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Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

The great black-backed gull is the largest member of the gull family. Described by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology as "the king of the Atlantic waterfront", it is a very aggressive hunter, pirate, and scavenger. It breeds on the European and North American coasts and islands of the North Atlantic and is fairly sedentary, though some move farther south or inland to large lakes or reservoirs. The adult great black-backed gull has a white head, neck and underparts, dark grey wings and back, pink legs and yellow bill. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Larus
Scientific:
  Larus marinus


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus marinus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727041


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  E826E9F3FBAED223

Avibase ID:
  avibase-E826E9F3

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E826E9F3


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176815

Geographic range:

  • Larus marinus: Palearctic and ne N Am.; winters to W Indies and Iberian Pen.
English:
Great Black-backed Gull
Catalan:
Gavinot atlàntic
Czech:
racek mořský
Danish:
Svartbag
German:
Mantelmöwe
Spanish:
Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (Spain):
Gavión Atlántico
Finnish:
merilokki
French:
Goéland marin
Croatian:
Veliki tamnoleđi galeb
Hungarian:
Dolmányos sirály
Icelandic:
Svartbakur
Italian:
Mugnaiaccio
Japanese (romaji):
ookamome
Japanese:
オオカモメ
Lithuanian:
Balnotasis kiras
Dutch:
Grote Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartbak
Norwegian:
Svartbak
Polish:
mewa siodłata
Portuguese:
gaivotão-real
Russian:
Морская чайка
Slovak:
čajka morská
Serbian:
Crni galeb
Swedish:
havstrut
Ukrainian:
Мартин морський
Chinese:
大黑背鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
大黑背鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Larus marinus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Larus marinus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Larus marinus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus marinus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus marinus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [marinus or dominicanus] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Other synonyms


Arabic: النورس اسود, نورس أسود الظهر كبير
Asturian: Gaviluetu, Gavión, Gaviotón atlánticu
Azerbaijani: böyük beliqara qağayı, böyük qarabel qağayı
Bashkir: диңгеҙ аҡсарлағы
Belarusian: Марская чайка, Чайка марская
Bulgarian: Голяма черногърба чайка
Breton: Ar gouelan bras, Gouelan bras, Guillou
Catalan: Gavinot, Gavinot atlàntic
Catalan (Balears): Gavinot
Montenegrin: crni galeb, црни галеб
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црни галеб
Czech: racek moøský, Racek morský, Racek mořský
Chuvash: тинĕс чарланĕ
Welsh: Copsyn y môr, Gwylan gefnddu fawr, Gwylan gefnddu fwyaf
Danish: Svartbag
German: Mantelmöve, Mantelmowe, Mantelmöwe
Greek: Γιγαvτόγλαρoς, Γιγαντόγλαρος, Πελαγόγλαρος
Greek (Cypriot): Πελαγόγλαρος
English: Great Black-backed Gull, Great-Black-backed Gull, Greater Black-backed Gull
English, HBW: Great Black-backed Gull
English (IOC): Great Black-backed Gull
English (United States): Great Black-backed Gull
Esperanto: nigramantela mevo
Spanish: Gavión, Gavión Atlántico, Gaviota de Espalda Negra Mayor, Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, Gaviota Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Spanish (Colombia): Gavión
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (Cuba): Gallegón
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gavión
Spanish (Spain): Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (HBW): Gavión atlántico
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, Gaviota Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Gaviota Espaldinegra
Estonian: Merikajakas
Basque: Gavinot, Kaio beltz, Kaio beltza
Persian: کاکایی پشت‌ سیاه بزرگ, کاکایی پشت‌سیاه بزرگ
Finnish: Merilokki
Faroese: Bakur, Svartbakur, Svartbakur/bakur
French: Goéland à manteau noir, Goéland marin
Frisian: Grutte sjouwerman
Irish: Droimneach Mór
Gaelic: Farspach, Farspag
Galician: Gaivotón, Gaivotón atlántico, Gavinot
Manx: Juan Mooar
Haitian Creole French: Mòv pye nwa
Hebrew: שחף ימי
Croatian: Veliki galeb, Veliki tamnoleđi galeb
Hungarian: Dolmányos sirály
Icelandic: Svartbakur
Italian: Mugnaiaccio
Inuktitut: Naajarluk
Japanese (romaji): ookamome
Japanese: オオカモメ
Georgian: ზღვის დიდი თოლია, ზღვის თოლია
Kazakh: теңіз шағаласы, Тењіз шағала
Greenlandic: Naajarluk
North Karelian: merilokka
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du
Kirghiz: деңиз ири чардагы, ири деңиз чардагы
Scientific: Larus marinus
Luxembourgish: Mantelméiw
Lithuanian: Balnotasis kiras, Balnuotasis kiras
Latvian: Melnspārnu kaija
Macedonian: Голем морски галеб, Голем црногрб галеб
Moldavian: Pescăruș negru
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): mishi-tshiashku
Maltese: Gawwija Imperjali
Dutch: Grote Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartbak
Norwegian: Havskår, Stormåse, Svartbak
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): selgykajoi
Polish: Mewa blada, mewa siodlata, mewa siodłata
Portuguese: Alcatraz-comum, gaivota grande, Gaivota-grande, Gaivotão-real
Portuguese (Brazil): Gaivotão-real [portugais]
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivotão-real
Romansh: Muetta da mar
Rhaeto-Romance: Muetta da mar
Romanian: Pescăruș negru, Pescăruş negru
Russian: Morskaya Chayka, Большая морская чайка, Морская чайка, Чайка морская
Northern Sami: Gáiru
Slovak: Čajka morská
Slovenian: veliki galeb
Albanian: Pulëbardha shpinëzezë
Serbian: Crni galeb, Veliki galeb, Велики галеб
Swedish: Havstrut
Turkish: Büyük Kara Sırtlı Martı, büyük kara syrtly marty, Büyük Karasırtlı Martı, Büyük Kara-sırtlı Martı, Büyük Siyah Martı
Tatar: диңгез акчарлагы
Ukrainian: Великий морський мартин, Мартин морський , Морський мартин
Uzbek: денгиз балиқчиси
Kalmyk: мөрн цах
Chinese: 大黑背鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 大黑背鷗

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