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Grey Gull

Leucophaeus modestus (von Tschudi, 1843)

The Grey Gull (Leucophaeus modestus) is a gull found along the Pacific coast of South America. Unusual among gulls, it only breeds in the extremely arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile, although it is present as a non-breeding visitor throughout most of the Chilean coast, and the coast of Peru and Ecuador. It is vagrant to Colombia, Panama, Mexico, and Louisiana. Source: Wikipedia




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Ordo:
  Charadriiformes
Familio:
  Laridae
Genro:
  Leucophaeus

Scienca:
  Leucophaeus modestus

Citaĵo:
  (von Tschudi, 1843)

Referenco:
  Arch.Naturgesch. 9 p.389

Protono:
  Larus modestus

Avibase ID:
  804CCA3A1ECAF682

Mallonga ligilo:
  https://avibase.ca/804CCA3A

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824081

Geographic range:

  • Leucophaeus modestus: Inland nitrate deserts of Peru and Chile; ranges to Ecuador
Angla:
Grey Gull
Ĉeĥa:
racek tmavý
Germana:
Graumöwe
dana:
Atacamamåge
Hispana:
Gaviota Garuma
Finna:
aavikkolokki
Franca:
Goéland gris
Islanda:
Sefmáfur
Itala:
Gabbiano grigio
Japana:
haiirokamome
japana:
ハイイロカモメ
Nederlanda:
Grijze Meeuw
Norvega:
Ørkenmåke
Norvega:
Ørkenmåse
Pola:
mewa szara
Portugala:
Gaivota-cinzenta-meridional
Rusa:
Серая чайка
Slovaka:
čajka púšťová
Sveda:
ökenmås
Ukrajna:
Мартин сірий
Ĉina:
灰鸥


Aŭtoritatoj agnoskantaj ĉi taksonomian koncepton:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland gris ( Larus modestus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland gris ( Larus modestus)
Clements 1st edition:
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 4th edition:
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 6th edition:
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements, version 2015:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements, version 2016:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements, version 2017:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Clements, version 2018:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 1.50:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 1.52:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 1.53:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 1.54:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 1.55:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 2015:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 2016:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 2017:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
eBird version 2018:
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Grey Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
James Lee Peters:
Larus modestus
James Lee Peters (original):
Larus modestus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Larus modestus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Grey Gull ( Larus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Gray Gull ( Larus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Gray Gull ( Leucophaeus modestus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus modestus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leucophaeus modestus

Taksonomia statuso:

Specifa statuso: full species

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Rilataj taxa

Aliaj sinonimoj


Kataluna: Gavina grisa
Ĉeĥa: Racek chilský, racek tmavy, racek tmavý
dana: Atacamamåge
Germana: Graumöwe
Angla: Gray Gull, Grey Gull
English (IOC): Grey Gull
Hispana: Garuma, Gaviota garuma, Gaviota Gris, Torero
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota garuma
Spanish (Chile): Gaviota garuma
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Gris
Spanish (Costa Rica): Garuma, Torero
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviota Gris
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Garuma
Spanish (HBW): Gray Gull
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Gris
Spanish (Panama): Gaviota Gris
Spanish (Peru): Gaviota Gris
Estona: kõrbekajakas
Finna: Aavikkolokki
Franca: Goéland gris
Hungara: sivatagi sirály
Islanda: Sefmáfur
Itala: Gabbiano grigio, Gabbiano modesto
Japana: haiirokamome
japana: ハイイロカモメ
scienca: Larus modestus, Leucophaeus modestus
Litova: Pilkasis kiras
Nederlanda: Grijze Meeuw
Norvega: Ørkenmåse
Norvega: Ørkenmåke
Pola: mewa szara
Portugala: Gaivota-cinzenta-meridional
Rusa: Серая чайка
Slovaka: čajka púšťová
Serba: Sivi mali galeb
Sveda: Ökenmås
Ukrajna: Мартин сірий
Ĉina: 灰鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 灰鷗

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