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Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya

Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus] (= Turdus merula) Linnaeus, 1758




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Ordre:
  Passeriformes
Famille:
  Turdidae
Genre:
  Turdus

scientifique:
  Turdus merula

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.170

Protonyme:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/1BB50DE8

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: breeds eastern China (from southern Gansu and southern Shaanxi south through eastern Sichuan to western Yunnan, east to Hebei and Guangdong); partially migratory, wintering to Hainan and northern Indochina
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: east central China (central Sichuan); resident?
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Montrer plus..
anglais:
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
catalan:
Merla
tchèque:
kos černý
danois:
Solsort
allemand:
Amsel
espagnol:
Mirlo Común
finnois:
mustarastas
français:
Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
croate:
Kos
hongrois:
Fekete rigó
islandais:
Svartþröstur
italien:
Merlo
japonais:
kuroutadori
japonais:
クロウタドリ
lituanien:
Juodasis strazdas
néerlandais:
Merel
norvégien:
Svarttrost
polonais:
kos
portugais:
Melro-preto
russe:
Чёрный дрозд
slovaque:
drozd čierny
serbe:
kos
suédois:
Koltrast
ukrainien:
Чорний дрізд
chinois:
乌鸫
Chinese (Traditional):
烏鶇


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Turdus merula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Turdus merula [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: species group (sometimes a species)

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Taxons apparentés

Arrangements alternatifs: 1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres synonymes


arabe: الشحرور
asturien: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
azéri: Qara qaratoyuğu
biélorusse: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
bulgare: kos, Кос
bengali: পাতি কালিদামা
breton: Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
catalan: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
tchèque: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
gallois: Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
danois: Solsort
allemand: Amsel
grec: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπουλλος
anglais: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
espéranto: merlo
espagnol: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
estonien: Musträstas
basque: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
finnois: Mustarastas, rastas
féroïen: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
français: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
frioulan: mierli
frison: swarte lyster
irlandais: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
gaélique: Lon-Dubh
galicien: melro común, Merla , Merlo
manx; mannois: lhondoo
hébreu: שחרור
croate: Kos
hongrois: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
arménien: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
islandais: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
italien: Merlo, Merlo comune
japonais: kuro uta-dori, kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
japonais: クロウタドリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒歌鳥
géorgien: შაშვი
kazakh: Қара сайрақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara sayraq
coréen: 대륙검은지빠귀
cornique: molgh dhu
scientifique: Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus], Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
judéo-espagnol: merlo
luxembourgeois: Märel
lituanien: juodasis strazdas
letton: melnais meža strazds
macédonien: kos, кос, Ќос
malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
mongol: Хар хөөндэй
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khööndei
maltais: malvizz iswed
néerlandais: Merel
norvégien: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
provençal: mèrle
polonais: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Pinyin: wū-dōng
portugais: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
roumain: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
russe: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
sarde: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
écossais: lon dubh
sami du Nord: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
slovaque: drozd, Drozd čierny
slovène: kos
albanais: mëllënja
serbe: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
suédois: Koltrast
thaï: นกเดินดงสีดำ
turkmène: karatavuk
turc: Karatavuk, Қара сайрақ
ukrainien: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
chinois: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇
Chinese (Traditional): 烏鶇

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