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Choucas des tours

Corvus monedula Linnaeus, 1758

The Western Jackdaw (Corvus monedula), also known as the Eurasian Jackdaw, European Jackdaw or simply Jackdaw, is a passerine bird in the crow family. Found across Europe, western Asia and North Africa, it is mostly resident, although northern and eastern populations migrate south in winter. Four subspecies are recognised, which mainly differ in the colouration of the plumage on the head and nape. Linnaeus first described it formally, giving it the name Corvus monedula. Later analysis of its DNA suggests that, with its closest relative the Daurian Jackdaw, it is an early offshoot from the genus Corvus, and possibly distinct enough to warrant reclassification in a separate genus, Coloeus. The common name derives from the word "jack", meaning "small", and "daw", the native English name for the bird. Source: Wikipedia




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Photo par flickr.com .


Ordre:
  Passeriformes
Famille:
  Corvidae
Genre:
  Corvus

scientifique:
  Corvus monedula

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.106

Protonyme:
  Corvus Monedula

Avibase ID:
  D4C32F8E792B65BA

Lien court:
  https://avibase.ca/D4C32F8E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 916629

Geographic range:

  • Corvus monedula monedula: Scandinavia; occasionally > to England and France
  • Corvus monedula soemmerringii: E Europe, n and c Asia; > to Iran and nw India (Kashmir)
  • Corvus monedula cirtensis: northeastern Algeria; formerly also northwestern Tunisia, that population now extinct
  • Corvus monedula spermologus: western and central Europe, including the British Isles, and Morocco and northwestern Algeria
anglais:
Eurasian Jackdaw
tchèque:
kavka obecná
allemand:
Dohle
danois:
Allike
espagnol:
Grajilla Occidental
finnois:
naakka
français:
Choucas des tours
islandais:
Dvergkráka
italien:
Taccola
japonais:
nishikokumarugarasu
japonais:
ニシコクマルガラス
néerlandais:
Kauw
norvégien:
Kaie
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien:
Kaie
polonais:
kawka
portugais:
Gralha-de-nuca-cinzenta
russe:
Галка
slovaque:
kavka tmavá
suédois:
kaja
ukrainien:
Галка звичайна
chinois:
寒鸦


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Choucas des tours ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Choucas des tours ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Western Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Western Jackdaw ( Coloeus monedula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Corvus monedula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Corvus monedula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Corvus monedula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Eurasian Jackdaw ( Corvus monedula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Corvus monedula [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Coloeus monedula [version 1]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Corvus [monedula or dauuricus] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

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Taxons apparentés

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Autres concepts apparentés

Autres synonymes


arabe: غراب الزرع
asturien: Capiella
azéri: Dolaşa
biélorusse: kaŭka, Галка, каўка
bulgare: čavka, Чавка
breton: Ar c'havran tour, Bran-tour, Frav, kavan-tour
catalan: Gralla, gralla occidental
Catalan (Balears): Gralla
Montenegrin: čavka
tchèque: kavka, Kavka obecná
tchouvache: Чавка, Чана
gallois: Cawci, Coegfran, Cogfran, Corfran, Jac ffa, jac-do, jac-y-do
danois: Allike
allemand: Dohle
grec: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Κάργια, [kargia], kargia, Κάργια, Κολοιός
Greek (Cypriot): Κολοιός
anglais: Common Jackdaw, eurasian crow, Eurasian Jackdaw, Jackdaw, Western Jackdaw
English (IOC): Western Jackdaw
espéranto: korveto, monedo
espagnol: Casanueces, Grajilla, Grajilla Común, Grajilla Occidental, Grajilla сomún
Spanish (Spain): Grajilla Occidental
Spanish (HBW): Grajilla occidental
estonien: Hakk, Kaelushakk
basque: bele txiki, Bele txikia, Beletxikia, Gralla
perse: کلاغ گردن‌بور
finnois: Naakka
féroïen: rókur
français: choucas, Choucas des tours, Choucas gris
frioulan: çore cenerine, cornete
frison: ka
irlandais: cág, Cathóg, gralla cereixeira
gaélique: Cathag, Gathag
galicien: Gralla, Gralla pequena
manx; mannois: Caaig, caaig doo-chassagh, Juan Teayst
hébreu: קאק
croate: Cavka, Čavka, Čavka zlogodnjača
hongrois: Csóka
arménien: [Sovorakan Chay ], Սովորական Ճայ
islandais: Dvergkráka
italien: Taccola, Taccola eurasiatica
japonais: Fuyu-garasu, Kan-garasu, Nishi koku-maru garasu, nishikokumarugarasu, Nishi-kokumaru-garasu, nishikokumarukarasu
japonais: カンガラス, ニシコクマルカラス, ニシコクマルガラス, フユガラス
Japanese (Kanji): 西黒丸烏, 西黒丸鴉
géorgien: ჩვეულებრივი ჭკა, ჭკა
Khakas: Таан
kazakh: Шауқарға
Kazakh (Transliteration): şaw-qarğa
coréen: 갈가마귀
cornique: chogha
scientifique: Coleus monedula, Coloeus monedula, Corvus monedula, Corvus monedula monedula
judéo-espagnol: agacion, cornacia
luxembourgeois: Steekueb
lituanien: eurazinė kuosa, Kauka, Kniaukė, Kovukas, kuosa, Pusvarnė, Varnelė
letton: kovarnis, kovārnis
macédonien: čavka, чавка
mongol: Хар алагтуу, Харлаг хэрээ
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠬᠡᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠠᠭᠣ
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar alagtuu, kharlag kheree
moldave: Stăncuță
maltais: Cawla, ċawla
néerlandais: Kauw
norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien: Kaie
norvégien: Kaie
provençal: gralhon
polonais: kawka, kawka (zwyczajna), Kawka zwyczajna
Pinyin: cí wū, hán-yā, xiǎo shān lǎo-guā, xiào yā
portugais: gralha de nuca cinzenta, Gralha -de- nuca -cinzenta, Gralha-de-nuca-cinzenta
Portuguese (Portugal): Gralha-de-nuca-cinzenta
Romansh: curnagl grisch, tulaun
roumain: Stăncuță, stancuta, stăncuţă
russe: Galka, Галка, Галка обыкновенная
sarde: carroga, carroghedda, corbittu, corrancra, corronca campidanesa, tàccula, tŕccula
écossais: cathag, Gathag
sindhi: ٽلاٯ ځ ىَنثًٍ
sami du Nord: toardnagájon
slovaque: kavka, Kavka obyčajná, kavka tmavá
slovène: kavka
albanais: Gala, stërqoka
serbe: cavka, čavka, чавка
suédois: Kaja
turkmène: küçük karga
turc: Küçük karga, Шауқарға
touva: Таан
ukrainien: galka, галка, Галка звичайна
Sorbian, Lower: kawka
Sorbian, Upper: kawka
chinois: [han-ya], 孝鸦, 寒 鸦, 寒鸦, 小山老鸹, 慈鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 孝鴉, 寒鴉, 寒鴉〔西方寒鴉〕, 小山老鴰, 慈烏

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