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Common Scoter

Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra) is a large sea duck, 43–54 cm in length, which breeds over the far north of Europe and Asia east to the Olenyok River. The American/E Siberian M. americana (Black Scoter) is sometimes considered a subspecies of M. nigra. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Melanitta

Scientific:
  Melanitta nigra

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas nigra

Avibase ID:
  246981996A4998ED

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/24698199

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175171

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta nigra: N Eurasia; winters w Europe to Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
English:
Common Scoter
Czech:
turpan černý
German:
Trauerente
Danish:
Sortand
Spanish:
Negrón común
Finnish:
mustalintu
French:
Macreuse noire
Icelandic:
Hrafnsönd
Italian:
Orchetto marino
Japanese:
yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese:
ヨーロッパクロガモ
Dutch:
Zwarte Zee-eend
Norwegian:
Svartand
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartand
Polish:
markaczka
Portuguese:
Pato-preto
Russian:
Синьга
Slovak:
turpan čierny
Swedish:
sjöorre
Ukrainian:
Синьга
Chinese:
黑海番鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Scoter (Eurasian) ( Melanitta nigra nigra)
eBird version 1.52:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Asturian: Coríu Moru, Coríu Prietu
Azerbaijani: Qara qılquyruq, Sinqə
Belarusian: Нырок-сiньга, Нырок-сіньга
Bulgarian: Траурна потапница
Breton: An duanenn boutin
Catalan: Ànec negre, Ànec negre comú, Ànnera negra, Morell de mar negre
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera negra
Valencian: Morell de mar negre
Montenegrin: crna turpan
Czech: dř. kachna černá, Kachna černá, Turpan cerný, Turpan černý
Welsh: For hwyad ddu, Hwyaden ddu, Môr-hwyaden America, Môr-hwyaden ddu
Danish: Sortand
German: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifische Trauerente, Trauerente
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπαπια
English: Black Scoter, Black Scoter (Eurasian), Common Scoter, European Common Scoter
English (IOC): Common Scoter
Esperanto: Nigra maranaso
Spanish: Negrón Común
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Común
Spanish (HBW): Negrón común
Spanish (Mexico): negreta negra
Estonian: Mustvaeras
Basque: Ahatebeltz, Ahatebeltz arrunta, Ànec negre
Persian: اسکوتر سیاه , اسکوتر سیاه (اردک سیاه)
Finnish: Mustalintu
Faroese: Kolont
French: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse noire
French (Canada): Macreuse noire d'Eurasie
Irish: Scótar, scótar dubh
Gaelic: Lach Bheag Dhubh, Tunnag Dhubh
Galician: Ànec negre, Pentumeiro
Manx: Thunnag ghob chrottagh
Hebrew: קטיפנית שחורה
Croatian: Crna patka
Hungarian: Fekete réce, Feketeréce
Armenian: Սև տուրպան
Icelandic: Hrafnsönd
Italian: Orchetto marino
Japanese: Kuro-gamo, Kuro-tori, yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese: クロガモ, クロトリ, ヨーロッパクロガモ
Georgian: ჩვეულებრივი გარიელა
Kazakh: Қара тұрпан
Korean: 검둥오리
Cornish: Mor-hos du
Scientific: Anas nigra, Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra nigra, Oidemia nigra nigra
Luxembourgish: Schwaarz Mierint
Lithuanian: Juodoji antis
Latvian: Jūras teteris, Melnā pīle, Melnā tumšpīle
Maltese: Borka Sewda
Dutch: Zwarte Zee-Eend, Zwarte zeeëend, Zwarte Zeeend, Zwarte Zeeüend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartand
Norwegian: Svartand
Polish: markaczka, markaczka (zwyczajna), Markaczka amerykańska, markaczka zwyczajna
Portuguese: Negrola, pato negro, Pato-negro, Pato-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-comum
Romansh: anda naira
Romanian: Rață negricioasă
Russian: Cиньга, Синьга, Синьга обыкновенная, Синьга турпан, черный турпан
Scots: Lach bheag dhub
Sindhi: إ پ سً ا يٌٓ )ا ىٍٻ ا يٌٓ(
Northern Sami: Njurgu
Slovak: Turpan čierny
Slovenian: crna raca, črna raca
Albanian: Rosa e zezë
Serbian: Crna plovka, crni turpan, turpan, Турпан, Црна пловка
Swedish: Sjöorre
Turkish: Kara ördek
Ukrainian: Синьга
Chinese: [hei hai-fan-ya], 普通海番鸭, 黑海帆鸭, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 黑海番鴨, 黑海番鴨〔普通海番鴨〕

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