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Benvinguda Convidat

Marabú caragroc

Leptoptilos dubius (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

The Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius) is a member of the stork family, Ciconiidae. Its genus includes the Lesser Adjutant of Asia and the Marabou Stork of Africa. Once found widely across southern Asia, mainly in India but extending east to Borneo, the Greater Adjutant is now restricted to a much smaller range with only two small breeding populations; in India with the largest colony in Assam and the other in Cambodia. Populations disperse after the breeding season. This large stork has a massive wedge-shaped bill, a bare head and a distinctive neck pouch. During the day, they soar in thermals along with vultures with whom they share the habit of scavenging. They feed mainly on carrion and offal; however, they are opportunistic and will sometimes prey on vertebrates. The English name is derived from their stiff "military" gait when walking on the ground. Large numbers once lived in Asia, but have declined greatly, possibly due to improved sanitation, to the point of being endangered. The total population in 2008 was estimated at around a thousand individuals. In the 19th century, they were especially common in the city of Calcutta, where they were referred to as the "Calcutta Adjutant". Known locally as Hargila (derived from the Sanskrit word for "bone-swallower") and considered to be unclean birds, they were largely left undisturbed but sometimes hunted for the use of their meat in folk medicine. Valued as scavengers, they were once used in the logo of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation. Source: Wikipedia




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Ordre:
  Pelecaniformes
Família:
  Ciconiidae
Gènere:
  Leptoptilos

Nom científic:
  Leptoptilos dubius

Cita:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

Referència:
  Syst.Nat. p.624

Protònim:
  Ardea dubia

Avibase ID:
  81E1FC1CBA6C9F7F

Enllaç curt:
  https://avibase.ca/81E1FC1C

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174920

Geographic range:

  • Leptoptilos dubius: Formerly from northern India to Vietnam, dispersing west to Pakistan. Currently breeds northeastern India (Assam) and Cambodia, with dispersal west to Nepal
Anglès:
Greater Adjutant
Català:
Marabú caragroc
Txec:
marabu indický
Danès:
Adjudant
Alemany:
Argalamarabu
Espanyol:
Marabú Argala
Spanish (Spain):
Marabú Argala
Finès:
assaminmarabu
Francès:
Marabout argala
Croat:
asamski marabu
Hongarès:
sárgafejű marabu
Italià:
Marabù asiatico maggiore
Japonès:
oohagekou
japonès:
オオハゲコウ
Lituà:
Indinis marabu
Holandès:
Indische Maraboe
Noruec:
Storadjutant
Noruec:
Storadjutant
Polonès:
marabut indyjski
Portuguès:
Marabu-grande
Rus:
Индийский марабу
Eslovac:
marabu veľký
Serbi:
Asamski marabu
Suec:
större adjutantstork
Ucraïnès:
Аргала, або марабу індійський
Xinès:
大秃鹳
Chinese (Traditional):
大禿鸛


Autoritats que reconeixen el concept taxonòmic:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Marabout argala ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Marabout argala ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 1st edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 3rd edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 4th edition:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2015:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2016:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2017:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2018:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2019:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.50:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.52:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.53:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.54:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.55:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2015:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2016:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2017:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2018:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2019:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Oriental Bird Club:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
James Lee Peters:
Leptoptilos dubius
James Lee Peters (original):
Leptoptilos dubius
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Leptoptilos dubius
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leptoptilos dubius
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leptoptilos dubius

Situació Taxonòmica:

Estatus de l'espècie: full species

Els vostres avistaments

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Taxons relacionats

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Altres conceptes relacionats

Altres sinònims


Búlgar: Голям индийски щъркел
Bengalí: বড় মদনটাক
Català: Marabú caragroc
Txec: marabu indický, Marabu vetší
Danès: Adjudant
Alemany: Argala, Argalamarabu, Argala-Marabu, Grossadjutant, Großer Adjutant, GroßerAdjutant, Indischer Marabu
Anglès: Adjutant, Adjutant Stork, Greater Adjutant, Greater Adjutant Stork, Greater Adjutant-Stork
English, HBW: Greater Adjutant
English (IOC): Greater Adjutant
English (United States): Greater Adjutant
Espanyol: Marabú Argala
Spanish (Spain): Marabú Argala
Spanish (HBW): Greater Adjutant
Estonià: india marabu (argala)
Finès: Aasianmarabu, assaminmarabu
Francès: Grand Marabout, Marabout argala
Croat: asamski marabu
Hongarès: sárgafejű marabu
Indonesi: Bangau besar, Burung Bangau Besar
Italià: Marabù asiatico maggiore, Marabu maggiore, Marabù maggiore, Marabù maggiore asiatico
Japonès: ō hage kō, oohagekou
japonès: オオハゲコウ
Japanese (Kanji): 大禿鸛
científic: Ardea dubia, Leptoptilos dubius, Leptoptilus dubius
Lituà: Indinis marabu
Malai: Burung Botak Babi Besar, Burung Botak Besar
Nepalès: राजगरुड
Holandès: Indische Maraboe
Noruec: Storadjutant
Noruec: Storadjutant
Polonès: marabut indyjski
Pinyin: dà tū-guàn
Portuguès: Marabu-grande
Rus: Азиатский марабу, большой марабу, Индийский Марабу, Марабу-маргала индийский
Eslovac: Bocian argala, marabu veľký
Serbi: Asamski marabu, Veliki azijski marabu
Suec: Större adjutantstork
Tailandès: นกตะกราม
Thai (Transliteration): nók tà-kraam
Turc: Sarı Yüzlü Marabu
Ucraïnès: Аргала, або марабу індійський
Vietnamita: Chim Già đẩy lớn, Chim Giang, Chim Hạc già đẩy, Già đẫy lớn
Xinès: 大秃鹳
Chinese (Traditional): 大禿鸛

Avibase ha rebut 326.102.969 visites des del 24 de juny de 2003. © Denis Lepage | normes de confidencialitat La traducció i adaptació d'aquesta pàgina al català ha sigut realitzada per Joan Carles Fernández-Ordóñez