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Wood or Siberian Nuthatch

Sitta [europaea or arctica] (= Sitta europaea) Linnaeus, 1758

Related taxa:
Life history data
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Species distribution
Geographical range
Value: Resident, mature woods in mts: Atlas Mts in Morocco.
Source: africanbirdclub.org
Value: Europe: widespread
Source: IOC 1.05
Migration strategy
Value: Sedentary
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Realm
Value: Palearctic
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Range and population size
Has restricted range?
Value: N
Source: Birdlife's Worldbird Database
Habitat
Habitat density (1-3)
Value: Dense habitats
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Habitat description
Value: Forest
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: forest, woodland, towns
Source: Sibley 1996
Food and feeding habits
Foraging niche
Value: Invertivore bark
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Trophic level
Value: Carnivore
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Carnivore
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Trophic niche
Value: Invertivore
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Invertivore
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body measurements
Bill depth (females)
Value: 0.45
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (males)
Value: 0.461667
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (sex unknown)
Value: 0.457
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (females) - Culmen
Value: 2.088
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 1.9
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Bill length (males) - Culmen
Value: 2.09117
Units: cm
Sample: 6
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 1.9
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Bill length (females) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.315
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (males) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.41
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.3625
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Culmen
Value: 2.08973
Units: cm
Sample: 11
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (females)
Value: 0.49
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (males)
Value: 0.476333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (sex unknown)
Value: 0.4818
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body mass
Value: 20.4
Units: g
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body mass (females)
Value: 23.5
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Body mass (males)
Value: 24.3
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Tail length (females)
Value: 4.675
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 4.49
Units: cm
Sample: 17
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Tail length (males)
Value: 4.675
Units: cm
Sample: 6
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 4.63
Units: cm
Sample: 16
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Tail length (sex unknown)
Value: 4.675
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (females)
Value: 1.9875
Units: cm
Sample: 4
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 1.83
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Tarsus length (males)
Value: 1.82
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 2.0495
Units: cm
Sample: 6
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (sex unknown)
Value: 2.0247
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females)
Value: 8.64
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 8.42
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (females)
Value: 64.11
Units: %
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (males)
Value: 65.9444
Units: %
Sample: 9
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (unknown)
Value: 64.9789
Units: %
Sample: 19
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (females)
Value: 2.009
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (males)
Value: 2.04444
Units: cm
Sample: 9
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (unknown)
Value: 2.02579
Units: cm
Sample: 19
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males)
Value: 8.86
Units: cm
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Value: 8.655
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females) - secondary1
Value: 6.411
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males) - secondary1
Value: 6.59444
Units: cm
Sample: 9
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (unknown) - secondary1
Value: 6.49789
Units: cm
Sample: 19
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (sex unknown)
Value: 8.5375
Units: cm
Sample: 20
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Eggs
Egg mass
Value: 2.25
Units: grams
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Reproduction
Clutch size
Value: 8.3
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Mating displays
Value: mainly aerial displays, non-acrobatic
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
Mate resource sharing
Value: males and females share resources on their territory all year round.
Source: Lisleland et al. 2007
References

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