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Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra) is a large sea duck, 43–54 cm in length, which breeds over the far north of Europe and Asia east to the Olenyok River. The American/E Siberian M. americana (Black Scoter) is sometimes considered a subspecies of M. nigra. Source: Wikipedia




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ordem:
  Anseriformes
família:
  Anatidae
Gênero:
  
Melanitta

científico:
  Melanitta nigra

Citação:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Referência:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas nigra

Avibase ID:
  246981996A4998ED

Ligação curta:
  https://avibase.ca/24698199

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175171

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta nigra: N Eurasia; winters w Europe to Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
inglês:
Common Scoter
Catalan:
Ànec negre comú
Checo:
turpan černý
dinamarquês:
Sortand
alemão:
Trauerente
espanhol:
Negrón común
Spanish (Spain):
Negrón Común
finlandês:
mustalintu
francês:
Macreuse noire
Croata:
Crna patka
Húngaro:
Feketeréce
Islândico:
Hrafnsönd
italiano:
Orchetto marino
Japonês:
yo-roppakurogamo
japonês:
ヨーロッパクロガモ
Lituano:
Juodoji antis
neerlandês:
Zwarte Zee-eend
Nynorsk:
Svartand
Norueguês:
Svartand
Polonês:
markaczka
português:
negrola
Russo:
Синьга
Eslovaco:
turpan čierny
Sérvio:
crni turpan
Sueco:
sjöorre
Ucraniano:
Синьга
Mandarim:
普通海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
黑海番鴨〔普通海番鴨〕


Autoridades reconhecendo esse conceito taxonômico:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Scoter (Eurasian) ( Melanitta nigra nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra [version 1]

Estatuto taxonómico:

Estatuto específico: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Este taxon é considerado uma subespécie de Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) por alguns autores

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táxons relacionados

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Outros conceitos relacionados

Outros sinónimos


Asturian: Coríu Moru, Coríu Prietu, Zapateru común
Azerbaijão: Qara qılquyruq, singə qılquyruğu, Sinqə, Sinqə qılquyruq
Belarusian: Нырок-сiньга, Нырок-сіньга
Búlgaro: Траурна потапница
Bretão: An duanenn boutin, Duanenn voutin
Catalan: Ànec negre, Ànec negre comú, Ànnera negra, Morell de mar negre
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera negra
Valencian: Morell de mar negre
Montenegrin: crna turpan, црни турпан
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црни турпан
Checo: dř. kachna černá, Kachna černá, Turpan cerný, Turpan černý
Chuvash: синьга, хура кăвакал
Galês: For hwyad ddu, Hwyaden ddu, Môr-hwyaden America, Môr-hwyaden ddu
dinamarquês: Sortand
alemão: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifische Trauerente, Trauerente
Grego: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπαπια
inglês: Black Scoter, Black Scoter (Eurasian), Common Scoter, European Common Scoter
English, HBW: Common Scoter
English (IOC): Common Scoter
English (United States): Common Scoter
Esperanto: Nigra maranaso
espanhol: Negrón Común
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Común
Spanish (HBW): Negrón común
Spanish (Mexico): Negreta Común, negreta negra
Estoniano: Mustvaeras
Basco: Ahatebeltz, Ahatebeltz arrunt, Ahatebeltz arrunta, Ànec negre
Evenki: дэпэлгун, ко̄ӈа̄ла̄н, лэгэгды
Persa: اسکوتر سیاه , اسکوتر سیاه (اردک سیاه), سیاه ‌اردک معمولی, سیاه‌اردک معمولی
finlandês: Mustalintu
Faroês: Kolont
francês: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse noire
French (Canada): Macreuse noire d'Eurasie
Frisão: Swarte see-ein
Irlandês: Scótar, scótar dubh
Gaélico: Lach Bheag Dhubh, Tunnag Dhubh
Galego: Ànec negre, Mourelo común, Pentumeiro, Pentumeiro común
Manx: Thunnag ghob chrottagh, Thunnag ghob-chrottagh
Hebraico: קטיפנית שחורה
Croata: Crna patka
Húngaro: Fekete réce, Feketeréce
Armênio: Սև տուրպան
Islândico: Hrafnsönd
italiano: Orchetto marino
Japonês: Kuro-gamo, Kuro-tori, yo-roppakurogamo
japonês: クロガモ, クロトリ, ヨーロッパクロガモ
Georgiano: ჩვეულებრივი გარიელა
Cazaque: Қара тұрпан, көктыран
Coreano: 검둥오리
Karachay-Balkar: тенгиз бабуш
North Karelian: muštašorša
Cornish: Mor-hos du
Quirquiz: кара турпан
Científico: Anas nigra, Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra nigra, Oedemia nigra, Oidemia nigra nigra
Luxemburguês: Schwaarz Mierint
Lituano: Juodoji antis
Latviano: Jūras teteris, Melnā pīle, Melnā tumšpīle
Macedônio: Обична црнка
Maltês: Borka Sewda, papra bellusija
neerlandês: Zwarte Zee-Eend, Zwarte zeeëend, Zwarte Zeeend, Zwarte Zeeüend
Nynorsk: Svartand
Norueguês: Svartand
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): muzavanharmaisorzu, telkät, telkku, telkky, tölkky
Polonês: markaczka, markaczka (zwyczajna), Markaczka amerykańska, markaczka zwyczajna
português: Negrola, pato negro, Pato-negro, Pato-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-comum
Romansh: anda naira
Rhaeto-Romance: Anda naira
Romeno: Rață neagră, Rață negricioasă, Raţă neagră
Russo: Cиньга, Синьга, Синьга обыкновенная, Синьга турпан, черный турпан
Yakut: буор атах, буор атах анды, лаама андыта, Лаамы андыта, чуубурҕас анды
Scots: Lach bheag dhub
Northern Sami: Njurggu, Njurgu
Eslovaco: Turpan čierny
Esloveno: crna raca, črna raca
Albanês: Rosa e zezë
Sérvio: Crna plovka, crni turpan, turpan, Турпан, Црна пловка
Sueco: Sjöorre
Turcomeno: gögümtil ördek
Turco: Kara ördek
Tártaro: урман-тундра күлләре чумгалагы
Udmurt: сьӧд сюлы
Ucraniano: Синьга , Синьга євразійська
Mandarim: [hei hai-fan-ya], 普通海番鸭, 黑海帆鸭, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 黑海番鴨, 黑海番鴨〔普通海番鴨〕

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