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Xatrac de Sumatra

Sterna sumatrana Raffles, 1822

The Black-naped Tern (Sterna sumatrana) is an oceanic tern mostly found in tropical and subtropical areas of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is rarely found inland. Source: Wikipedia




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Fotografia extreta de flickr.com.


Ordre:
  Charadriiformes
Família:
  Laridae
Gènere:
  Sterna

Nom científic:
  Sterna sumatrana

Cita:
  Raffles, 1822

Referència:
  Trans.Linn.Soc.London(1) p.329

Protònim:
  Sterna Sumatrana

Avibase ID:
  9D6704AC5D349A16

Enllaç curt:
  https://avibase.ca/9D6704AC

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176917

Geographic range:

  • Sterna sumatrana sumatrana: Andaman and Nicobar islands east to eastern China and southern Japan, south through southeast Asia to the Philippines, the Sunda Islands, New Guinea and northern Australia, Micronesia, Melanesia, and west central Polynesia (east to Samoa)
  • Sterna sumatrana mathewsi: Aldabra, Amirante, Chagos and Maldive islands
Anglès:
Black-naped Tern
Català:
Xatrac de Sumatra
Txec:
rybák bělotemenný
Danès:
Indonesisk Terne
Alemany:
Schwarznacken-Seeschwalbe
Espanyol:
Charrán de Sumatra
Spanish (Spain):
Charrán de Sumatra
Finès:
mustaniskatiira
Francès:
Sterne diamant
Croat:
svijetla čigra
Hongarès:
feketefejű csér
Islandès:
Depilþerna
Italià:
Sterna nucanera
Japonès:
eriguroajisashi
japonès:
エリグロアジサシ
Lituà:
Juodasprandė žuvėdra
Holandès:
Zwartnekstern
Noruec:
Svartnakketerne
Noruec:
Svartnakketerne
Polonès:
rybitwa równikowa
Portuguès:
Gaivina-de-nuca-preta
Rus:
Светлая крачка
Eslovac:
rybár čiernotylový
Serbi:
Sumatranska čigra
Suec:
svartnackad tärna
Ucraïnès:
Крячок індонезійський
Xinès:
黑枕燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
蒼燕鷗


Autoritats que reconeixen el concept taxonòmic:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Sterne diamant ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Sterne diamant ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Sterna sumatrana [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Sterna sumatrana [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Sterna sumatrana [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black-naped Tern ( Sterna sumatrana) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna sumatrana [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna sumatrana [version 1]

Situació Taxonòmica:

Estatus de l'espècie: full species

Els vostres avistaments

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Taxons relacionats

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Altres sinònims


Afrikaans: Swartkroonseeswael , Swartkroonseeswael (Swartnekseeswael, Swartkroonsterretjie, Swartneksterretjie
Búlgar: Суматранска рибарка
Bengalí: কালাঘাড় পানচিল
Català: Xatrac de Sumatra
Txec: Rybák belocelý, rybák bělotemenný
Danès: Indonesisk Terne
Alemany: Schwarznackenseeschwalbe, Schwarznacken-Seeschwalbe
Maldivian: Kirudhooni
Anglès: Blacknaped Tern, Black-naped Tern
English, HBW: Black-naped Tern
English (IOC): Black-naped Tern
English (United States): Black-naped Tern
Espanyol: Charrán de Sumatra, Gaviotín de Nuca Blanca
Spanish (Spain): Charrán de Sumatra
Spanish (HBW): Black-naped Tern
Estonià: mustkukal-tiir
Finès: Mustaniskatiira
Francès: Sterne à nuque noire, Sterne de Sumatra, Sterne diamant
Croat: svijetla čigra
Hongarès: feketefejű csér
Indonesi: Burung Dara Laut Sumatera, Burung Dara-laut Tengkuk-hitam, Dara laut Sumatra, Dara laut tengkuk hitam, Dara-laut tengkuk-hitam, Daralaut Tengkuk-hitam
Islandès: Depilþerna
Italià: Sterna nucanera
Japonès: eri-guro aji-sashi, eriguroajisashi, Eriguro-ajisashi
japonès: エリグロアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): 襟黒鯵刺
científic: Sterna melanauchen, Sterna sumatrana, Sterna sumatrana sumatrana
Lituà: Juodasprandė žuvėdra
Letó: melnkakla zīriņš
Malaialam: പിടലികറുപ്പൻ ആള
Malai: Burung Camar Sumatera, Burung Camar Tengkuk Hitam, Burung Camar Topi Hitam, Camar Tengkuk Hitam
Holandès: Zwartnekstern
Noruec: Svartnakketerne
Noruec: Svartnakketerne
Palauan: Kerkirs
Polonès: rybitwa równikowa
Pinyin: cāng yàn-ōu, hēi-zhěn yàn-ōu
Portuguès: Gaivina-de-nuca-preta
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivina-de-nuca-preta
Rarotongan: Kakavai Māui
Rus: Светлая крачка, Светлая темнозатылочная крачка, Франклинова чайка
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Kalu-gelasi Muhudulihiniya
Eslovac: rybár čiernotylový, rybár čiernotylý
Samoà: gogosina
Serbi: Sumatranska čigra
Suec: Svartnackad tärna
Suahili: Shakwe Kisogo-cheusi
Tailandès: นกนางนวลแกลบท้ายทอยดำ
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan-klàeep tʰáay-tʰoaay-dam
Turc: Kara enseli sumru
Ucraïnès: Крячок індонезійський
Vietnamita: Chim Nhàn Xumatra, Nhàn sumatra, Nhàn Xumatra
Xinès: 蒼燕鷗, 黑枕燕鷗, 黑枕燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 蒼燕鷗, 蒼燕鷗〔黑枕燕鷗〕, 黑枕燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 蒼燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 苍燕鸥

Avibase ha rebut 330.886.138 visites des del 24 de juny de 2003. © Denis Lepage | normes de confidencialitat La traducció i adaptació d'aquesta pàgina al català ha sigut realitzada per Joan Carles Fernández-Ordóñez