Welcome Guest

Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima (Brünnich, 1764)

Related taxa:
Life history data
Download as CSV | JSON
Species distribution
Geographical range
Value: Vagrant: Morocco, Azores.
Source: africanbirdclub.org
Value: Breeds in Arctic America from Melville Island and EUesmere Island south to the Melville Peninsula and Baffin Island; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes; arctic coasts of northern Europe and Asia from northern Scandi- navia to the Taimyr Peninsula; Spitsbergen; Novaya Zemlya; Franz Josef Land. Winters on the western coasts of the Atlantic from southern Greenland to Long Island; in Iceland; in western Europe on the British Isles, and shores of the Baltic and North Seas.
Source: Peter's Checklist of the Birds of the World
Maximum latitude of breeding range
Value: 81.86
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Minimum latitude of breeding range
Value: 58.68
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Centroid latitude
Value: 70.81
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Centroid longitude
Value: -6.75
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Migration strategy
Value: Migratory
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Total range size
Value: 2008818.99
Units: km2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Realm
Value: Nearctic
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Range and population size
Has restricted range?
Value: N
Source: Birdlife's Worldbird Database
Habitat
Habitat density (1-3)
Value: Open habitats
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Habitat description
Value: Tundra, especially rocky ridges and barren coastal beaches(breeding); rocky seacoasts and jetties; inland migrants (rare) usually along rocky shores of large inland bodies of water (nonbreeding).
Source: AOU Checklist
Value: Grassland
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: tundra, moors, heath, barren flats, migrn rocky coast, lake shores
Source: Sibley 1996
Food and feeding habits
Foraging niche
Value: Aquatic ground
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Trophic level
Value: Carnivore
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Carnivore
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Trophic niche
Value: Aquatic predator
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Aquatic predator
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body measurements
Bill depth (females)
Value: 0.5
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (males)
Value: 0.486
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (sex unknown)
Value: 0.4944
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (females) - Culmen
Value: 3.2
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 3.43333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (males) - Culmen
Value: 2.75
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 3.181
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (females) - Nares to tip
Value: 2.56
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (males) - Nares to tip
Value: 2.39
Units: cm
Sample: 1
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Nares to tip
Value: 2.5175
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Culmen
Value: 3.3324
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (females)
Value: 0.39
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (males)
Value: 0.35
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (sex unknown)
Value: 0.374
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body mass
Value: 69.475
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Value: 65.1
Units: g
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body mass (females)
Value: 76.3
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 74.9
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Hatchling body mass
Value: 9.05
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Body mass (males)
Value: 67.6
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 67
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Body mass (sex unknown)
Value: 69
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Tail length (females)
Value: 5.8
Units: cm
Sample: 13
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 5.43333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tail length (males)
Value: 5.62
Units: cm
Sample: 14
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 5.7
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tail length (sex unknown)
Value: 5.54
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (females)
Value: 2.31
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 2.17
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (males)
Value: 2.23
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 2.2205
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (sex unknown)
Value: 2.1902
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females)
Value: 13.2
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 12.0667
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (females)
Value: 60.3333
Units: %
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (males)
Value: 58
Units: %
Sample: 1
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (unknown)
Value: 59.75
Units: %
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (females)
Value: 6.03333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (males)
Value: 6.3
Units: cm
Sample: 1
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (unknown)
Value: 6.1
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males)
Value: 12.7
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 12.15
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females) - secondary1
Value: 6.03333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males) - secondary1
Value: 5.8
Units: cm
Sample: 1
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (unknown) - secondary1
Value: 5.975
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (sex unknown)
Value: 12.1
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Eggs
Egg mass
Value: 13.3
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 13.3
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Reproduction
Age at first breeding (females)
Value: 3
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Age at first breeding (males)
Value: 3
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Clutch size
Value: 3-4
Source: http://www.birdzilla.com
Value: 3.87
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 4
Units: n
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Mating displays
Value: both ground and non-acrobatic flight displays
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Fledging period
Value: 21
Source: http://www.birdzilla.com
Value: 21
Units: days
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Number of breeding attempts per year
Value: 1
Units: n/year
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Incubation period
Value: 21-22
Source: http://www.birdzilla.com
Value: 21.75
Units: days
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Mate resource sharing
Value: males and females share resources on their territory only during the breeding season
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Reproductive system
Value: monogamy (<5% polygyny)
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Survival
Maximum age
Value: 20.75
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Average survival
Value: 20.35
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
References

Avibase has been visited 343,703,683 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy