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Goéland d'Audubon

Larus occidentalis Audubon, 1839

The Western Gull (Larus occidentalis) is a large white-headed gull that lives on the western coast of North America. It was previously considered conspecific, the same species, with the Yellow-footed Gull (Larus livens) of the Gulf of California. The Western Gull ranges from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico, and because of its convenient colonies on the coast of California it is well studied. Despite being a well-known bird species on the West Coast of the US, it is of some slight conservation concern given its restricted range (for a gull). Source: Wikipedia




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Ordre:
  Charadriiformes
Famille:
  Laridae
Genre:
  Larus

scientifique:
  Larus occidentalis

Citation:
  Audubon, 1839

Référence:
  Orn.Biogr. 5 p.320

Protonyme:
  Larus occidentalis

Avibase ID:
  575A3E3BE9C9F93B

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/575A3E3B

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176817

Geographic range:

  • Larus occidentalis occidentalis: Pacific coast of British Columbia to central California
  • Larus occidentalis wymani: Central California (Monterey Bay) to s Baja California
anglais:
Western Gull
tchèque:
racek západní
allemand:
Westmöwe
danois:
Amerikansk Svartbag
espagnol:
Gaviota Occidental
finnois:
amerikanmerilokki
français:
Goéland d'Audubon
islandais:
Ránmáfur
italien:
Gabbiano occidentale
japonais:
amerikaoosegurokamome
japonais:
アメリカオオセグロカモメ
néerlandais:
Californische Meeuw
norvégien:
Kaliforniasvartbak
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien:
Kaliforniasvartbak
polonais:
mewa zachodnia
portugais:
Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
russe:
Западная чайка
slovaque:
čajka pláštiková
suédois:
västtrut
ukrainien:
Мартин західний
chinois:
西美鸥


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus occidentalis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus occidentalis [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Larus [occidentalis or livens] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Autres synonymes


catalan: Gavià occidental
tchèque: Racek západní
danois: Amerikansk Svartbag
allemand: Westmöwe
anglais: Western Gull, Wyman's Gull
English (IOC): Western Gull
espagnol: Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (HBW): Western Gull
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Occidental
estonien: kiltkajakas
finnois: Amerikanmerilokki
français: Goéland d’Audubon, Goéland d'Audubon, Goéland de l'Ouest
hongrois: nyugati sirály
islandais: Ránmáfur
italien: Gabbiano occidentale
japonais: amerikaoosegurokamome
japonais: アメリカオオセグロカモメ
scientifique: Larus occidentalis, Larus occidentalis occidentalis
lituanien: Vakarinis kiras
letton: rietumu kaija
néerlandais: Californische Meeuw, Pacifische Mantelmeeuw
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien: Kaliforniasvartbak
norvégien: Kaliforniasvartbak
polonais: mewa zachodnia
portugais: Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
russe: Западная чайка
slovaque: Čajka pláštiková
serbe: Zapadni američki galeb
suédois: Västtrut
ukrainien: Мартин західний
chinois: 西美鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 西方鷗

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