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Hawaiian Crow

Corvus hawaiiensis Peale, TR 1849

The Hawaiian crow or ʻalalā is a species of bird in the crow family, Corvidae, that is currently extinct in the wild, though reintroduction programs are underway. It is about the size of the carrion crow at 48–50 cm (19–20 in) in length, but with more rounded wings and a much thicker bill. It has soft, brownish-black plumage and long, bristly throat feathers; the feet, legs and bill are black. Today, the Hawaiian crow is considered the most endangered of the family Corvidae. They are recorded to have lived up to 18 years in the wild, and 28 years in captivity. Some Native Hawaiians consider the Hawaiian crow an ʻaumakua. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Corvidae
Genus:
   Corvus
Scientific:
  Corvus hawaiiensis


Original description

Citation:
  Peale, TR 1849

Reference:
   U.S. Explor. Exped. [Wilkes] 8 p.106

Imprint year:
  1848

Protonym:
  Corvus hawaiiensis


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2CDECD36D1A0E5F3

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2CDECD36

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2CDECD36


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 179742


EXTINCT IN THE WILD

Geographic range:

  • Corvus hawaiiensis: Montane forests of Hawaii (on verge of extinction)
English:
Hawaiian Crow
Catalan:
corb de Hawaii
Czech:
vrána havajská
Danish:
Hawaiikrage
German:
Hawaiikrähe
Spanish:
Cuervo Hawaiano
Spanish (Spain):
Cuervo Hawaiano
Finnish:
havaijinvaris
French:
Corneille d'Hawaï
Croatian:
havajska vrana
Hungarian:
hawaii holló
Italian:
Corvo delle Hawaii
Japanese (romaji):
hawaigarasu
Japanese:
ハワイガラス
Lithuanian:
Havajinė varna
Dutch:
Hawaiikraai
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Hawaiikråke
Norwegian:
Hawaiikråke
Polish:
wrona ogorzała
Portuguese:
Corvo-do-hawaii
Russian:
Гавайская ворона
Slovak:
vrana havajská
Serbian:
Havajska vrana
Swedish:
hawaiikråka
Ukrainian:
Крук гавайський
Chinese:
夏威夷乌鸦
Chinese (Traditional):
夏威夷鴉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus tropicus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Corneille d'Hawaï ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Corneille d'Hawaï ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 1st edition:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus tropicus)
Clements, version 2021:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 3rd edition:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus tropicus)
Clements 4th edition:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements, version 2015:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements, version 2016:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements, version 2017:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements, version 2018:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Clements, version 2019:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 1.50:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 1.52:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 1.53:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 1.54:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 1.55:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2015:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2016:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2017:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2018:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2019:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
eBird version 2021:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Corvus tropicus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Corvus tropicus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Corvus tropicus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Hawaiian Crow ( Corvus hawaiiensis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Corvus hawaiiensis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Corvus hawaiiensis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Havay quzğunu
Catalan: corb de Hawaii
Czech: Vrána havajská
Danish: Hawaiikrage
German: Hawaiikrähe
English: Alala, 'alala, Hawaiian Crow
English (Hawaii): ʻAlalā - Hawaiian Crow
English, HBW: Hawaiian Crow
English, Hawaii: ʻAlalā - Hawaiian Crow
English (IOC): Hawaiian Crow
English (United States): Hawaiian Crow
Esperanto: Havaja korvo
Spanish: Cuervo Hawaiano
Spanish (Spain): Cuervo Hawaiano
Spanish (HBW): Hawaiian Crow
Estonian: havai vares
Finnish: Havaijinvaris
French: Corbeau de Hawaï, Corneille d’Hawaï, Corneille d'Hawaï
Hawaiian: 'Alala, 'Alalā
Croatian: havajska vrana
Hungarian: hawaii holló
Italian: Corvo delle Hawaii
Japanese (romaji): hawaigarasu
Japanese: ハワイガラス
Kirghiz: Гавайя кузгуну
Scientific: Corvus hawaiiensis, Corvus tropicus
Lithuanian: Havajinė varna
Dutch: Hawaiikraai, Hawaii-kraai
Norwegian Nynorsk: Hawaiikråke
Norwegian: Hawaiikråke
Polish: kruk ogorzaly, kruk ogorzały, wrona ogorzała
Portuguese: Corvo-do-hawaii
Portuguese (Portugal): gralha-havaiana
Russian: Гавайская ворона, Гавайский ворон
Slovak: vrana havajská
Serbian: Havajska vrana
Swedish: Hawaiikråka
Turkish: Hawaii kargası
Tatar: Гавай козгыны
Ukrainian: Крук гавайський
Chinese: 夏威夷乌鸦
Chinese (Traditional): 夏威夷鴉

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