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Macreuse brune
Melanitta fusca (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Ordre:
  Anseriformes
Famille:
  Anatidae
Genre:
  Melanitta

scientifique:
  Melanitta fusca

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonyme:
  Anas fusca

Avibase ID:
  BAF44E36E8D647CB

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/BAF44E36

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175163


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta fusca: N Eurasia; winters Norway to Spain and Caspian Sea
Source: Clements checklist

anglais:
  Velvet Scoter
tchèque:
  turpan hnědý
allemand:
  Samtente
danois:
  Fløjlsand
espagnol:
  Negrón especulado
finnois:
  pilkkasiipi
français:
  Macreuse brune
islandais:
  Korpönd
italien:
  Orco marino
japonais:
  Biroudo-kinkuro
japonais:
  ヨーロッパビロードキンクロ
néerlandais:
  Grote Zee-eend
norvégien:
  Sjøorre
polonais:
  uhla
portugais:
  Pato-fusco
russe:
  Турпан
slovaque:
  turpan tmavý
suédois:
  svärta
chinois:
  斑脸海番鸭


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Oidemia fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Macreuse brune ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Macreuse brune ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 1.52:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 1.53:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 1.54:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 1.55:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 2015:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 2016:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 2017:
   White-winged Scoter (Velvet) ( Melanitta fusca fusca)
eBird version 2018:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Velvet Scoter ( Melanitta fusca) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta fusca fusca [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta fusca [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Melanitta [fusca or deglandi] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Autres synonymes

asturien: Coríu Pintu
azéri: Qılquyruq ördək
biélorusse: Нырок-свірок
bulgare: Кадифена потапница, Кадифена потапница (ssp. fusca)
breton: An duanenn bras
catalan: Ànec fosc, Ànec fosc eurasiàtic, Ánnera fosca, Morell de mar fosc
Catalan (Balears): Ánnera fosca
Valencian: Morell de mar fosc
tchèque: dř. kachna hnědá, Kachna hnědá, Turpan hnedý, Turpan hnědý, turpan hnědý evropský
gallois: Hwyad felfedog, Hwyaden felfedog, Môr-hwyaden y gogledd
danois: Fløjlsand, Fløjlsand (fusca)
allemand: Samtente, Samtente (fusca)
grec: Βελουδόπαπια
anglais: Asiatic White-winged Scoter, Eurasian White-winged Scoter, Velvet Scoter, White-winged Scoter, White-winged Scoter (Velvet)
English (United Kingdom): Velvet Scoter, Velvet/White-winged Scoter
espéranto: Blankspegula maranaso
espagnol: Negreta Alas Blancas (fusca), Negrón Común, Negrón Especulado
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Especulado, Negrón Especulado (fusca)
Spanish (Mexico): negreta alablanca, Negreta Alas Blancas (fusca)
estonien: Tõmmuvaeras
basque: Ahatebeltz hegazuria, Ahatebetz hegazuri, Ànec fosc
perse: اسکوتر بال‌سفید, اسکوتر (اردک سیاه) بال‌سفید
finnois: Pilkkasiipi, pilkkasiipi (alalaji fusca)
féroïen: Spegilsont, Spegils-ont
français: Macreuse à ailes blanches, Macreuse brune, Macreuse brune (fusca), Macreuse brune (nominal)
irlandais: Sceadach
gaélique: Lach Dhubh
galicien: Ànec fosc, Pentumeiro de ala branca
manx; mannois: Laagh ghoo
hébreu: קטיפנית שחומה
croate: Patka kulašica, Patka kulašica (subsp. fusca)
hongrois: Füstös réce, Füstös réce (füstös)
arménien: [Turpan ], Տուրպան
islandais: Korpönd, Korpönd (fusca)
italien: Orco marino, Orco marino europeo
japonais: birōdo kin-kuro, biro-dokinkuro, Biroodo-kinkuro, Biroudo-kinkuro, yo-roppabiro-dokinkuro (fusca)
japonais: ビロードキンクロ, ヨーロッパビロードキンクロ, ヨーロッパビロードキンクロ (fusca)
Japanese (Kanji): 天鵞絨金黒
géorgien: თეთრფრთიანი გარიელა, ტურპანი
Khakas: Хара öртек
kazakh: Кәдімгі тұрпан
Kazakh (Transliteration): kädimgi turpan
coréen: 검둥오리사촌
Korean (Transliteration): geomdung-ori-sachon
cornique: Mor-hos paly
latin: Anas fusca, Melanitta deglandi, Melanitta fusca, Melanitta fusca fusca, Oidemia fusca
luxembourgeois: Brong Mierint
lituanien: Nuodegule, Nuodėgulė, Paprastoji nuodegulė, paprastoji nuodėgulė
letton: (tumšā pīle), Baltspoguļa tumšpīle, Tumšā pīle, Tumšā pīle (fusca)
macédonien: белокрила црнка
mongol: Дөрт нугас, Тольт монхдой
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠲᠣᠯᠡᠲᠣ ᠮᠣᠩᠬᠳᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠣᠢᠢᠯᠠᠲᠣ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠰᠣ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Буйлт нугас, Хар дөрт нугас
Mongolian (Transliteration): built nugas, dört nug as, khar dört nug as, tol't moŋkhdoi
néerlandais: Grote Zee-eend, Grote zeeëend, Grote Zee-eend (fusca), Grote Zeeend, Grote Zeeüend
norvégien: Heiand, Sjøorre, sjøorre (fusca)
polonais: uhla, uhla (ssp. fusca), uhla (zwyczajna), Uhla zwycajna, uhla zwyczajna
Pinyin: bān liǎn hǎi-fān-yā, hǎi-fān yā, qí-zuǐ yā
portugais: Negrola-d'asa-branca, pato fusco, Pato-fusco
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-d'asa-branca, Negrola-d'asa-branca (fusca)
Romansh: Anda da vali
roumain: Rață catifelată
russe: Горбоносый турпан, Обыкновенный турпан, Турпан, Турпан (подвид fusca), Турпан обыкновенный
écossais: Lach dhub
sindhi: إ پ سً )ا ىٍٻ ا يٌٓ( ثبڃ ٴٕى ي
sami du Nord: Skoarra
slovaque: Turpan tmavý
slovène: beloliska
albanais: Rosa e zezë krahëbardhë
serbe: baršunasti turpan, Баршунасти турпан
suédois: Svärta
turc: Kadife ördek, Kadife Ördek (fusca), Кәдімгі тұрпан
ukrainien: Турпан , Турпан (підвид fusca)
chinois: [ban lian hai-fan-ya], [qí-zui ya], 奇嘴鸭, 斑脸海帆鸭, 斑脸海番鸭, 斑脸海番鸭(欧洲), 斑臉海番鴨, 海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 奇嘴鴨, 斑臉海番鴨, 海番鴨

 

         

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