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Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Eurasian whimbrel is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across much of subarctic Asia and Europe as far south as Scotland. This species and the Hudsonian whimbrel have recently been split, although some taxonomic authorities still consider them to be conspecific. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Scolopacidae
Genus:
   Numenius
Scientific:
  Numenius phaeopus


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.146

Protonym:
  Scolopax Phaeopus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727053


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  082F3A63A99AEDD4

Avibase ID:
  avibase-082F3A63

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/082F3A63


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176599

Geographic range:

  • Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus or islandicus]: NW Palearctic; winters to Africa and India
  • Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris: Steppes n of Caspian Sea; winters coastal w Indian Ocean
  • Numenius phaeopus variegatus: breeds in northeastern Siberia; winters from eastern India east to Taiwan, south through the Philippines and Indonesia to Australia
  • Numenius phaeopus rogachevae: breeds central Siberia; wintering range not documented, presumably coastlines around the Indian Ocean
Saozneg - RU:
Whimbrel
Katalaneg:
polit cantaire
Tchekeg:
koliha malá
daneg:
Småspove
Alamaneg:
Regenbrachvogel
Spagnoleg:
Zarapito trinador
Finneg:
pikkukuovi
Galleg:
Courlis corlieu
Kroateg:
Prugasti Pozviždač
Hungareg:
Kis póling
Islandeg:
Spói
Italianeg:
Chiurlo piccolo
Japaneg:
chuushakushigi
japaneg:
チュウシャクシギ
lituaneg:
Vidutinė kuolinga
Nederlandeg:
Regenwulp
Norvegeg:
Småspove
Poloneg:
kulik mniejszy
Portugaleg:
Maçarico-galego
Portugaleg (Brazil):
maçarico-galego
Rusianeg:
Средний кроншнеп
Sloveg:
hvizdák malý
Serbeg:
Mala carska šljuka
Svedeg:
småspov
Ukrainiek:
Кульон середній
Sinaeg:
中杓鹬
Chinese (Traditional):
中杓鷸


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Whimbrel ( Phaeopus phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Numenius phaeopus phaeopus [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2017:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2018:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2019:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2021:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Numenius [phaeopus or hudsonicus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kleinwulp, Kleinwulp (Witkruis)
arabeg: كروان الغيط الصغير, كروان الغيط الصغير رهيز, كروان الماء صغير (ابيض الردف)
Asturian: Algaraván Marciegu, Algaraván Piqueñu, Algaraván xiblador (triba phaeopus)
azerbaidjaneg: ortaboy əyridimdik, Ortaboy əyridimdik (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus yarımnövü), Ortaboy kronşnep
Bashkir: ваҡ ҡупырсыҡ, кәйөлдөр, һаҙ көйөлдөһө
belaruseg: Cярэднi кулён, Кулён сярэдні, Сярэднi кулён, Сярэдні кулён
Bulgareg: Малък свирец, Малък свирец (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
bengaleg: নাটা গুচরন্দা , নাটা গুলিন্দা
Bengali (transliteration): nāṭā gulindā
Brezhoneg: Ar c'hefeleg-mae, Kefeleg-Mae
Katalaneg: Curlera cantaire, Polit cantaire, Pòlit cantaire, Pòlit cantaire (grup phaeopus)
Catalan (Balears): Curlera cantaire
Montenegrin: srednja carska šljuka, средња царска шљука
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): средња царска шљука
Tchekeg: Koliha malá, koliha malá (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), koliha malá eurosibiřská/alboaxillaris/východosibiřská
Chuvash: вăтам пĕкĕсăмса
kembraeg: Coeg gylfinhir, Coeg-gylfinir, Coegyfinir, Coegylfinir
daneg: Lille regnspove, Småspove, Småspove, Hvidgumpet (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Alamaneg: Regenbrachvogel, Regenbrachvogel (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Regenbrachvogel-phaeopus
Maldivian: Bulhithunbi
Gresianeg: Θαλασσομπεκάτσα, Σιγλίγoυρoς, Σιγλίγουρος, Σιγλίγουρος (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Greek (Cypriot): Θαλασσομπεκάτσα
Saozneg - RU: Common Whimbrel, Curlew, Eurasian Whimbrel, Western Whimbrel, Whimbrel, Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English, HBW: Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (IOC): Eurasian Whimbrel, Eurasian Whimbrel (White-rumped), Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (Kenya): Whimbrel
English (United States): Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (South Africa): Eurasian Whimbrel (White-rumped)
Esperanteg: malgranda kurlo
Spagnoleg: Playero pico curvo, Playero Picocorvo, Playero trinador, Zarapito, Zarapito de Hudson, Zarapito Real, Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (grupo phaeopus)
Spanish (Argentine): Playero trinador, Playero Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Chile): Zarapito, Zarapito común (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Colombia): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Costa Rica): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Cuba): Zarapico Pico Cimitarra Chico, Zarapico pico cimitarra chico (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Ecuador): Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Spain): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito trinador (grupo phaeopus), Zarapito Trinador [Grupo phaeopus]
Spanish (Honduras): Playero pico curvo
Spanish (Mexico): zarapito trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Nicaragua): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Panama): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Peru): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Playero Picocorvo
Spanish (Paraguay): Playero trinador
Spanish (Uruguay): Chorlo Trinador, Playero Trinador, Playero Trinador (Subesp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Venezuela): Chorlo Real
Estoneg: Väikekoovitaja
Euskareg: Kurlinka bekainduna, Kurlinta bekaindun, Kurlinta bekainduna (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Polit cantaire
persianeg: گیلانشاه ابروسفید, گیلانشاه ابروسفید (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Finneg: Pikkukuovi, pikkukuovi (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
faeroeg: Spógvi
Galleg: Courlis corlieu, Courlis corlieu (phaeopus, alboaxillaris ou variegatus), Courlis corlieu (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Courlis hudsonien, Petit courlis
Friulian: arcazûl
frizeg: Wetterwylp
Iwerzhoneg: Crotach Eanaigh, Crotach shamhraidh
gouezeleg Bro-Skos: Eun Bealltainn
galizeg: Mazarico chiador, Mazarico chiador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Polit cantaire
Guaranieg: Chululu
Manx: Crottag houree
Haitian Creole French: Kouli
Hebreeg: חרמשון קטן, חרמשון קטן (לבן שת - קבוצה אירואסייתית)
Kroateg: Pozviždač jatar, Prugasti Pozviždac, Prugasti Pozviždač
Hungareg: Kis póling
armeneg: [Mijin Kronshnep/Arorik ], Միջին Արորիկ, Միջին արորիկ (Սպիտակատուտ), Միջին Կրոնշնեպ/Արորիկ
indonezeg: Burung Gajahan Penggala, Gajahan pengala, Gajahan Penggala, Kololi
Islandeg: Spói, Spói (phaeopus/alboaxillaris)
Italianeg: Chiurlo piccolo, Chiurlo piccolo (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Japaneg: chū shaku-shigi, chu-shaku-shigi, Chushaku-shigi, chuushakushigi, Chuushaku-shigi, chuushakushigi (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
japaneg: チュウシャクシギ, チュウシャクシギ (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), チュウシャクシギ(phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Japanese (Kanji): 中杓鴫, 中杓鷸
georgianeg: საშუალო კრონშნეპი
Kara-Kalpak: балықшы
Mongolian, Halh: бичилхэн тутгалжин, хурган тутгалжин
Khakas: Орта көгiлбей
Kazakh: Қасқа шалшықшы, орташа шалшықшы
Kazakh (Transliteration): qasqa şalşıqşı
Greenlandic: Saarfaarsussuaq
Koreeg: 중부리도요
Korean (Transliteration): jung-buri-doyo
North Karelian: pienišuovikli
Cornish: Cok-gelvynak
kyrgyzeg: кадимки төөчулдук, орточо төөчулдук
scientific: Numenius phaeopus, Numenius phaeopus phaeopus, Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus, Phaeopus phaeopus, Podiceps gadowi, Scolopax phaeopus
Luxembourgish: Klenge Broochvull , Reebrochvull
lituaneg: Mažoji kuolinga, Vidutine kuolinga, Vidutinė kuolinga, Vidutinioji kuolinga
latveg: Kulainis, Lietuvainis, Mazā kronšnepe, Mazais kuilis, Vidējā kuitala
Malagasy: Kiokioka, Kiokoika, Mantazazana
Makedoneg: шарен српоклун свиркач
malayalam: തെറ്റിക്കൊക്കന്‍ 
mongolieg: бичилхэн тутгалжин, Бэсрэг тутгалжин, хурган тутгалжин
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠪᠡᠰᠡᠷᠡᠭ ᠲᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠨ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠡᠰᠡᠷᠡᠭ ᠲᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠨ
Mongolian (Transliteration): besreg tutg aljiŋ
Moldavian: Culic mic
malayzeg: Burung Kedidi Pisau Raut, Burung Kendi Pisau Raut, Kendi Pisau Raut
malteg: Gurlin Żgħir
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): бичилхэн тутгалжин
nepaleg: सानो आ“सीठू“डे
Nederlandeg: Regenwulp
Norvegeg: Heispove, Småspove, småspove (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Poloneg: kulik mniejszy, kulik mniejszy (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Szlamnik
Pinyin: zhōng sháo-yù
Portugaleg: batuíra-de-bico-torto, maçaricão, maçarico galega, Macarico galego, maçarico-de-bico-torto, Macarico-galego, Maçarico-galego, maçarico-real, maria-rita
Portugaleg (Brazil): batuíra-de-bico-torto, maçaricão, maçarico-de-bico-torto, macarico-galego, maçarico-galego, maçarico-galego/maçarico-de-bico-torto (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), maçarico-real, maria-rita
Portuguese (Portugal): Maçarico-galego, maçarico-galego (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Romansh: Fliaun pitschen
Rhaeto-Romance: Fliaun pitschen
Roumaneg: Culic mic
Rusianeg: Cредний кроншнеп, Кроншнеп средний, Средний кроншнеп, Средний кроншнеп (белопоясный)
Yakut: хонуу дьиэрэҥэ
Scots: Eun bealltainn
Northern Sami: Guškkástat
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Wimburali Kalikaya
Sloveg: hvizdá, Hvizdák malý, hvizdák malý (bielokostrčový), Hvizdák pásavohlahý, Hvizdák pásavohlavý
Slovenieg: mali škurh, Mali škurh (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
albaneg: Kojliku mesatar
Serbeg: Mala carska šljuka, Mala carska šljuka (neodređena phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Mala carska šljuka (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), zlatovremenica, zlovremenica srednja, Пругаста златовременица, Средња златовременица
Svedeg: Småspov, småspov (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
swahilieg: Membe Sautisaba
Tamouleg: Kottan
Tajik: кӯрпатаки миѐна
Thai: นกอีก๋อยเล็ก, นกอีก๋อยเล็ก (ตะโพกขาว)
Thai (Transliteration): nók ii-kŏaay lék
turkmeneg: orta ýylkyçy
Turkeg: sürmeli kervan çulluğu, Sürmeli kervançulluğu, Sürmelı Kervançulluğu, Sürmeli kervançulluğu (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Sürmeli Kervançulluşu, Yağmur Kervançulluğu, Қасқа шалшықшы
Tatar: уртача зурлыктагы шөлди , уртача кроншнеп
Tuvan (Tuvinian): Безерек даргый
Ukrainiek: Кульон середній , Середній кроншнеп
ouzbekeg: ўртача узунбурун, ўртача узунбурун балчиқчи
vietnameg: Chim Choắt mỏ cong bé, Choắt mỏ cong bé
C'hosaeg: Ingoyi-ngoyi
Sinaeg: [zhong shao-yu], 中杓鷸, 中杓鹬, 中杓鹬(白腰)
Chinese (Traditional): 中杓鷸, 中杓鷸(白腰群)
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 中杓鷸
Chinese (Taiwan): [zhong shao-yu], 中杓鷸, 中杓鹬

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