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Whooping Crane

Grus americana (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Whooping Crane (Grus americana), the tallest North American bird, is an endangered crane species named for its whooping sound. Along with the Sandhill Crane, it is one of only two crane species found in North America. The Whooping Crane's lifespan is estimated to be 22 to 24 years in the wild. After being pushed to the brink of extinction by unregulated hunting and loss of habitat to just 21 wild and two captive Whooping Cranes by 1941, conservation efforts have led to a limited recovery. As of 2011, there are an estimated 437 birds in the wild and more than 165 in captivity. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
  Grus

Scientific:
  Grus americana

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.142

Protonym:
  Ardea americana

Avibase ID:
  B87D744DCD48ECC9

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/B87D744D

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176176


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Grus americana: Breeds n Canada; winters coastal se Texas
English:
Whooping Crane
Czech:
jeřáb americký
German:
Schreikranich
Danish:
Trompetértrane
Spanish:
Grulla Trompetera
Finnish:
trumpettikurki
French:
Grue blanche
Icelandic:
Söngtrana
Italian:
Gru americana
Japanese:
amerikashirozuru
Japanese:
アメリカシロヅル
Dutch:
Trompetkraanvogel
Norwegian:
Trompetertrane
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Trompetartrane
Polish:
zuraw krzykliwy
Portuguese:
Grou-trompeteiro
Russian:
Американский журавль
Slovak:
žeriav škriekavý
Swedish:
trumpetartrana
Ukrainian:
Журавель американський
Chinese:
美洲鹤


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue blanche ( Grus americana)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue blanche ( Grus americana)
Clements 1st edition:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 3rd edition:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 4th edition:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements, version 2015:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements, version 2016:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements, version 2017:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements, version 2018:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Clements, version 2019:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 1.50:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 1.52:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 1.53:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 1.54:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 1.55:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 2015:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 2016:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 2017:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 2018:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
eBird version 2019:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
James Lee Peters:
Grus americana
James Lee Peters (original):
Grus americana
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Grus americana
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Whooping Crane ( Grus americana)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus americana
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus americana

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Catalan: Grua cridanera, Grua cridanera americana
Czech: jeřáb americký, Jeráb belohrbetý
Danish: Trompetértrane
German: Schneekranich, Schreikranich
English: White Crane, Whooping Crane
English (IOC): Whooping Crane
Spanish: Gruidas, Grulla Americana, Grulla Blanca, Grulla Trompetera
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Trompetera
Spanish (HBW): Whooping Crane
Spanish (Mexico): Grulla Americana, grulla blanca
Estonian: trompetkurg
Finnish: Trumpettikurki
French: Grue blanche, Grue blanche d'Amérique, Grue d'Amérique
Hungarian: lármás daru
Icelandic: Söngtrana
Italian: Gru americana
Japanese: amerikashiroduru, amerikashirozuru
Japanese: アメリカシロヅル
Scientific: Ardea americana, Grus americana, Grus americanus
Lithuanian: Amerikinė gervė
Latvian: Amerikas dzērve
Dutch: Trompetkraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Trompetartrane
Norwegian: Trompetertrane
Polish: zuraw krzykliwy, żuraw krzykliwy
Portuguese: Grou-trompeteiro
Russian: Американский журавль
Slovak: Žeriav škriekavý
Serbian: Američki huktavi ždral
Swedish: Trumpetartrana
Turkish: Ötücü Turna
Ukrainian: Журавель американський
Chinese: 美洲鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 美洲鶴

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