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Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird

Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus] (= Turdus merula) Linnaeus, 1758




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Turdidae
Genus:
  Turdus

Scientific:
  Turdus merula

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.170

Protonym:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/1BB50DE8

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: W-central China (Guizhou)
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: SW China (Sichuan)
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Show more...
English:
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
Czech:
kos černý
German:
Amsel
Danish:
Solsort
Spanish:
Mirlo Común
Finnish:
mustarastas
French:
Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Icelandic:
Svartþröstur
Italian:
Merlo
Japanese:
kuroutadori
Japanese:
クロウタドリ
Dutch:
Merel
Norwegian:
Svarttrost
Polish:
kos
Portuguese:
Melro-preto
Russian:
Чёрный дрозд
Slovak:
drozd čierny
Swedish:
Koltrast
Ukrainian:
Чорний дрізд
Chinese:
乌鸫


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Turdus merula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Turdus merula [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Other synonyms


Arabic: الشحرور
Asturian: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
Azerbaijani: Qara qaratoyuğu
Belarusian: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
Bulgarian: kos, Кос
Bengali: পাতি কালিদামা
Breton: Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
Catalan: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
Czech: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
Welsh: Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
Danish: Solsort
German: Amsel
Greek: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπουλλος
English: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
Esperanto: merlo
Spanish: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
Estonian: Musträstas
Basque: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
Finnish: Mustarastas, rastas
Faroese: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
French: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Friulian: mierli
Frisian: swarte lyster
Irish: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
Gaelic: Lon-Dubh
Galician: melro común, Merla , Merlo
Manx: lhondoo
Hebrew: שחרור
Croatian: Kos
Hungarian: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
Armenian: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
Icelandic: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
Italian: Merlo, Merlo comune
Japanese: kuro uta-dori, kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
Japanese: クロウタドリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒歌鳥
Georgian: შაშვი
Kazakh: Қара сайрақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara sayraq
Korean: 대륙검은지빠귀
Cornish: molgh dhu
Scientific: Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus], Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
Ladino: merlo
Luxembourgish: Märel
Lithuanian: juodasis strazdas
Latvian: melnais meža strazds
Macedonian: kos, кос, Ќос
Malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
Mongolian: Хар хөөндэй
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khööndei
Maltese: malvizz iswed
Dutch: Merel
Norwegian: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
Occitan: mèrle
Polish: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Pinyin: wū-dōng
Portuguese: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
Romanian: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
Russian: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Sardinian: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
Scots: lon dubh
Northern Sami: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
Slovak: drozd, Drozd čierny
Slovenian: kos
Albanian: mëllënja
Serbian: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
Swedish: Koltrast
Thai: นกเดินดงสีดำ
Turkmen: karatavuk
Turkish: Karatavuk, Қара сайрақ
Ukrainian: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
Chinese: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇
Chinese (Traditional): 烏鶇

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