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Martinet noir

Apus apus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common Swift (Apus apus) is a medium-sized bird, superficially similar to the Barn Swallow or House Martin but somewhat larger. It is, however, completely unrelated to those passerine species, since swifts are in the separate order Apodiformes. The resemblances between the groups are due to convergent evolution reflecting similar life styles. Swifts' nearest relatives are thought to be the New World hummingbirds and the Southeast Asian treeswifts. Source: Wikipedia




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Photo par flickr.com .


Ordre:
  Apodiformes
Famille:
  Apodidae
Genre:
  Apus

scientifique:
  Apus apus

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.192

Protonyme:
  Hirundo Apus

Avibase ID:
  4E6EF3F983079D73

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/4E6EF3F9

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 178010

Geographic range:

  • Apus apus apus: W Palearctic east to Lake Baikal and Iran; winters to s Africa
  • Apus apus pekinensis: Iran to Himalayas, Mongolia and n China; winters to s Africa
anglais:
Common Swift
catalan:
Falciot negre
tchèque:
rorýs obecný
danois:
Mursejler
allemand:
Mauersegler
espagnol:
Vencejo Común
Spanish (Spain):
Vencejo Común
finnois:
tervapääsky
français:
Martinet noir
croate:
Čiopa
hongrois:
Sarlósfecske
islandais:
Múrsvölungur
italien:
Rondone comune
japonais:
yo-roppaamatsubame
japonais:
ヨーロッパアマツバメ
lituanien:
Juodasis čiurlys
néerlandais:
Gierzwaluw
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien:
Tårnseglar
norvégien:
Tårnseiler
polonais:
jerzyk
portugais:
Andorinhão-preto
portugais (Brésil):
Bacurau
russe:
Чёрный стриж
slovaque:
dážďovník obyčajný
serbe:
crna čiopa
suédois:
tornseglare
ukrainien:
Серпокрилець чорний
chinois:
雨燕
Chinese (Traditional):
普通楼燕


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Swift ( Apus apus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Martinet noir ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Martinet noir ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 4th edition:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 1.50:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Eurasian Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Eurasian Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Oriental Bird Club:
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
James Lee Peters:
Apus apus
James Lee Peters (original):
Apus apus [version 2]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Apus apus [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Common Swift ( Apus apus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Common Swift ( Apus apus) [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Apus apus [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Apus apus [version 2]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Apus [apus or unicolor] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

Vos observations

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Taxons apparentés

Arrangements alternatifs: 1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres concepts apparentés

Autres synonymes


afrikaans: Europese Windswael
arabe: السمامة, السمامة رقيعي، خطاف, السمّامة
asturien: Andarón
azéri: Qara uzunqanad
biélorusse: Свіргуль чорны, Чорны свiргуль, Чорны свіргуль
bulgare: Черен бързолет
breton: Ar glaouer du, Glaouaer, Gwennili zu, Morian
catalan: Falciot negre, Falzia, Saboc
Catalan (Balears): Falzia
Valencian: Saboc
Montenegrin: pištarka, srpić, čiopa
tchèque: Rorýs obecný
gallois: Aderyn du'r llan, Aderyn yr eglys, Asgell hir, Asgell-hir, Deryn du'r llan, Gwennol ddu, Gwrach yr ellyll, Marthin ddu, Sgilpen, Y biwita, Y folwen
danois: Mursejler
allemand: Mauersegler, Meuersegler
grec: (Κοινή) Σταχτάρα, Πετροχελίδονο, Σταχτάρα
Greek (Cypriot): Πετροχελίδονο
anglais: Common Swift, Eurasian Swift, European Swift, Northern Swift, Swift
English (IOC): Common Swift
English (Kenya): Common Swift
espéranto: apuso
espagnol: Vencejo Comun, Vencejo Común
Spanish (Spain): Vencejo Común
Spanish (HBW): Vencejo común
estonien: Piiritaja, piiritaja (piirpääsuke), Piiritaja e. piirpääsuke, piirpääsuke
basque: Falciot negre, Sorbeltz arrunt, Sorbeltz arrunta
perse: بادخورک معمولی
finnois: Tervakirskuja, Tervapääsky
féroïen: Feigdarsveimari, Svala
français: Martinet noir, Martinet noir d'Europe
frison: Toerswel
irlandais: Gabhlán Gaoithe
gaélique: Gobhlan Mòr
galicien: Cirrio, cirrio común, Falciot negre, Noitebra
manx; mannois: Gollan mooar, Gollan ny Greg
hébreu: סיס חומות
croate: Ciopa, Čiopa, Crna čiopa
hongrois: Sarlósfecske
arménien: [Sev Mangaghatev ], Սև Մանգաղա և, Սև Մանգաղաթև
islandais: Múrsvölungur
italien: Rondone, Rondone comune, Rondone eurasiatico
japonais: yoaroppaamatsubame, yōroppa ama-tsubame, yo-roppaamatsubame, Youroppa ama-tsubame
japonais: ヨアロッパアマツバメ, ヨーロッパアマツバメ
Japanese (Kanji): ヨーロッパ雨燕
géorgien: ნამგალა
Khakas: Тигiр харачхайы
kazakh: Ешкіемер, Қара сұрқарлығаш
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara sur-qarlığaş
coréen: 서양칼새 / 검은등칼새
cornique: Gwennol dhu
scientifique: Apus apus, Apus apus apus, Hirundo Apus
luxembourgeois: Leeëndecker
lituanien: Čiurlys, Juodasis ciurlys, Juodasis čiurlys, Spāris, Štaras, Svirulys
letton: Bezdelīga, Melnā svīre , Svīre
macédonien: Мала (Обична) пишталка, обична пиштарка
malayalam: മലങ്കൂളൻ
mongol: Хурын ураацай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠣᠷᠠᠴᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia):  ᠣᠷᠠᠴᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Ураацай, Хурын ураацай, Цамхагийн ураацай
Mongolian (Transliteration): khurin uraatsai, khuriŋ uraatsai, tsamkhagiŋ uraatsai, uraatsai
moldave: Drepnea neagră
maltais: Rundun
népalais: खैरो गाÄथली
néerlandais: Gierzwaluw
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien: Tårnseglar
norvégien: Fjellsulu, Kjærksolo, Tårnseiler, Tårnsvale
polonais: jerzyk, jerzyk (zwyczajny), Jerzyk zwyczajny, Lelek egipski
Pinyin: lóu-yàn, pǔtōng lóu-yàn, yǔ-yàn
portugais: andorinhão preto, Andorinhão-preto, Andorinhão-preto-europeu, Bacurau
portugais (Brésil): Bacurau
Portuguese (Portugal): Andorinhão-preto
Romansh: Randurel pitschen
roumain: Drepnea neagră
russe: Chyorny Strizh, Стриж, Стриж обыкновенный, Стриж черный, Черный стриж, Чёрный стриж
écossais: Gobhlan mor
sami du Nord: Náhkkesoadjá
slovaque: Dážďovník obyčajný, dážďovník tmavý
slovène: crni hudournik, hudournik
albanais: Dejka
serbe: crna ciopa, crna čiopa, crna ciopa (pištara), pištara, Пиштара, Чиопа
sotho du Sud: Lehaqasi
suédois: Tornseglare, Tornsvala
swahili: Teleka wa Ulaya
thaï: นกแอ่นพันธุ์ยูเรเชีย
tswana: Pêolwane
turc: Ebabil, Karasağan, Siyah Sağan, Қара сұрқарлығаш
tsonga: Nkonjana
touva: Кара сыйтылаа
ukrainien: Серпокрилець чорний , Чорний серпокрилець, Чорний стриж
xhosa: Ihlabankomo
chinois: [Beijing yu-yan], [he yu-yan], [lou-yan], [Ouzhou yu-yan], [putong lou-yan], [ye-yan], [yu-yan], 北京雨燕, 普通楼燕, 楼燕, 樓燕, 欧洲雨燕, 褐雨燕, 野燕, 雨燕
Chinese (Traditional): 普通楼燕, 楼燕, 樓燕, 雨燕
zoulou: iJankomo

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