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Magellanic Penguin

Spheniscus magellanicus (Forster, JR 1781)

The Magellanic penguin is a South American penguin, breeding in coastal Patagonia, including Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands, with some migrating to Brazil and Uruguay, where they are occasionally seen as far north as Espirito Santo. Vagrants have been found in El Salvador, the Avian Island in Antarctica, Australia, and New Zealand. It is the most numerous of the Spheniscus penguins. Its nearest relatives are the African penguin, the Humboldt penguin, and the Galápagos penguins. The Magellanic penguin was named after Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who spotted the birds in 1520. The species is listed as being of Least Concern by the IUCN. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Sphenisciformes
Family:
  Spheniscidae
Genus:
   Spheniscus
Scientific:
  Spheniscus magellanicus


Original description

Citation:
  (Forster, JR 1781)

Reference:
   Comment. Soc. Reg. Sci. Gott. 3(1780) p.134,143 pl.5

Protonym:
  Aptenodytes magellanicus


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3B4B29E097464863

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3B4B29E0

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3B4B29E0


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174464

Geographic range:

  • Spheniscus magellanicus: Patagonian coasts, Staten, Falkland and Juan Fernández islands
Saozneg - RU:
Magellanic Penguin
Katalaneg:
Pingüí de Magallanes
Tchekeg:
tučňák magellanský
daneg:
Magellanpingvin
Alamaneg:
Magellanpinguin
Spagnoleg:
Pingüino magallánico
Spanish (Spain):
Pingüino Magallánico
Finneg:
patagonianpingviini
Galleg:
Manchot de Magellan
Kroateg:
Magelanov pingvin
Hungareg:
Magellán-pingvin
Islandeg:
Magellansmörgæs
Italianeg:
Pinguino di Magellano
Japaneg:
mazeranpengin
japaneg:
マゼランペンギン
lituaneg:
Magelaninis pingvinas
Nederlandeg:
Magelhaenpinguïn
Norvegeg:
Magellanpingvin
Norvegeg:
Magellanpingvin
Poloneg:
pingwin magellański
Portugaleg:
pinguim
Portugaleg (Brazil):
pinguim
Rusianeg:
Магелланов пингвин
Sloveg:
tučniak dvojpásy
Serbeg:
Magelanov pingvin
Svedeg:
magellanpingvin
Ukrainiek:
Пінгвін магеланський
Sinaeg:
南美企鹅
Chinese (Traditional):
麥哲倫環企鵝


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Manchot de Magellan ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Manchot de Magellan ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 1st edition:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2021:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 4th edition:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2015:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2016:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2017:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2018:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Clements, version 2019:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 1.50:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 1.52:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 1.53:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 1.54:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 1.55:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2015:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2016:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2017:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2018:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2019:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
eBird version 2021:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Spheniscus magellanicus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Spheniscus magellanicus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Spheniscus magellanicus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Magellanic Penguin ( Spheniscus magellanicus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus magellanicus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus magellanicus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Magellaanpikkewyn, Magellaanse Pikkewyn
azerbaidjaneg: Magellan pinqvini, Maqellan pinqvini
Bulgareg: Магеланов пингвин
Katalaneg: Pingüí de Magallanes
Tchekeg: Tucnák magellanský, tučňák magellanský
Chuvash: Магеллан пингвинĕ
daneg: Magellanpingvin
Alamaneg: Magellanpinguin
Saozneg - RU: Magellanic Penguin
English, HBW: Magellanic Penguin
English (IOC): Magellanic Penguin
English (United States): Magellanic Penguin
Esperanteg: magelana pingveno, Magelana sfenisko
Spagnoleg: Pingüino de Magallanes, Pingüino Magallánico, Pingüino Magellanico, Pingüino Magellánico, Pingüino patagónico
Spanish (Argentine): Pingüino patagónico
Spanish (Chile): Pingüino de Magallanes
Spanish (Colombia): Pingüino de Magallanes
Spanish (Spain): Pingüino Magallánico
Spanish (HBW): Magellanic Penguin
Spanish (Peru): Pingüino de Magallanes
Spanish (Uruguay): Pingüino de Magallanes
Estoneg: patagoonia pingviin
Finneg: Patagonianpingviini
Galleg: Manchot de Magellan
Hebreeg: פינגווין מאגלאן
Kroateg: Magelanov pingvin
Hungareg: Magellán-pingvin
Islandeg: Magellansmörgæs
Italianeg: patagonico, Pinguino di Magellano
Japaneg: mazerampengin, mazeranpengin
japaneg: マゼランペンギン
Mongolian, Halh: африк оцон шувуу
Kazakh: Магеллан пингвині
kyrgyzeg: Магеллан пингвини
scientific: Aptenodytes magellanicus, Spheniscus magellanicus
lituaneg: Magelaninis pingvinas
mongolieg: африк оцон шувуу
Nederlandeg: Magelhaenpinguïn
Norvegeg: Magellanpingvin
Norvegeg: Magellanpingvin
Poloneg: pingwin magellanski, pingwin magellański
Portugaleg: naufragado, pato-do-mar, pato-marinho, penguim, pinguim, Pinguim de Magalhães, pinguim-de-Magalhã, Pingüim-de-magalhã, pinguim-de-Magalhães, Pingüim-de-magalhães
Portugaleg (Brazil): naufragado, pato-do-mar, pato-marinho, penguim, pinguim, pinguim-de-Magalhães, Pingüim-de-magalhães
Portuguese (Portugal): Pinguim-de-magalhães
Rusianeg: магелланов пингвин
Sloveg: Tučniak dvojpásy
Serbeg: Magelanov pingvin
Svedeg: Magelhaen penguin, Magellanpingvin
Tajik: пингвини магелонӣ
Turkeg: Macellan Pengueni, Magellenic Penguen
Ukrainiek: Пінгвін магеланський
ouzbekeg: Магеллан пингвини
Sinaeg: 南美企鹅
Chinese (Traditional): 麥哲倫環企鵝

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