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Sandwich Tern

Thalasseus sandvicensis (Latham, 1787)

The Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis, syn. Sterna sandvicensis) is a seabird of the tern family Sternidae. It is very closely related to the Lesser Crested Tern T. bengalensis, Chinese Crested Tern T. bernsteini, and Elegant Tern T. elegans, and has been known to interbreed with Lesser Crested. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Thalasseus

Scientific:
  Thalasseus sandvicensis

Citation:
  (Latham, 1787)

Reference:
  Gen.Syn.BirdsSuppl. p.296

Protonym:
  Sterna Sandvicensis

Avibase ID:
  04B49AE78FFF9B68

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/04B49AE7

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176932

Geographic range:

  • Thalasseus sandvicensis: Europe to Caspian Sea; winters to S Africa, India, Sri Lanka
English:
Sandwich Tern
Czech:
rybák severní
German:
Brandseeschwalbe
Danish:
Splitterne
Spanish:
Charrán patinegro
Finnish:
riuttatiira
French:
Sterne caugek
Icelandic:
Þaraþerna
Italian:
Beccapesci
Japanese:
sandoitchi aji-sashi
Japanese:
サンドイッチアジサシ
Dutch:
Grote Stern
Norwegian:
Splitterne
Polish:
rybitwa czubata
Portuguese:
trinta-réis-de-bando
Portuguese (Brazil):
trinta-réis-de-bando
Russian:
Пестроносая крачка
Slovak:
rybár sivý
Swedish:
kentsk tärna
Ukrainian:
Крячок рябодзьобий
Chinese:
白嘴端凤头燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 1.52:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 1.53:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 1.54:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 1.55:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 2015:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 2016:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 2017:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 2018:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
eBird version 2019:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
James Lee Peters (original):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus sandvicensis [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Thalasseus [sandvicensis or acuflavidus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Grootseeswael , Grootseeswael (Grootsterretjie)
Arabic: خرشنة الساندويش
Asturian: Chirri
Azerbaijani: Alaburun sterna
Belarusian: Крычка пярэстаносая, Пярэстаносая крычка
Bulgarian: Гривеста рибарка, Гривеста рибарка (ssp. sandvicensis)
Bengali: স্যান্ডউইচ পানচিল
Breton: Ar skravig-kuchenn
Catalan: Xatrac becllarg
Catalan (Balears): Llambritja de bec llarg
Montenegrin: dugokljuna čigra
Czech: rybák severní, rybák severní evropský
Welsh: Morwennol bigddu
Danish: Splitterne, Splitterne (Eurasik)
German: Brandseeschwalbe, Brandseeschwalbe (sandvicensis), Brandseeschwalbe-sandvicensis
Greek: Χειμωνογλάρονο
Greek (Cypriot): Χειμωνογλάρονο
English: Eurasian Sandwich Tern, Sandwich Tern, Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
English (IOC): Sandwich Tern
English (Kenya): Sandwich Tern
Esperanto: blanka ^sterno
Spanish: Charrán de Sandwich (sandvicensis), Charrán Patinegro, Gaviotín de Sandwich, Gaviotín Pico Amarillo o Gaviotín Brasilero ???
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín pico negro
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín de Sandwich
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Patinegro
Spanish (Costa Rica): Pagaza puntiamarilla
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviota de Sandwich
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Piconegro
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Patinegro, Charrán Patinegro (sandvicensis)
Spanish (HBW): Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina sandwiche
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán de Sandwich, Charrán de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Puntiamarillo, Gaviotín Puntiamarillo (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín de Pata Negra
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Charrán Piquiagudo
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Pico Amarillo o Gaviotín Brasilero ???
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Patinegra
Estonian: Tutt-tiir
Basque: Txenada hankabeltza
Persian: پرستودریایی کاکلی تُک‌زرد , پرستودریایی کاکلی تُک‌زرد (بدصدا)
Finnish: riuttatiira
Faroese: Faksaterna
French: Sterne caugek, Sterne caugek (nominal), Sterne caugek (nominale), Sterne caugek (race nominale), Sterne caugek (sandvicensis)
Irish: Geabhróg Scothdhubh
Gaelic: Steàrnag Mhòr
Galician: Carrán cristado
Haitian Creole French: Mòv kojèk
Hebrew: שחפית סנדוויץ', שחפית שחורת-מקור (אירואסייתית)
Croatian: Dugokljuna Čigra, Dugokljuna čigra (euroazijska)
Hungarian: kenti csér, Kenti csér (Eurázsiai)
Armenian: Սպիտակաքիթ ջրածիծառ
Icelandic: Þaraþerna
Italian: Beccapesci
Japanese: sandoitchi aji-sashi, sandoitchiajisashi (sandvicensis)
Japanese: サンドイッチアジサシ, サンドイッチアジサシ (sandvicensis)
Japanese (Kanji): サンドイッチ鯵刺
Georgian: ჭრელნისკარტა თევზიყლაპია
Kazakh: Айдарлы қарқылдақ
Cornish: Morwennol penvagas
Scientific: Sterna sandvicensis, Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis, Thalasseus sandvicensis, Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis
Luxembourgish: Mierséischmuewel
Lithuanian: Margasnapė žuvėdra
Latvian: Cekulzīriņš, Cekulzīriņš (sandvicensis)
Macedonian: Вртимушка
Malayalam: കടലുണ്ടി ആള
Moldavian: Chiră de mare
Maltese: Ċirlewwa tax-Xitwa
Dutch: Grote Stern, Grote Stern (sandvicensis)
Norwegian: Splitterne, splitterne (sandvicensis)
Polish: rybitwa czubata, rybitwa czubata (ssp. sandvicensis)
Pinyin: bái-zuǐ duān fèng-tóu yàn-ōu, bái-zuǐ duān yàn-ōu
Portuguese: garajau, trinta-réis-de-bando, Trinta-réis-de-bando / Garajau
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-de-bando, trinta-réis-de-bando (sandvicensis)
Portuguese (Portugal): Garajau-de-bico-preto, Garajau-de-bico-preto (sandvicensis)
Romansh: Pestgarel piclapeschs
Romanian: Chiră de mare
Russian: Крачка пестроносая, Пестроносая крачка, Пестроносая крачка (подвид sandvicensis), Пестроносая чайка
Sindhi: د شَٕ ىً اٍي يي ٽبٽڄي سُټ ىٍُ )ثيٝيا
Slovak: rybár sivý
Slovenian: kricava cigra, kričava čigra
Albanian: Sterni dimërak
Serbian: dugokljuna čigra
Swedish: Kentsk tärna
Swahili: Shakwe Domo-rangimbili
Turkish: Kara Gagalı Sumru, Kara Gagalı Sumru (sandvicensis)
Ukrainian: Крячок рябодзьобий, Крячок рябодзьобий (підвид sandvicensis)
Chinese: 白嘴端凤头燕鸥, 白嘴端凤头鸥, 白嘴端燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 白嘴端燕鷗, 白嘴端鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白嘴端燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 白嘴端燕鸥

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