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Humboldt Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti Meyen, FJF 1834

The Humboldt penguin is a medium-sized penguin. It resides in South America, its range mainly contains most of coastal Peru. Its nearest relatives are the African penguin, the Magellanic penguin and the Galápagos penguin. The Humboldt penguin and the cold water current it swims in both are named after the explorer Alexander von Humboldt. The species is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN with no population recovery plan in place. The current population is composed of 32,000 mature individuals and is going down. It is a migrant species. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Sphenisciformes
Family:
  Spheniscidae
Genus:
   Spheniscus
Scientific:
  Spheniscus humboldti


Original description

Citation:
  Meyen, FJF 1834

Reference:
   Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol., Halle 16 Suppl. p.110 pl.21

Protonym:
  Spheniscus Humboldti


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  37FC130FE446358F

Avibase ID:
  avibase-37FC130F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/37FC130F


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174463


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Spheniscus humboldti: Humboldt Current region of coastal n Peru to s Chile
Saozneg - RU:
Humboldt Penguin
Katalaneg:
Pingüí de Humboldt
Tchekeg:
tučňák Humboldtův
daneg:
Humboldtpingvin
Alamaneg:
Humboldtpinguin
Spagnoleg:
Pingüino de Humboldt
Spanish (Spain):
Pingüino de Humboldt
Finneg:
perunpingviini
Galleg:
Manchot de Humboldt
Kroateg:
Humboltov pingvin
Hungareg:
Humboldt-pingvin
Islandeg:
Húmboltmörgæs
Italianeg:
Pinguino di Humboldt
Japaneg:
funborutopengin
japaneg:
フンボルトペンギン
lituaneg:
Humbolto pingvinas
Nederlandeg:
Humboldtpinguïn
Norvegeg:
Humboldtpingvin
Norvegeg:
Humboldtpingvin
Poloneg:
pingwin peruwiański
Portugaleg:
Pinguim-de-humboldt
Rusianeg:
Гумбольдтов пингвин
Sloveg:
tučniak jednopásy
Serbeg:
Humboltov pingvin
Svedeg:
humboldtpingvin
Ukrainiek:
Пінгвін гумбольдта
Sinaeg:
秘鲁企鹅
Chinese (Traditional):
洪保德環企鵝


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Manchot de Humboldt ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Manchot de Humboldt ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 1st edition:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2021:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 3rd edition:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 4th edition:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2015:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2016:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2017:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2018:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Clements, version 2019:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 1.50:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 1.52:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 1.53:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 1.54:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 1.55:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2015:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2016:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2017:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2018:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2019:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
eBird version 2021:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Spheniscus humboldti
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Spheniscus humboldti
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Spheniscus humboldti
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Humboldt Penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus humboldti
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus humboldti

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


azerbaidjaneg: Humbold pinqvini, Peru pinqvini
Bulgareg: Хумболтов пингвин
bengaleg: ঴াভমফামটয হ঩ঙ্খুিআন
Bengali (transliteration): hāmabōlṭēra pēṅgu'ina*
Katalaneg: Pingüí de Humboldt
Montenegrin: humboltski pingvin, хумболтски пингвин
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): хумболтски пингвин
Tchekeg: Tucnák Humboldtuv, tučňák Humboldtův
Chuvash: Гумбольдт пингвинĕ
daneg: Humboldtpingvin
Alamaneg: Humboldtpinguin, Humboldt-Pinguin
Saozneg - RU: Humboldt Penguin, Peruvian Penguin
English, HBW: Humboldt Penguin
English (IOC): Humboldt Penguin
English (United States): Humboldt Penguin
Esperanteg: Humboldta pingveno, Humboldta sfenisko
Spagnoleg: Pingüino de Humboldt, Pingüino de Humboldti
Spanish (Argentine): Pingüino de Humboldt
Spanish (Chile): Pingüino de Humboldt, Pingüino de Humboldti
Spanish (Colombia): Pingüino de Humboldt
Spanish (Ecuador): Pingüino de Humboldt
Spanish (Spain): Pingüino de Humboldt
Spanish (HBW): Humboldt Penguin
Spanish (Peru): Pingüino de Humboldt
Estoneg: guaanopingviin
Finneg: Perunpingviini
Galleg: Manchot de Humboldt
Iwerzhoneg: Piongain Pheiriúch
Hebreeg: פינגווין הומבולדט, פינגווינים
Kroateg: Humboltov pingvin
Hungareg: Humboldt-pingvin
Islandeg: Húmboltmörgæs
Italianeg: Pinguino di Humboldt
Japaneg: fumborutopengin, funborutopengin
japaneg: フンボルトペンギン
Mongolian, Halh: судалт оцон шувууд
Kazakh: Гумбольдт пингвині
kyrgyzeg: Гумбольдт пингвини
scientific: Spheniscus humboldti, Spheniscus humbolti
lituaneg: Humboldto pingvinas, Humbolto pingvinas
mongolieg: судалт оцон шувууд
malteg: pingwin Humboldt, pingwin ta' Humboldt
Nederlandeg: Humboldtpinguïn
Norvegeg: Humboldtpingvin
Norvegeg: Humboldtpingvin
Poloneg: pingwin peruwianski, pingwin peruwiański
Portugaleg: Pinguim-de-humboldt
Portuguese (Portugal): pinguim-de-humboldt
Rusianeg: гумбольдтов пингвин, Пингвин Гумбольдта
Yakut: Гумбольдт пингвиина
Sloveg: Tučniak Humboldtov, Tučniak jednopásy
Slovenieg: Humboldtov pingvin
Serbeg: Humboltov pingvin
Svedeg: Humboldtpingvin
Turkeg: Humboldt Penguen, Humboldt Pengueni, Peru Penguen
Ukrainiek: Пінгвін гумбольдта
ouzbekeg: Гумбольдт пингвини
Sinaeg: 秘鲁企鹅
Chinese (Traditional): 洪保德環企鵝

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