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Sandwich Tern

Thalasseus sandvicensis (Latham, J 1787)

The Sandwich tern is a tern in the family Laridae. It is very closely related to the lesser crested tern, Chinese crested tern, Cabot's tern, and elegant tern and has been known to interbreed with the lesser crested. It breeds in the Palearctic from Europe to the Caspian Sea wintering to South Africa, India and Sri Lanka. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Thalasseus
Scientific:
  Thalasseus sandvicensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Latham, J 1787)

Reference:
   General Synops. Birds Suppl.

Protonym:
  Sterna sandvicensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33046895


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  04B49AE78FFF9B68

Avibase ID:
  avibase-04B49AE7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/04B49AE7


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176932

Geographic range:

  • Thalasseus sandvicensis: Europe to Caspian Sea; winters to S Africa, India, Sri Lanka
English:
Sandwich Tern
Catalan:
xatrac becllarg
Czech:
rybák severní
Danish:
Splitterne
German:
Brandseeschwalbe
Spanish:
Charrán patinegro
Finnish:
riuttatiira
French:
Sterne caugek
Croatian:
dugokljuna čigra
Hungarian:
kenti csér
Icelandic:
Þaraþerna
Italian:
Beccapesci
Japanese (romaji):
sandoitchi aji-sashi
Japanese:
サンドイッチアジサシ
Lithuanian:
margasnapė žuvėdra
Dutch:
Grote Stern
Norwegian:
Splitterne
Polish:
rybitwa czubata
Portuguese:
garajau
Russian:
Пестроносая крачка
Slovak:
rybár sivý
Serbian:
Dugokljuna čigra
Swedish:
kentsk tärna
Ukrainian:
крячок рябодзьобий
Chinese:
白嘴端凤头燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
白嘴端鳳頭燕鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian) ( Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Sandwich Tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis) [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus sandvicensis [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Thalasseus [sandvicensis or acuflavidus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Grootseeswael , Grootseeswael (Grootsterretjie), Grootsterretjie, Grootsterretjie (Eurasiese)
Arabic: خرشنة الساندويش, خرشنة سندويتشية (اوراسية)
Asturian: Chirri, Garrochín crestudu (sandvicensis)
Azerbaijani: Alaburun sterna, Alaburun susüpürən (sandvicensis yarımnövü), alaburun susüpürəni, aladimdik sterna, əlvanburun susüpürən, əlvandimdikli su qaranquşu
Belarusian: Крычка пярэстаносая, Пярэстаносая крычка
Bulgarian: Гривеста рибарка, Гривеста рибарка (ssp. sandvicensis)
Bengali: ঳যােিঈিআচ ঩ানচচর , স্যান্ডউইচ পানচিল
Bengali (transliteration): syānḍa'u'ica pānacila
Breton: Ar skravig-kuchenn, Skrav-kuchenn
Catalan: Xatrac becllarg, Xatrac becllarg (sandvicensis)
Catalan (Balears): Llambritja de bec llarg
Montenegrin: dugokljuna čigra, дугокљуна чигра
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): дугокљуна чигра
Czech: rybák severní, rybák severní (ssp. sandvicensis), rybák severní evropský
Welsh: Morwennol bigddu, Môr-wennol bigddu
Danish: Splitterne, Splitterne (Eurasik), Splitterne, Almindelig (ssp. sandvicensis)
German: Brandseeschwalbe, Brandseeschwalbe (sandvicensis), Brandseeschwalbe-sandvicensis
Greek: Χειμωvoγλάρovo, Χειμωνογλάρονο, Χειμωνογλάρονο (sandvicensis)
Greek (Cypriot): Χειμωνογλάρονο
English: Eurasian Sandwich Tern, Sandwich Tern, Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
English, HBW: Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
English (IOC): Sandwich Tern
English (Kenya): Sandwich Tern
English (United States): Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
Esperanto: Blanka ŝterno, Sandviĉa ŝterno
Spanish: Charrán de Sandwich (sandvicensis), Charrán Patinegro, Charrán Patinegro (euroasiático), Gaviotín de Sandwich, Gaviotín Pico Amarillo o Gaviotín Brasilero ???
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín Pico Amarillo (sandvicensis), Gaviotín pico negro
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín de Sandwich, Gaviotín de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Patinegro
Spanish (Costa Rica): Pagaza puntiamarilla, Pagaza Puntiamarilla (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviota de Sandwich, Gaviota de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Piconegro
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Patinegro, Charrán patinegro (euroasiático), Charrán Patinegro (sandvicensis)
Spanish (HBW): Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina sandwiche
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán de Sandwich, Charrán de Sandwich (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Puntiamarillo, Gaviotín Puntiamarillo (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín de Pata Negra, Gaviotín de Pata Negra (sandvicensis)
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Charrán Piquiagudo
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Pico Amarillo (Subesp. sandvicensis), Gaviotín Pico Amarillo o Gaviotín Brasilero ???
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Patinegra
Estonian: Tutt-tiir
Basque: Txenada hankabeltz, Txenada hankabeltza, Txenada hankabeltza (sandvicensis)
Persian: پرستو دریایی کاکلی تُک ‌زرد (sandvicensis), پرستودریایی کاکلی تُک‌زرد , پرستودریایی کاکلی تُک‌زرد (بدصدا)
Finnish: riuttatiira, riuttatiira (sandvicensis)
Faroese: Faksaterna, Faksaterna (sandvicensis)
French: Sterne caugek, Sterne caugek (nominal), Sterne caugek (nominale), Sterne caugek (race nominale), Sterne caugek (sandvicensis)
Frisian: Klikstirns
Irish: Geabhróg Scothdhubh
Gaelic: Steàrnag Mhòr, Steàrnan mòr
Galician: Carrán cristado, Carrán cristado (sandvicensis)
Manx: Sternag mooar
Haitian Creole French: Mòv kojèk
Hebrew: שחפית סנדוויץ', שחפית שחורת-מקור (אירואסייתית)
Croatian: Dugokljuna Čigra, Dugokljuna čigra (euroazijska)
Hungarian: kenti csér, Kenti csér (Eurázsiai)
Armenian: Սպիտակաքիթ ջրածիծառ, Սպիտակաքիթ ջրածիծառ (Եվրասիական)
Icelandic: Þaraþerna, Þaraþerna (sandvicensis)
Italian: Beccapesci, Beccapesci (sandvicensis)
Japanese (romaji): sandoitchi aji-sashi, sandoitchiajisashi (sandvicensis)
Japanese: サンドイッチアジサシ, サンドイッチアジサシ (sandvicensis), サンドイッチアジサシ(sandvicensis)
Japanese (Kanji): サンドイッチ鯵刺
Georgian: ჭრელნისკარტა თევზიყლაპია
Kazakh: Айдарлы қарқылдақ, айдарлы қырқылдақ, алатұмсықты қарқылдақ шағала
Cornish: Morwennol penvagas
Kirghiz: ала тумшук чабакчыл
Scientific: Sterna boysii, Sterna cantiaca, Sterna sandvicensis, Sterna sandvicensis, Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis, Thalasseus sandvicensis, Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis
Luxembourgish: Brandséischmuewel, Mierséischmuewel
Lithuanian: Margasnapė žuvėdra, Margasnapė žuvėdra (sandvicensis)
Latvian: Cekulzīriņš, Cekulzīriņš (sandvicensis)
Macedonian: Вртимушка, Тенкоклуна чигра
Malayalam: കടലുണ്ടി ആള
Moldavian: Chiră de mare
Maltese: Ċirlewwa tax-Xitwa
Dutch: Grote Stern, Grote Stern (sandvicensis)
Norwegian: Splitterne, splitterne (sandvicensis)
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): lapinčiirakko
Polish: rybitwa czubata, rybitwa czubata (sandvicensis), rybitwa czubata (ssp. sandvicensis)
Pinyin: bái-zuǐ duān fèng-tóu yàn-ōu, bái-zuǐ duān yàn-ōu
Portuguese: garajau, Garajau(-comum), trinta-réis-de-bando, Trinta-réis-de-bando / Garajau
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-de-bando, trinta-réis-de-bando (sandvicensis)
Portuguese (Portugal): garajau-comum (sandvicensis), Garajau-de-bico-preto, Garajau-de-bico-preto (sandvicensis)
Romansh: Pestgarel piclapeschs
Rhaeto-Romance: Pestgarel piclapeschs
Romanian: Chiră de mare
Russian: Крачка пестроносая, Пестроносая крачка, Пестроносая крачка (sandvicensis), Пестроносая крачка (подвид sandvicensis), Пестроносая чайка
Northern Sami: Riddočearret
Slovak: rybár sivý, rybár sivý (skup.)
Slovenian: kricava cigra, kričava čigra, Kričava čigra (sandvicensis)
Albanian: Sterni dimërak
Serbian: dugokljuna čigra, Dugokljuna čigra (sandvicensis)
Swedish: Kentsk tärna
Swahili: Shakwe Domo-rangimbili
Turkmen: alaburun çerik
Turkish: Kara Gagalı Sumru, Kara Gagalı Sumru (sandvicensis), Karagagalı sumru
Ukrainian: Крячок рябодзьобий, Крячок рябодзьобий (підвид sandvicensis)
Kalmyk: алг хоңшарта харлла
Chinese: 白嘴端凤头燕鸥, 白嘴端凤头燕鸥(欧亚), 白嘴端凤头鸥, 白嘴端燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 白嘴端燕鷗, 白嘴端燕鷗(sandvicensis), 白嘴端鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白嘴端燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 白嘴端燕鸥

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