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Tordo Gigante
Molothrus oryzivorus (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
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Fotografía extraída de flickr.com.


Orden:
  Passeriformes
Familia:
  Icteridae
Género:
  Molothrus

Nombre científico:
  Molothrus oryzivorus

Citación:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1788)

Referencia:
  Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.386

Protónimo:
  Oriolus oryzivorus

Avibase ID:
  91375A56269BDAF0

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/91375A56

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 729212

Geographic range:

  • Molothrus oryzivorus oryzivorus: E Panama to Bolivia, Paraguay, se Brazil and ne Argentina
  • Molothrus oryzivorus impacifus: Caribbean slope of s Mexico (s Veracruz) to w Panama
Source: Clements checklist

inglés:
  Giant Cowbird
checo:
  vlhovec velký
alemán:
  Riesenkuhstärling
danés:
  Kæmpekostær
español:
  Tordo Gigante
finés:
  kaulusturpiaali
francés:
  Vacher géant
italiano:
  Vaccaro gigante
japonés:
  ookouuchou
japonés:
  オオコウウチョウ
holandés:
  Grote Koevogel
noruego:
  Stortrupial
polaco:
  starzyk wielki
portugués:
  Graúna
portugués (Brasil):
  Iraúna-grande
ruso:
  Большая воловья птица
eslovaco:
  zanášač veľký
sueco:
  jättekostare
chino:
  巨牛鹂


Autoridades que reconocen el concepto taxonómico:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivora) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Vacher géant ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Vacher géant ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Scaphidura oryzivora [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Scaphidura oryzivora [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Scaphidura oryzivora [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Giant Cowbird ( Scaphidura oryzivora) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivora) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
   Giant Cowbird ( Molothrus oryzivorus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Molothrus oryzivorus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Molothrus oryzivorus [version 1]

Situación Taxonómica:

Estatus de la especie: full species

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Taxones relacionados

Otros sinónimos

Arawak: Tiririana
catalán: vaquer gegant
Carib: Akàwe
checo: Vlhovec velký
danés: Kæmpekostær
alemán: Riesenkuhstärling, Riesen-Kuhstärling
inglés: Giant Cowbird, Rice Grackle
español: Chamón Gigante, Tordo Gigante, Vaquero, Vaquero Gigante, Vaquero Grande, Vaquero Pirata
Spanish (Argentine): Tordo gigante
Spanish (Colombia): Chamón Gigante
Spanish (Costa Rica): Vaquero Grande
Spanish (Spain): Tordo Gigante
Spanish (Honduras): Vaquero
Spanish (Mexico): tordo gigante, Vaquero Gigante
Spanish (Nicaragua): Vaquero Grande
Spanish (Panama): Vaquero Gigante
Spanish (Peru): Tordo Gigante
Spanish (Paraguay): Tordo gigante
Spanish (Venezuela): Tordo Pirata
finés: Kaulusturpiaali
francés: Cassique mangeur de riz, Grand Vacher, Molothrus oryzivorus, Vacher géant
Guianese Creole French: Zozo-douri
guaraní: Chopi guasu, Chopi-guasu, Guyraû guasu, Guyraû-guasu
húngaro: óriás gulyajáró
italiano: Molotro gigante, Vaccaro gigante
japonés: ookouuchou
japonés: オオコウウチョウ
latín: Molothrus oryzivora, Molothrus oryzivorus, Molothrus oryzivorus oryzivorus, Oriolus oryzivorus, Scaphidura oryzivora
lituano: Didysis karvapaukštis, didysis trupialas
holandés: Grote Koevogel
noruego: Stortrupial
Wayampi: Wilaũ
polaco: Starzyk granatowy, starzyk wielki
portugués: araúna, chico-preto, Graúna, grumaré, iratuã, iraúna, iraúna-grande, japu-úna, melrão, melro, rexenxão, vira-bosta-grande
portugués (Brasil): araúna, chico-preto, graúna, grumaré, iratuã, iraúna, irauna-grande, Iraúna-grande, japu-úna, melrão, melro, rexenxão, vira-bosta-grande
Portuguese (Portugal): Iraúna-grande
ruso: Большая воловья птица, Большой трупиал
eslovaco: Trupiálovec hrubozobý, zanášac velký, zanášač veľký
serbio: Džinovska kravarica
Saramaccan: Hêno
Sranan: Bigikarufowru
sueco: Jättekostare
ucraniano: Вашер великий
chino: 巨牛鹂
Chinese (Traditional): 巨牛鸝

 

         

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