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Mésange charbonnière

Parus major Linnaeus, 1758

The Great Tit (Parus major) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central and Northern Asia, and parts of North Africa in any sort of woodland. It is generally resident, and most Great Tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters. Until 2005 this species was lumped with numerous other subspecies. DNA studies have shown these other subspecies to be distinctive from the Great Tit and these have now been separated as two separate species, the Cinereous Tit of southern Asia, and the Japanese Tit of East Asia. The Great Tit remains the most widespread species in the genus Parus. Source: Wikipedia




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Ordre:
  Passeriformes
Famille:
  Paridae
Genre:
  Parus

scientifique:
  Parus major

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.189

Protonyme:
  Parus major

Avibase ID:
  7296BC772F2643AD

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/7296BC77

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 561864

Geographic range:

  • Parus major major: Europe to nw Iran, Siberia, Lake Baikal, Altai and Sayan mts.
  • Parus major [kapustini or bargaensis]: NW China (nw Xinjiang) to Mongolia and e Siberia
  • Parus major excelsus: NW Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Parus major corsus: Iberian Peninsula and Corsica
  • Parus major ecki: Sardinia
  • Parus major newtoni: British Isles
  • Parus major aphrodite: S Italy, Sicily, s Greece, Mediterranean islands and Cyprus
  • Parus major mallorcae: Balearic Islands
  • Parus major niethammeri: Crete
  • Parus major terraesanctae: NW Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
  • Parus major [blanfordi or karelini]: N Iraq and Iran
  • Parus major intermedius: NE Iran and adjacent sw Turkmenistan
  • Montrer plus..
anglais:
Eurasian Great Tit
catalan:
Mallerenga carbonera
tchèque:
sýkora koňadra
danois:
Musvit
allemand:
Kohlmeise
espagnol:
Herrerillo ciáneo
Spanish (Spain):
Carbonero Común
finnois:
talitiainen
français:
Mésange charbonnière
croate:
Velika Sjenica
hongrois:
Széncinege
islandais:
Flotmeisa
italien:
Cinciallegra
japonais:
shijuukara
japonais:
シジュウカラ
lituanien:
Didžioji zylė
néerlandais:
Koolmees
norvégien:
Kjøttmeis
polonais:
bogatka
portugais:
Chapim-real
russe:
Большая синица
slovaque:
sýkorka veľká
serbe:
velika sjenica
suédois:
Talgoxe
ukrainien:
Синиця велика
chinois:
大山雀
Chinese (Traditional):
大山雀


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 3]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 3]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Mésange charbonnière ( Parus major) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 4]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Parus [major, cinereus or minor] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Arrangements alternatifs: 1  2  3  4  5  6 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres synonymes


arabe: القرقف الكبير
asturien: Branín, Veranín
azéri: Iri arıquşu
biélorusse: Вялiкая сiнiца, Вялікая сініца, Сініца вялікая
bulgare: Голям симигер, Голям симигер (Група major)
bengali: বড় তিত
breton: Ar pennglaou
catalan: Ferrerico, Mallerenga carbonera
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Montenegrin: velika sjenica
tchèque: Sýkora konadra, sýkora koňadra, sýkora koňadra evropská
tchouvache: Кăсăя
gallois: Titw mawr
danois: musvit, Musvit (major), sortmejse
allemand: Kohlmeise, Kohlmeise [major Gruppe]
grec: kalogeros, καλόγερος
anglais: Eurasian Great Tit, Great Tit, Great Tit (Great), Intermediate Tit
English (India): European Great Tit, European Great Tit (Great)
English (IOC): Great Tit (Great)
espéranto: granda paruo
espagnol: Carbonero Comun, Carbonero Común, Carbonero Común (major), Herrerillo ciáneo
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Común, Carbonero Común (Grupo major)
Spanish (HBW): Great Tit (Great)
estonien: rasvatihane
basque: Kaskabeltz handia
perse: چرخ‌ریسک بزرگ
finnois: talitiainen
féroïen: Stórtita, stórtíta
français: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière (nominal), Mésange charbonnière [major]
frison: blokfink
irlandais: meantán mór
gaélique: Currac Bhain Tighearna
galicien: Ferreiriño real
manx; mannois: Drean Mooar
hébreu: ירגזי, ירגזי מצוי (אירופי)
croate: sjenica velika, Velika Sjenica, Velika Sjenica (major grupa)
hongrois: Széncinege, Széncinege [major csoport]
arménien: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ
indonésien: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu, Gelatik batu, Gelatikbatu Kelabu
islandais: Flotmeisa, Flotmeisa (major)
italien: Cinciallegra
japonais: shijū-kara, shijuukara, yo-roppashijuukara (major guru-pu)
japonais: シジュウカラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ (major グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
géorgien: დიდი წივწივა, დიდი წიწკანა
Khakas: Кöгiзек
kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
coréen: 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
cornique: Penglow bras
scientifique: Parus cinereus, Parus cinereus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major [major Group], Parus major major
luxembourgeois: Schielmees
limbourgeois: Zjwartkop
lituanien: Didžioji zyle, Didžioji zylė
letton: Lielā zīlīte, Lielā zīlīte (major gr.)
macédonien: Голема сипка
malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
mongol: Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
moldave: Pițigoi mare
malais: Burung Serai Bakau
maltais: Fjorentin
népalais: चिचिल्कोटे
néerlandais: koolmees, Koolmees (major groep)
norvégien: kjøttmeis, kjøttmeis (major gr.)
polonais: Bogatka, bogatka (gr. major), bogatka (zwyczajna), bogatka zwyczajna, sikora bogatka
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
portugais: Chapim-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-real, Chapim-real [grupo major]
Romansh: maset grond
roumain: Pițigoi mare, Piţigoi
russe: Большая синица, Большая синица [группа major], Синица большая
sarde: Acutzaferru
écossais: Currac bhain tighearna
sami du Nord: buoidegaccet, fiskesgaccet
slovaque: sýkorka veľká
slovène: velika sinica
albanais: trishtili i madh
serbe: velika sjenica
suédois: talgoxe , talgoxe [major Group]
thaï: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
turc: Büyük baştankara, Büyük Baştankara [major Grubu], Сарыбауыр шымшық
touva: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
ukrainien: Велика синиця, Синиця велика, Синиця велика [група major]
vietnamien: Bạc má, Chim Bạc má
chinois: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 大山雀(欧洲), 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白頰山雀 , 白颊山雀

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