Benvinguda Convidat

Àguila cridanera

Clanga clanga (Pallas, PS 1811)

The greater spotted eagle, occasionally just called the spotted eagle, is a large bird of prey. Like all typical eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Its feathered legs indicate it as a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, also known as the “booted eagles”. This species, though once thought to be including in the genus Aquila, is now thought to belong to a distinct genus, Clanga, along with the other two species of spotted eagles. Greater spotted eagles are distributed spottily whilst breeding across Eastern and partially Central Europe across through much of central Russia and Central Asia, partially into China, the Indian Subcontinent and the upper Middle East. During winter, they migrate primarily to South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean Basin and partially into East Africa. This eagle prefers wetter habitats than most co-existing booted eagles, preferring riparian zones along rivers as well as bogs, lakes, ponds, some seacoasts and other water ways with some woodland or forest surrounding. Floodplains are the primary breeding sites, preferably those which experience high water levels. They tend to be slightly more generalized during winter and migration but often seek out similar wetland type habitat. However, on occasion they may occur in dry upland areas during winter such as savanna plateaus. Source: Wikipedia




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Fotografia extreta de flickr.com.


Classification
Ordre:
  Accipitriformes
Família:
  Accipitridae
Gènere:
   Clanga
Nom científic:
  Clanga clanga


Original description

Cita:
  (Pallas, PS 1811)

Referència:
   Zoographia Rosso-Asiat. 1 p.351

Protònim:
  Aquila Clanga

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29114286


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  BAC4CA22EDCC74E7

Avibase ID:
  avibase-BAC4CA22

Enllaç curt:
  https://avibase.ca/BAC4CA22


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175411


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Clanga clanga: C Eurasia and s Asia; winters to Africa, China and Indochina
Anglès:
Greater Spotted Eagle
Català:
Àguila cridanera
Txec:
orel volavý
Danès:
Stor Skrigeørn
Alemany:
Schelladler
Espanyol:
Águila Moteada
Spanish (Spain):
Águila Moteada
Finès:
kiljukotka
Francès:
Aigle criard
Croat:
Orao klokotaš
Hongarès:
Fekete sas
Islandès:
Gjallörn
Italià:
Aquila anatraia maggiore
Japonès:
karafutowashi
japonès:
カラフトワシ
Lituà:
Didysis erelis rėksnys
Holandès:
Bastaardarend
Noruec:
Storskrikørn
Noruec:
Storskrikørn
Polonès:
orlik grubodzioby
Portuguès:
águia-malhada
Rus:
Большой подорлик
Eslovac:
orol hrubozobý
Serbi:
Crni orao
Suec:
större skrikörn
Ucraïnès:
Підорлик великий
Xinès:
乌雕
Chinese (Traditional):
花鵰


Autoritats que reconeixen el concept taxonòmic:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle criard ( Aquila clanga)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle criard ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 1st edition:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements, version 2021:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements 3rd edition:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 4th edition:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements, version 2015:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements, version 2016:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements, version 2017:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements, version 2018:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Clements, version 2019:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 1.50:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
eBird version 1.52:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
eBird version 1.53:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 1.54:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 1.55:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2015:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2016:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2017:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2018:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2019:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
eBird version 2021:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Oriental Bird Club:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Aquila clanga
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Aquila clanga
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Aquila clanga
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Greater Spotted Eagle ( Clanga clanga)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila clanga
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila clanga

Situació Taxonòmica:

Estatus de l'espècie: full species

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Taxons relacionats

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Altres conceptes relacionats

Altres sinònims

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Groot Gevlekte Arend
Àrab: العقاب المنقط, العقاب المنقط عقاب, عقاب, عقاب رقطاء كبرى
Asturian: Águila glayadora
Àzeri: Böyük qartalça, Böyük xallı qartal, çığırqan qartalça
Baixkir: ҡарағош
Bielorús: Арлец вялікі, Вялiкi арлец, Вялікі арлец, Падворлік вялікі
Búlgar: Голям креслив орел
Bengalí: ফড় গুটিিইগর , বড় গুটিঈগল
Bengali (transliteration): baṛa guṭi'īgala
Bretó: Erer-sklank
Català: Àguila cridanera
Montenegrin: crni orao, orao klokotaš, орао клокоташ, црни орао
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): орао клокоташ, црни орао
Txec: Orel volavý
Chuvash: кăшкăракан ăмăрт кайăк, кăшкăракан ăмăрткайăк, пăнчăллă ăмăрт кайăк, пăнчăллă ăмăрткайăк
Gallès: Eryr brith, Eryr brych
Danès: Stor skrigeørn
Alemany: Schelladler
Grec: Στικταετός, Στικτογεράκα
Greek (Cypriot): Στικτογεράκα
Anglès: Greater Spotted Eagle, Spotted Eagle
English, HBW: Greater Spotted Eagle
English (IOC): Greater Spotted Eagle
English (Kenya): Greater Spotted Eagle
English (United States): Greater Spotted Eagle
Esperanto: Granda kriaglo
Espanyol: Aguila Moteada, Águila Moteada
Spanish (Spain): Águila Moteada
Spanish (HBW): Águila moteada
Estonià: Suur-konnakotkas
Basc: Àguila cridanera, Arrano pikart, Arrano pikarta
Evenki: гара, гикэн, кӣран,мури, уксукӣ, челко̄мэ, чолког, чолкомо, чэлкэмэ
Farsi: عقاب خالدار بزرگ , عقاب خالدار بزرگ (تالابی)
Finès: Kiljukotka
Francès: Aigle criard
Frisó: Bastertearn
Irlandès: Iolar Breac
Gallec: Aguia gritadeira, Aguia manchada, Àguila cridanera
Manx: Urley breck
Hebreu: עיט צפרדעים
Croat: Orao klokotaš
Hongarès: Fekete sas, Nagy békászó sas, Nagy békászósas
Armeni: [Metz Yentaartsiv ], Մեծ Են աարծիվ, Մեծ Ենթաարծիվ
Indonesi: Burung Rajawali Totol, Rajawali Totol
Islandès: Gjallörn
Italià: Aquila anatraia maggiore
Japonès: karafuto washi, karafutowashi, Karafuto-washi
japonès: カラフトワシ
Japanese (Kanji): 樺太鷲
Georgià: დიდი მყივანი არწივი
Kara-Kalpak: қара қус, қарақус
Kabardian: къиякъжьей
Mongolian, Halh: цоохор бүргэд
Khakas: Ызын
Kazakh: Қыранқара, үлкен подорлик, үлкен шаңқылдақ қыран, шаңқылдақ қыран, Шањқылдақ қыран
Kazakh (Transliteration): şañqıldaq qıran
Coreà: 항라머리검독수리, 항라머리독수리
Korean (Transliteration): hangna-meori-geom-dok-suri
Karachay-Balkar: дангыл къуш
North Karelian: kil’l’ujakokko
Kirguís: ири шакылдак, чаар бүркүт
científic: Aquila clanga, Aquila fulviventris, Aquila maculata, Clanga clanga, Falco maculatus, Ictinaetus clangus
Luxemburguès: Schelladeler, Schelladler
Lituà: Didysis erelis reksnys, Didysis erelis rėksnys
Letó: Lielais paērglis, Vidējais ērglis
Macedònic: Голем креслив, Голем орел кликач, Орел клокташ
Malaialam: വലിയ പുള്ളിപ്പരുന്ത്
Mongol: Бор бүргэд, цоохор бүргэд
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Тас
Mongolian (Transliteration): bor bürged, tas
Moldau: Acvilă țipătoare mare, Acvilă-de-stepă
Marathi: मोठा ठिपक्यांचा गरुड
Malai: Burung Helang Bintik, Burung Lang Berbintik, Burung Lang Bintik, Helang Bintik
Maltès: ajkla kbira ttikjata, ajkla l-kbira tat-tbajja'
Nepalès: जीवाहार महाचील
Holandès: Bastaardarend
Noruec: Storskrikørn
Noruec: Storskrikeørn, Storskrikørn
Polonès: orlik grubodzioby
Pinyin: hēi-diāo, huā-diāo, tuán-diāo, wū-diāo, xiǎo huā-zào-diāo
Portuguès: Águia-gritadeira, Águia-malhada
Portuguese (Portugal): águia-gritadeira, Águia-malhada
Romansh: Evla-stgella gronda
Reto-romànic: Evla-stgella gronda
Romanès: Acvilă țipătoare mare, Acvilă ţipătoare mare
Rus: Bolshoy Podorlik, Большой подорлик, Подорлик большой
Yakut: кыра хотой
Northern Sami: Stuorragilljogoaskin
Eslovac: Orol hrubozobý
Eslovè: veliki klinkac, veliki klinkač
Albanès: Shqiponja e madhe e rosave
Serbi: Crni orao, orao kliktaš, Orao klokotaš, Oрao клокоташ, Орао клокоташ
Suec: Större skrikörn
Suahili: Tai Khangamadoa
Tàmil: Pulli Parundhu
Tailandès: นกอินทรีปีกลาย
Thai (Transliteration): nók in-sii pìik-laay
Turcman: uly garaguşjyk
Turc: Büyük Bağırgan Kartal, Büyük orman kartalı, büyük orman kartaly, Шаңқылдақ қыран
Tàtar: зур бөркетсыман кош, зур каракош , зур подорлик , зур тавышлы каракош
Tuvan (Tuvinian): Алгыжы эзир
Udmurt: пичи варыш, пичиварыш, ырӟо
Ucraïnès: Великий підорлик, Орел-скигляк, Підорлик великий
Uzbek: бақироқ бургут, дашт катта бургути, катта бургут, катта олачипор бургут, катта подорлик
Vietnamita: Chim Đại bàng đen, Đại bàng đen
Xinès: [hei-diao], [hua-diao], [tuan-diao], [wu-diao], [xiao hua-zao-diao], 乌, 乌 鵰, 乌雕, 乌鵰, 团, 团鵰, 小花皂, 小花皂鵰, 烏鵰, 花鵰, 黑, 黑鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 團鵰, 小花皂鵰, 烏鵰, 花鵰, 花鵰〔大烏鵰〕, 黑鵰
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 花鵰
Chinese (Taiwan): [hua-diao], 花, 花鵰

Avibase ha rebut 349.107.328 visites des del 24 de juny de 2003. © Denis Lepage | normes de confidencialitat La traducció i adaptació d'aquesta pàgina al català ha sigut realitzada per Joan Carles Fernández-Ordóñez