Welcome Guest

Eurasian Great, Cinereous, Japanese or Turkestan Tit

Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis] (= Parus major) Linnaeus, C 1758

The great tit is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and east across the Palearctic to the Amur River, south to parts of North Africa where it is generally resident in any sort of woodland; most great tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters. Until 2005 this species was lumped with numerous other subspecies. DNA studies have shown these other subspecies to be distinct from the great tit and these have now been separated as two distinct species, the cinereous tit of southern Asia, and the Japanese tit of East Asia. The great tit remains the most widespread species in the genus Parus. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
   Parus
Scientific:
  Parus major


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.189

Protonym:
  Parus major

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727098


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  1FA195499B7B846B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-1FA19549

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/1FA19549


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 561864

Geographic range:

  • Parus major major: Europe to nw Iran, Siberia, Lake Baikal, Altai and Sayan mts.
  • Parus major [kapustini or bargaensis]: NW China (nw Xinjiang) to Mongolia and e Siberia
  • Parus major excelsus: NW Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Parus major corsus: Iberian Peninsula and Corsica
  • Parus major ecki: Sardinia
  • Parus major newtoni: British Isles
  • Parus major aphrodite: S Italy, Sicily, s Greece, Mediterranean islands and Cyprus
  • Parus major mallorcae: Balearic Islands
  • Parus major niethammeri: Crete
  • Parus major terraesanctae: NW Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
  • Parus major [blanfordi or karelini]: N Iraq and Iran
  • Parus major intermedius: NE Iran and adjacent sw Turkmenistan
  • Parus cinereus cinereus: Java and w Lesser Sundas
  • Parus cinereus caschmirensis: NE Afghanistan to n Pakistan and nw India
  • Parus cinereus decolorans: SE Afghanistan (east of Kabul and south of the Hindu Kush)
  • Parus cinereus ziaratensis: S Afghanistan to n Baluchistan and Pakistan
  • Parus cinereus mahrattarum: SW India (Kerala) and Sri Lanka
  • Parus cinereus stupae: Central and peninsular India
  • Parus cinereus nipalensis: N India to Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and w Myanmar
  • Parus cinereus vauriei: E Assam (Lakhimpur district) and e Arunachal Pradesh
  • Parus cinereus templorum: northeastern Thailand southeast to southern Laos, northern Cambodia, and southern Vietnam
  • Parus cinereus hainanus: Hainan (s China)
  • Parus cinereus ambiguus: SE Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Malaya and Sumatra
  • Parus cinereus sarawacensis: Borneo (w Sarawak)
  • Parus minor [minor, artatus, wladiwostokensis or kagoshimae]: SE Russia to Japan, Korea, sw China and e Tibet
  • Parus minor tibetanus: SW China to se Tibet; single record from Sikkim
  • Parus minor subtibetanus: S China to se Tibet and nw Myanmar
  • Parus minor nubicolus: SE Myanmar to n Thailand, n Laos and extreme w Tonkin
  • Parus minor dageletensis: Ullung I. (South Korea)
  • Parus minor amamiensis: N Ryukyu Islands (Amami-O-Shima and Tokuno-Shima)
  • Parus minor okinawae: Central Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa and Yagachi)
  • Parus minor commixtus: southern China (south of the Yangtze) to Hong Kong central Vietnam (eastern Tonkin and coastal central Annam)
  • Parus minor nigriloris: S Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki and Iriomote)
  • Parus bokharensis bokharensis: Russia to Tien Shan and Karatau mts. and nw Afghanistan
  • Parus bokharensis [turkestanicus, dzungaricus or iliensis]: Lake Balkhash to w China (Xinjiang) and sw Mongolia
  • Parus bokharensis ferghanensis: S Kirgiz and w Tien Shan mts. to w Pamirs and Turkestan
  • Show more...
English:
Eurasian Great, Cinereous, Japanese or Turkestan Tit
French:
Mésange charbonnière, M. indienne, M. de Chine ou M. du Turkestan


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian Great, Cinereous, Japanese or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis])
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Arabic: القرقف الكبير
Asturian: Veranín
Azerbaijani: Iri arıquşu
Belarusian: Вялікая сініца
Bulgarian: Голям симигер
Bengali: বড় তিত
Breton: Ar pennglaou
Catalan: Mallerenga carbonera
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Czech: sýkora koňadra
Chuvash: Кăсăя
Welsh: Titw mawr
Danish: Musvit
German: Kohlmeise
Greek: Καλόγερος
English: Eurasian Great, Cinereous, Japanese or Turkestan Tit, Great or Turkestan Tit, Great Tit, Intermediate Tit
Esperanto: granda paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Común
Estonian: Rasvatihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz handia
Finnish: talitiainen
Faroese: Stórtita
French: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière ou M. du Turkestan, Mésange charbonnière, M. indienne, M. de Chine ou M. du Turkestan
Frisian: blokfink
Irish: Meantán Mór
Gaelic: Currac Bhain Tighearna
Galician: Ferreiriño real
Manx: Drean Mooar
Hebrew: ירגזי
Croatian: Velika Sjenica
Hungarian: Széncinege
Armenian: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ
Indonesian: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu
Icelandic: Flotmeisa
Italian: Cinciallegra
Japanese (romaji): shijū-kara
Japanese: シジュウカラ
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
Georgian: დიდი წივწივა, დიდი წიწკანა
Khakas: Кöгiзек
Kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
Korean: 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
Cornish: Penglow bras
Scientific: Parus [major or bokharensis], Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis], Parus cinereus, Parus cinereus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major major
Luxembourgish: Schielmees
Limburgish: Zjwartkop
Lithuanian: Didžioji zyle
Latvian: Lielā zīlīte
Macedonian: Голема сипка
Malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
Mongolian: Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
Malay: Burung Serai Bakau
Maltese: Fjorentin
Nepali: चिचिल्कोटे
Dutch: Koolmees
Norwegian: Kjøttmeis
Polish: bogatka, bogatka (zwyczajna)
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
Portuguese: Chapim-real
Romansh: Maset grond
Romanian: Pițigoi mare
Russian: Большая синица
Sardinian: Acutzaferru
Scots: Currac bhain tighearna
Northern Sami: Buoidegaccet
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Maha Tikiriththa
Slovak: sýkorka veľká
Slovenian: velika sinica
Albanian: Trishtili i madh
Serbian: velika sjenica
Swedish: Talgoxe
Thai: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
Turkish: Büyük Baştankara, Сарыбауыр шымшық
Tuvinian: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
Ukrainian: Велика синиця
Vietnamese: Chim Bạc má
Chinese: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白颊山雀

Avibase has been visited 348,634,881 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy