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Macreuse à bec jaune

Melanitta americana (Swainson, WJ 1832)

The black scoter or American scoter is a large sea duck, 43 to 49 cm in length. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek melas "black" and netta "duck". The species name is from the Latin for "American ". Together with the common scoter M. nigra, it forms the subgenus Oidemia; the two are sometimes considered conspecific, the black scoter then being referred to as M. nigra americana. Its French name, used in parts of its Canadian range, is macreuse noire. The species is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Ordre:
  Anseriformes
Famille:
  Anatidae
Genre:
   Melanitta
scientifique:
  Melanitta americana


Original description

Citation:
  (Swainson, WJ 1832)

Référence:
   Fauna Bor.-Amer. pt. 2 Birds [Swainson & Richardson] 2(1831) p.450

Protonyme:
  Oidemia Americana

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27217672


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  B7B1A5DD94724A05

Avibase ID:
  avibase-B7B1A5DD

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/B7B1A5DD


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175173


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta americana: Breeds n Siberia to Alaska; winters to n US
anglais:
Black Scoter
catalan:
Ànec negre americà
tchèque:
turpan žlutozobý
danois:
Amerikansk Sortand
allemand:
Pazifiktrauerente
espagnol:
Negrón americano
Spanish (Spain):
Negrón Americano
finnois:
Amerikanmustalintu
français:
Macreuse à bec jaune
croate:
američka crna patka
hongrois:
nyerges réce
islandais:
Krummönd
italien:
Orchetto marino americano
japonais:
kurogamo
japonais:
クロガモ
lituanien:
Amerikinė juodoji antis
néerlandais:
Amerikaanse Zee-eend
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien:
Amerikasvartand
norvégien:
Amerikasvartand
polonais:
markaczka amerykańska
portugais:
Negrola-americana
russe:
Американская синьга
slovaque:
turpan americký
serbe:
Američki crni turpan
suédois:
amerikansk sjöorre
ukrainien:
синьга американська
chinois:
黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
美洲黑海番鴨


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Macreuse à bec jaune ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Macreuse à bec jaune ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Scoter (American) ( Melanitta nigra americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta americana [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres concepts apparentés

Autres synonymes

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


asturien: Zapateru americanu
azéri: Amerika qılquyruğu
bulgare: Американска траурна потапница
catalan: Ànec negre americà
tchèque: Turpan americký, turpan žlutozobý
gallois: Môr-hwyaden America
danois: Amerikansk Sortand
allemand: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifiktrauerente, Trauerente
grec: Αμερικαvική μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια της Αλάσκας
anglais: American Black Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Black Scoter (American), Common Scoter, Pacific black scoter, Pacific Ocean Scoter, Scoter
English, HBW: Black Scoter
English (IOC): Black Scoter
English (United States): Black Scoter
espéranto: Amerika maranaso
espagnol: Negreta negra, Negrón americano
Spanish (Colombia): Negron americano
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Americano
Spanish (HBW): Negrón americano
Inupiatun, North Alaskan: avinauyuk
Spanish (Mexico): Negreta Pico Amarillo
estonien: ida-mustvaeras
basque: Ahatebeltz amerikar
finnois: Amerikanmustalintu
français: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse à bec jaune americaine, Macreuse noire
frison: Amerikaanske see-ein
irlandais: Scótar Meiriceánach
galicien: Pentumeiro americano
manx; mannois: Thunnag ghob-chrottagh Americaanagh
hébreu: קטיפנית אמריקנית
croate: američka crna patka
hongrois: Amerikai fekete réce, nyerges réce
islandais: Krummaönd, Krummönd
italien: Orchetto marino americano
japonais: kurogamo, kuro-gamo, kuro-tori
japonais: クロガモ, クロトリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒鳥, 黒鴨
coréen: 검둥오리
Korean (Transliteration): geomdung-ori
kirghize: Тынч океан турпаны
scientifique: Anas nigra, Melanitta americana, Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra americana, Melanitta nigra nigra, Oidemia americana, Oidemia americana americana, Oidemia nigra americana
lituanien: Amerikinė juodoji antis
letton: Amerikas melnā pīle
macédonien: Американска црнка
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): kueshkeshepatam, shashteship
néerlandais: Amerikaanse Zee-Eend, Amerikaanse Zeeüend
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien: Amerikasvartand
norvégien: Amerikasvartand
polonais: markaczka amerykanska, markaczka amerykańska
Pinyin: hēi hǎi-fān-yā, měi-zhōu hēi-fú
portugais: Negrola-americana
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-americana
rhéto-roman: Anda naira americana
roumain: Raţă neagră americană
russe: Американская синьга, Синьга, Синьга американская, Тихоокеанская синьга
iakoute: Америка буор атаҕа, Америка буор атах андыта, таас андыта
sami du Nord: Amerihkánjurggu
slovaque: turpan americký
slovène: Ameriška črna raca
serbe: Američki crni turpan
suédois: Amerikansk sjöorre
turc: Amerika kara ördeği, Amerikan Kara Ördeği
ukrainien: синьга американська
chinois: 美洲黑凫, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 美洲黑海番鴨, 美洲黑鳧, 黑海番鴨

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