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Lagopède des saules

Lagopus lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The willow ptarmigan is a bird in the grouse subfamily Tetraoninae of the pheasant family Phasianidae. It is also known as the willow grouse and in Ireland and Britain, where the subspecies L. l. scotica was previously considered to be a separate species, as the red grouse. It breeds in birch and other forests and moorlands in northern Europe, the tundra of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and Canada, in particular in the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and Quebec. It is the state bird of Alaska. In the summer the birds are largely brown, with dappled plumage, but in the winter they are white with some black feathers in their tails. The species has remained little changed from the bird that roamed the tundra during the Pleistocene. Nesting takes place in the spring when clutches of four to ten eggs are laid in a scrape on the ground. The chicks are precocial and soon leave the nest. While they are young, both parents play a part in caring for them. The chicks eat insects and young plant growth while the adults are completely herbivorous, eating leaves, flowers, buds, seeds and berries during the summer and largely subsisting on the buds and twigs of willow and other dwarf shrubs and trees during the winter. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Ordre:
  Galliformes
Famille:
  Phasianidae
Genre:
   Lagopus
scientifique:
  Lagopus lagopus


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.159

Protonyme:
  Tetrao Lagopus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727066


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  6CCEAF5D74B10547

Avibase ID:
  avibase-6CCEAF5D

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/6CCEAF5D


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175804

Geographic range:

  • Lagopus lagopus lagopus: Scandinavia and n Russia
  • Lagopus lagopus rossica: Baltic countries to central Russia
  • Lagopus lagopus variegata: Coastal Norway (islands off Trondheim Fjord)
  • Lagopus lagopus koreni: Siberia to Kamchatka Peninsula
  • Lagopus lagopus kamtschatkensis: Kamchatka Peninsula and Kuril Islands
  • Lagopus lagopus birulai: New Siberian Islands
  • Lagopus lagopus kozlowae: W Mongolia (Tanmu-Ola, Khangai and Kentei Mountains)
  • Lagopus lagopus maior: Steppes of sw Siberia and n Kazakhstan
  • Lagopus lagopus okadai: Sakhalin I.
  • Lagopus lagopus brevirostris: Altai Mts. and Sayan Mts.
  • Lagopus lagopus sserebrowsky: E Siberia (Lake Baikal to Sea of Okhotsk and Sikhote Alin Mts.)
  • Lagopus lagopus alexandrae: Alaskan Peninsula to nw British Columbia
  • Lagopus lagopus muriei: E Aleutian Islands and Kodiak I.
  • Lagopus lagopus alascensis: Alaska
  • Lagopus lagopus leucoptera: Arctic islands of n Canada and adjacent mainland to s Baffin I.
  • Lagopus lagopus alba: Tundra of n Yukon and c Br. Columbia to Gulf of St. Lawrence
  • Lagopus lagopus ungavus: N Quebec and n Labrador
  • Lagopus lagopus alleni: Newfoundland
  • Montrer plus..
anglais:
Willow Ptarmigan
français:
Lagopède des saules
croate:
Sjeverna snježnica
italien:
Pernice bianca nordica
japonais:
karafutoraichou
portugais:
Lagópode-cinzento
Chinese (Traditional):
柳雷鳥


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Lagopède des saules ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Willow Ptarmigan ( Lagopus lagopus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Willow Ptarmiugan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Willow Ptarmiugan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Willow Ptarmigan (Willow) ( Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group]) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Lagopus lagopus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Lagopus lagopus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Lagopus lagopus [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Lagopus [lagopus or scotica] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres synonymes


abkhaze: аҮӘырманџь Шкәакәақәа
Altai: агуна
araucan: Jewjewkeñ
Mapundungun: Jewjewkeñ
asturien: Lagópodu común [triba lagopus]
azéri: ağ kəklik, Müşgül quşu
bachkir: ағуна, ағуналар, ағунаһы, аҡ ағуна , аҡ божор, аҡ ҡор, аҡ көртлөк, баҡбаҡ
biélorusse: Пардва
bulgare: Снежна яребица [Група lagopus]
catalan: Perdice d'Escandinàvia, Perdiu boreal [grup lagopus], Xoriguer
Valencian: Xoriguer
cree: kicikânêsîs
Cree (syllabic): ᑭᒋᑳᓀᓰᐢ
tchèque: Bělokur rousný, bělokur rousný [skupina lagopus], Bělokur tundrový
tchouvache: шурă чăх
gallois: Coch y grug, Cochiad, Grugiar, Grugiar wen, Grugiar yr alban, Iâr goch
danois: Dalrype, Darype, Almindelig [lagopus Gruppe]
allemand: Moorschneehuhn, Moorschneehuhn [lagopus-Gruppe]
grec: Λαγόποδας [lagopus ομάδα], Λαγόποδας [lagopus]
Emiliano-romagnolo: Falchét
anglais: Lapland Willow Ptarmigan, Northern Willow Ptarmigan, Red grouse, White Partridge, Willow Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan, Willow Ptarmigan (Willow), Willow Ptarmiugan (Willow), Willow/Red Grouse
English (United Kingdom): Red Grouse/Willow Grouse, Willow Grouse (Arctic)
English, HBW: Willow Grouse (Willow)
English (IOC): Willow Ptarmigan (Willow)
English (UAE): Willow Ptarmigan (Willow)
English (United States): Willow Ptarmigan (Willow)
espéranto: Lagopo
espagnol: Lagópodo, Lagópodo Común, Lagópodo Común (grupo lagopus)
Spanish (Spain): Lagópodo Común, Lagópodo común (grupo lagopus), Lagópodo Común [lagopus Group]
Spanish (HBW): Willow Ptarmigan (Willow)
estonien: Rabapüü
Evenki: кавека̄н, кав-кав, кавкана-мӣ, хе̄лакӣ, хе̄лакӣтка̄н, хе̄ракӣ, э̄лакӣ
finnois: Riekko, riekko [alalaji lagopus]
féroïen: Heiðarýpa
français: Lagopède des saules, Lagopède des saules (lagopus), Lagopède des saules (nominal), Lagopède des saules [lagopus]
frioulan: Falcuç di cjampanili
irlandais: Cearc Fhraoigh, Coileach fhraoigh, coileach fraoigh
gaélique: Cearc-Fhraoich
galicien: Lagarteiro, Peneireiro, Peneireiro común
goudjrati: નાનું બાજ પક્ષી
manx; mannois: Kellagh ruy, Kiark freoaie
hébreu: שכווי אירופי (אירופי), שכו-י אברש אירופי
hindi: श्येनक
croate: Sjeverna snježnica
hongrois: Sarki hófajd, Sarki hófajd [lagopus csoport]
islandais: Dalrjúpa, Dalrjúpa [lagopus hópur]
italien: Gainèl, Pernice bianca nordica
Brescian: Gainèl
japonais: karafuto raichō, karafutoraichou, Karafuto-raichou, karafutoraichou (lagopus guru-pu)
japonais: カラフトライチョウ, カラフトライチョウ (lagopus グループ), カラフトライチョウ(lagopus グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 樺太雷鳥
géorgien: კირკიტა
karakalpak: ақ кекилик, ақ кеклик
Kabardian: адэжынэхужь, шылэджэдхужь
Mongolian, Halh: канадын цэвдгийн ахууна
Khakas: Ах кÿркÿзi
kazakh: ақ кекілік, ақ құр, ақ шіл, аққұр, Бөктергі, Ителгі
Kazakh (Transliteration): aq-qur
North Karelian: meččokana
cornique: Culyek Meneth
kirghize: ак кур, ак чил
scientifique: Lagopus lagopus, Lagopus lagopus [lagopus Group], Lagopus lagopus lagopus, Tetrao lagopus
Ladin: Filadressa
lituanien: Baltasis tetervinas, Paprastoji žvyrė, Poparza, Žvyre, Žvyrė
letton: Baltais rubenis, Baltirbe, Baltirbe (rossica), Purva teteris
mongol: канадын цэвдгийн ахууна, Цагаан ахууна, Цагаан ятуу
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠬᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Buryat): Сагаан торхируу
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠰᠣᠢᠢᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Сойр, Цагаан сойр, Цагаан ятуу
Mongolian (Transliteration): sagaan torkhiruu, soir, tsag aaŋ akhuun, tsag aaŋ yatuu, tsagaaŋ soir
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): innapineu
marathe: लहान ससाण्याची जात
maltais: ħaġla b’sidirha aħmar
néerlandais: Moerassneeuwhoen, Moerassneeuwhoen (lagopus groep)
norvégien: Dalrype, Lirype, lirype (lagopus gr.), Lirype (lagopus)
provençal: Moisset ros
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): mečoi
pendjabi: ਛੋਟਾ ਬਾਜ
polonais: Pardwa, pardwa mszarna, pardwa mszarna (gr. lagopus), pardwa mszarna [gr. lagopus]
Pinyin: léi-niǎo, liǔ léi-niǎo
portugais: Lagópode, lagópode escocês, Lagópode-cinzento, Lagópode-escandinavo, Lagópode-escocês
Portuguese (Portugal): lagópode-ruivo [grupo lagopus], Lagopo-ruivo, Lagopo-ruivo [grupo lagopus]
Romansh: Crivel
russe: Белая куропатка, Белая куропатка [группа lagopus], Куропатка белая
sanskrit: श्येनः
iakoute: куруппааскы, куруппааскылар, куруппааскыта, хабдьы, хабыйахаан, ыалыкы
écossais: Coileach fraoich, Coileach ruadh
sami du Nord: Rievssat
slovaque: snehuľa kapcavá, snehuľa kapcavá (skup.), snehuľa obyčajná
slovène: barjanski jereb, Barjanski jereb [lagopus], barjanski snežni jereb
serbe: Severna snežnica, Severna snežnica [lagopus grupa]
suédois: Dalripa, dalripa [gruppen lagopus], dalripa [lagopus Group]
turc: Kar tavuğu [lagopus grubu], Kartavuğu, Kartavuğu [lagopus Grubu], Аққұр
tatar: ак көртлек , ак кыр тавыгы
touva: Аганак
oudmourte: сибирсяла, Сибыр сяла, тӧдьы сяла
ukrainien: Біла куріпка, Куріпка біла , Куріпка біла [група lagopus]
ouszbek: оқ каклик, оқ куропатка
Sorbian, Upper: Pustawa, Wěžowy sokoł
kalmouk: цаһан йотун, цаһан яту
chinois: [lei-niao], [liu lei-niao], [liu-ji], [suyi'er], 柳雷鸟, 柳雷鸟(广布), 柳鸡, 苏衣尔, 雷鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 柳雷鳥, 柳雷鸟(广布), 雷鳥

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