El vostre inici de sessió:

Contrasenya:

Mantenir l'accés

Introduïu el nom d'inici de sessió o la vostra adreça de correu electrònic i feu clic a Enviar recordatori per rebre un recordatori per correu electrònic.


Benvinguda Convidat

Èider reial

Somateria spectabilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

The King Eider (pronounced /ˈ.dər/) (Somateria spectabilis) is a large sea duck that breeds along Northern Hemisphere Arctic coasts of northeast Europe, North America and Asia. The birds spend most of the year in coastal marine ecosystems at high latitudes, and migrate to Arctic tundra to breed in June and July. They lay four to seven eggs in a scrape on the ground lined with grass and down. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Fotografia extreta de flickr.com.


Ordre:
  Anseriformes
Família:
  Anatidae
Gènere:
  Somateria

Nom científic:
  Somateria spectabilis

Cita:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Referència:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protònim:
  Anas spectabilis

Avibase ID:
  F3D7491432CC59E7

Enllaç curt:
  https://avibase.ca/F3D74914

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175160

Geographic range:

  • Somateria spectabilis: Arctic Eurasia and n North America
Anglès:
King Eider
Català:
Èider reial
Txec:
kajka královská
Danès:
Kongeederfugl
Alemany:
Prachteiderente
Espanyol:
Eider Real
Spanish (Spain):
Eider Real
Finès:
kyhmyhaahka
Francès:
Eider à tête grise
Croat:
Kraljevska gavka
Hongarès:
Cifra pehelyréce
Islandès:
Æðarkóngur
Italià:
Re degli edredoni
Japonès:
kewatagamo
japonès:
ケワタガモ
Lituà:
Skiauterėtoji gaga
Holandès:
Koningseider
Noruec:
Praktærfugl
Noruec:
Praktærfugl
Polonès:
turkan
Portuguès:
Eider-real
Rus:
Гага-гребенушка
Eslovac:
kajka hrbozobá
Serbi:
Kraljevska gavka
Suec:
praktejder
Ucraïnès:
Пухівка горбатодзьоба
Xinès:
王绒鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
小絨鴨


Autoritats que reconeixen el concept taxonòmic:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Eider à tête grise ( Somateria spectabilis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Eider à tête grise ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 1st edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 3rd edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 4th edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2015:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2016:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2017:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2018:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2019:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.50:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.52:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.53:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.54:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.55:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2015:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2016:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2017:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2018:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2019:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Oriental Bird Club:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
James Lee Peters:
Somateria spectabilis
James Lee Peters (original):
Somateria spectabilis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Somateria spectabilis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria spectabilis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria spectabilis

Situació Taxonòmica:

Estatus de l'espècie: full species

Els vostres avistaments

Heu de tenir iniciat la sessió per veure els detalls d'observació. Per registrar-vos a myAvibase feu clic aquí .

Taxons relacionats

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Altres sinònims


Asturian: Éider real
Búlgar: Гребенчата гага
Català: Èider reial, Eùider reial
Valencian: Èider reial
Txec: Kajka královská
Gallès: Hwyaden fwythblu big-goch, Hwyaden fwythblu'r gogledd
Danès: Kongederfugl, Kongeedderfugl, Kongeederfugl
Alemany: Prachteiderente
Grec: Βασιλική Πουπουλόπαπια
Anglès: Crested Eider, King Eider
English, HBW: King Eider
English (IOC): King Eider
English (United States): King Eider
Esperanto: Re^ga molanaso, Reĝa molanaso
Espanyol: Eider Real, Éider real, Eidero rey
Spanish (Spain): Eider Real
Spanish (HBW): Eider real
Estonià: kuninghahk, Kuninghauk
Basc: Eider erregea, Èider reial
Finès: Kyhmyhaahka
Feroès: Æðukongur
Francès: Eider à tête grise, Eider remarquable, Eider royal
Irlandès: Éadar Taibhseach
Gallec: Éider real, Èider reial
Hebreu: אדרית מלכותית
Croat: Kraljevska gavka
Hongarès: Cifra pehelyréce
Islandès: Æðarkóngur
Italià: Re degli Edredoni
Inuktitut: Kingalik, Meetuk
Japonès: kewatagamo, Kewata-gamo
japonès: ケワタガモ
Japanese (Kanji): 毛綿鴨
Kazakh: Гага, Мамыққаз
Coreà: 호사북방오리
científic: Anas spectabilis, Somateria spectabilis
Lituà: Skiauteretoji gaga, Skiauterėtoji gaga
Letó: Krāšņā pūkpīle
Holandès: Koningseider, Koningseidereend
Noruec: Praktærfugl
Noruec: É-konge, Praktærfugl
Polonès: (edredon) turkan, edredon turkan, turkan
Pinyin: wáng róng-yā
Portuguès: Eider-de-lunetas, Eider-real, Êider-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Êider-real
Rus: Gaga-grebyonushka, Гага-гребенушка
Northern Sami: Áhpehávda
Eslovac: kajka hrbozobá, kajka kráľovská
Eslovè: pisana gaga
Serbi: Kraljevska gavka
Suec: Praktejder
Turc: Süslü Pufla
Ucraïnès: Пухівка горбатодзьоба
Xinès: [wang rong-ya], 王绒鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 小絨鴨, 王絨鴨

Avibase ha rebut 324.076.422 visites des del 24 de juny de 2003. © Denis Lepage | normes de confidencialitat La traducció i adaptació d'aquesta pàgina al català ha sigut realitzada per Joan Carles Fernández-Ordóñez