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Green-backed Twinspot
Mandingoa nitidula (Hartlaub, 1865)
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Estrildidae
Genus:
  Mandingoa

Scientific:
  Mandingoa nitidula

Citation:
  (Hartlaub, 1865)

Reference:
  Ibis p.269

Protonym:
  Estrelda nitidula

Avibase ID:
  1A6B766AB53BFF02

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/1A6B766A

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 560985

Geographic range:

  • Mandingoa nitidula nitidula: Democratic Republic of the Congo, nw Zambia, s Malawi and cent. Mozambique to S Africa
  • Mandingoa nitidula chubbi: S Ethiopia to ne Zambia, n Malawi and n Mozambique
  • Mandingoa nitidula schlegeli: Sierra Leone to Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda
  • Mandingoa nitidula virginiae: Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Green-backed Twinspot
Czech:
  vločkovník zelenohřbetý
German:
  Tropfengrünastrild
Danish:
  Grøn Dråbeastrild
Spanish:
  Estrilda Verde
Finnish:
  vihertäpläpeippo
French:
  Astrild vert
Italian:
  Macchiettino dorsoverde
Japanese:
  otohimechou
Japanese:
  オトヒメチョウ
Dutch:
  Groene Druppelastrild
Norwegian:
  Grønnastrild
Polish:
  perlik
Portuguese:
  Pintadinha-verde
Russian:
  Зеленоспинный астрильд
Slovak:
  rytierik zelenochrbtý
Swedish:
  grön droppastrild
Chinese:
  绿背斑雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Sénégali vert ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Sénégali vert ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Green-backed Twin-spot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Green-backed Twin-spot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Green-backed Twin-spot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Green-backed Twin-spot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Green Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Mandingoa nitidula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Mandingoa nitidula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Mandingoa nitidula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Green-backed Twinspot ( Mandingoa nitidula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Mandingoa nitidula [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Mandingoa nitidula [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Groenkolpensie, Groenkolpensie (Groenrobbin)
Catalan: estrilda verda
Czech: Astrild zelenohrbetý, vločkovník zelenohřbetý
Danish: Grøn Dråbeastrild
German: Grüner Tropfenastrild, GrünerTropfenastrild, Grüntropfen-Astrild, Tropfengrünastrild
English: Green backed Twinspot, Green Twinspot, Green-backed Twinspot, Green-backed Twin-spot, Grenn-backed twin-spot
English (Kenya): Green-backed Twinspot
English (South Africa): Green Twinspot
Spanish: Estrilda Verde, Pinzón Dos Puntos de Lomo Verde
Spanish (Spain): Estrilda Verde
Estonian: rohe-täpikamadiin
Finnish: Vihertäpläpeippo
French: Astrild tacheté, Astrild vert, Astrild vert pointillé, Bengali vert tacheté, Sénégali vert, Sénégali vert pointillé, Sénégali vert tacheté
Hungarian: zöld pettyesasztrild
Italian: Macchiettino dorsoverde, Mandingo bimaculato
Japanese: otohimechou
Japanese: オトヒメチョウ
Latin: Estrelda nitidula, Hypargos nitidula, Mandingoa nitidula, Mandingoa nitidula nitidula
Lithuanian: Žalioji astrilda
Dutch: Groene Druppelastrild
Norwegian: Grønn dråpeastrild, Grønnastrild
Polish: perlik
Portuguese: Pintadinha-verde
Russian: Зеленоспинный астрильд, Зелёный астрильд
Slovak: rytierik zelenochrbtý
Swedish: Grön droppastrild
Swahili: Mtolondo-kanga Kijani
Chinese: 绿背斑雀
Chinese (Traditional): 綠背點斑雀

 

         

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