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Eurasian Tree-Creeper

Certhia familiaris Linnaeus, 1758

Related taxa:
Life history data
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Species distribution
Geographical range
Value: Palearctic: widespread
Source: IOC 12.1
Maximum latitude of breeding range
Value: 70.4
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Minimum latitude of breeding range
Value: 31.81
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Centroid latitude
Value: 51.19
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Centroid longitude
Value: 74.31
Units: degrees
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Migration strategy
Value: Sedentary
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Total range size
Value: 15914424.48
Units: km2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Realm
Value: Palearctic
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Habitat
Habitat density (1-3)
Value: Dense habitats
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Habitat description
Value: Forest
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Food and feeding habits
Foraging niche
Value: Invertivore bark
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Trophic level
Value: Omnivore
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Omnivore
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Trophic niche
Value: Invertivore
Source: Pigot et al. 2020
Value: Invertivore
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body measurements
Bill depth (females)
Value: 0.256667
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (males)
Value: 0.262455
Units: cm
Sample: 11
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill depth (sex unknown)
Value: 0.261214
Units: cm
Sample: 14
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (females) - Culmen
Value: 1.5624
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (males) - Culmen
Value: 1.90831
Units: cm
Sample: 13
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (females) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.005
Units: cm
Sample: 2
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (males) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.258
Units: cm
Sample: 10
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Nares to tip
Value: 1.21583
Units: cm
Sample: 12
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill length (sex unknown) - Culmen
Value: 1.81222
Units: cm
Sample: 18
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (females)
Value: 0.185333
Units: cm
Sample: 3
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (males)
Value: 0.202909
Units: cm
Sample: 11
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Bill width (sex unknown)
Value: 0.199143
Units: cm
Sample: 14
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Body mass
Value: 9
Units: g
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Value: 9.1
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Body mass (females)
Value: 9
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Body mass (males)
Value: 9.1
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Body mass (sex unknown)
Value: 9
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Tail length (females)
Value: 5.95
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tail length (males)
Value: 6.05769
Units: cm
Sample: 13
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tail length (sex unknown)
Value: 6.02778
Units: cm
Sample: 18
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (females)
Value: 1.3864
Units: cm
Sample: 5
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (males)
Value: 1.49023
Units: cm
Sample: 13
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Tarsus length (sex unknown)
Value: 1.46139
Units: cm
Sample: 18
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females)
Value: 6.3
Units: cm
Sample: 13
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (females)
Value: 51.275
Units: %
Sample: 12
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (males)
Value: 52.7619
Units: %
Sample: 21
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Hand-Wing Index (unknown)
Value: 52.2212
Units: %
Sample: 33
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (females)
Value: 1.18917
Units: cm
Sample: 12
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (males)
Value: 1.27
Units: cm
Sample: 21
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Kipps distance (unknown)
Value: 1.24061
Units: cm
Sample: 33
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males)
Value: 6.53864
Units: cm
Sample: 22
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (females) - secondary1
Value: 5.1275
Units: cm
Sample: 12
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (males) - secondary1
Value: 5.27619
Units: cm
Sample: 21
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (unknown) - secondary1
Value: 5.22212
Units: cm
Sample: 33
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Wing length (sex unknown)
Value: 6.45
Units: cm
Sample: 35
Source: Tobias et al. 2021
Eggs
Egg mass
Value: 1.12
Units: g
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Reproduction
Age at first breeding (females)
Value: 1
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Age at first breeding (males)
Value: 1
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Clutch size
Value: 5.45
Units: n
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Fledging period
Value: 15.5
Units: days
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Number of breeding attempts per year
Value: 1.5
Units: n/year
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Incubation period
Value: 15
Units: days
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Survival
Maximum age
Value: 8.166666667
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
Average survival
Value: 7.425
Units: years
Source: Myhrvold et al. 2015
References

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