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Francolin noir

Francolinus francolinus (Linnaeus, C 1766)

The black francolin is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. It was formerly known as the Black Partridge. It is the state bird of Haryana state, India. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Ordre:
  Galliformes
Famille:
  Phasianidae
Genre:
   Francolinus
scientifique:
  Francolinus francolinus


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1766)

Référence:
   Systema Naturae ed. 12, vol. 1, part 1

Protonyme:
  Tetrao Francolinus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42946471


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  50658B225BD16740

Avibase ID:
  avibase-50658B22

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/50658B22


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175974

Geographic range:

  • Francolinus francolinus francolinus: Cyprus and Asia Minor to Iraq and Iran
  • Francolinus francolinus arabistanicus: S Iraq and w Iran
  • Francolinus francolinus henrici: S Pakistan to w India
  • Francolinus francolinus asiae: N India
  • Francolinus francolinus melanonotus: E India to Sikkim and Bangladesh
  • Francolinus francolinus bogdanovi: S Iran and Afghanistan to s Pakistan
  • Montrer plus..
anglais:
Black Francolin
catalan:
Francolí pitnegre
tchèque:
frankolín obecný
danois:
Sort Frankolin
allemand:
Halsbandfrankolin
espagnol:
Francolín Ventrinegro
Spanish (Spain):
Francolín Ventrinegro
finnois:
mustafrankoliini
français:
Francolin noir
croate:
crna jarebica
hongrois:
örvös frankolin
islandais:
Svarthæna
italien:
Francolino
japonais:
munaguroshako
japonais:
ムナグロシャコ
lituanien:
Juodasis frankolinas
néerlandais:
Zwarte Frankolijn
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien:
Halsbandfrankolin
norvégien:
Halsbåndfrankolin
polonais:
frankolin obrożny
portugais:
Francolim-escuro
russe:
Турач
slovaque:
frankolín tmavý
serbe:
Crni frankolin
suédois:
svart frankolin
ukrainien:
Турач туркменський
chinois:
黑鹧鸪
Chinese (Traditional):
黑鷓鴣


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Francolin noir ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Francolin noir ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Partridge ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Partridge ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Partridge ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Francolinus francolinus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Francolinus francolinus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Francolinus francolinus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black Francolin ( Francolinus francolinus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Francolinus francolinus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Francolinus francolinus [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species

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Taxons apparentés

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres concepts apparentés

Autres synonymes

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


arabe: حجلة سوداء(درّاج), دراج أسود
azéri: adi turac ади тураҹ, Turac, Turaç
biélorusse: Франкалін
bulgare: Черен франколин
bengali: কামরা চতচতয , কারা চতচতয , কালা তিতির, হ঱ি পচযদ
Bengali (transliteration): kālā titira, kālō titira, śēkha pharida
breton: Frankolin du
catalan: Francolí, Francolí comú, Francolí pitnegre
Catalan (Balears): Francolí
Montenegrin: crni frankolin, црни франколин
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црни франколин
tchèque: Frankolín obecný
tchouvache: турач, турачĕ, турачсем
gallois: Ffrancolin du
danois: Halsbåndsfrankolin, Sort Frankolin
allemand: Halsbandfrancolin, Halsbandfrankolin
grec: (Μαύρος) Φραγκολίνος, (Μαύρος) Φρανκολίνος, Μαύρος Φραγκολίνος, Φραvκoλίvoς, Φραγκολίνα , Φρανκολίνος
Greek (Cypriot): Φραγκολίνα
anglais: Black Francolin, Black Partridge
English, HBW: Black Francolin
English (IOC): Black Francolin
English (United States): Black Francolin
espéranto: Nigra frankolino
espagnol: Francolin de collar, Francolín de collar, Francolín Negro, Francolín Ventrinegro
Spanish (Spain): Francolín Ventrinegro
Spanish (HBW): Francolín ventrinegro
estonien: Mustfrankoliin, mustfrankoliin (must-frankoliinkana), mustfrankoliin e. must-frankoliinkana
basque: Frankolin
perse: دراج
finnois: Mustafrankoliini
français: Francolin noir, Francolin vulgaire
frioulan: franculin, frangolin
frison: Swarte frankolyn
irlandais: Francóilín dubh
galicien: Francolín negro
hébreu: פרנקולין, פרנקולין שחור
croate: crna jarebica
hongrois: örvös frankolin
arménien: [Turaj ], Թուրաջ
islandais: Svarthæna
italien: Francolino, Francolino a petto nero, Francolino comune, Francolino nero
japonais: munaguroshako
japonais: ムナグロシャコ
géorgien: დურაჯი
karakalpak: франколин
Kabardian: адэжынэшхуэ
kazakh: бұлдырық, турач
karatchaï balkar: къыр къаз, къыр тауукъ
kirghize: жылкычы чил, турач
scientifique: Francolinus francolinus, Francolinus francolinus francolinus, Francolinus vulgaris, Tetrao falcolinus, Tetrao Francolinus
lituanien: Frankolinas, Juodasis frankolinas
letton: melnais frankolins
macédonien: Црн франколин
maltais: ħaġla sewda, îaġla Sewda
népalais: कालो तित्रा
néerlandais: Halsbandfrankolijn, Zwarte frankolijn
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien: Halsbandfrankolin
norvégien: Halsbåndfrankolin
polonais: frankolin obrozny, frankolin obrożny
portugais: Francolim-escuro
Portuguese (Portugal): Francolim-escuro, francolim-preto
rhéto-roman: Francolin nair
roumain: Francolin negru
russe: Обыкновенный Турач, Турач
sami du Nord: Gierdofrankoliidna
slovaque: frankolín tmavý
slovène: Črni frankolin, frankolin
serbe: Crni frankolin
suédois: Svart frankolin
tadjik: дурроҷ, дурроҷи сафедсар, дурроҷи сиѐҳ
turkmène: turaç
turc: Turaç, Turaç Kuşu
tatar: турач, турачлар
oudmourte: турач
ukrainien: Турач туркменський
ouszbek: дуррож
chinois: 黑鹧鸪
Chinese (Traditional): 黑鷓鴣

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