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Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)

Larus fuscus graellsii Brehm, AE, 1857




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ordem:
  Charadriiformes
família:
  Laridae
Gênero:
  
Larus

científico:
  Larus fuscus graellsii

Citação:
  Brehm, AE, 1857

Referência:
  Allg.DeutscheNat.Zeit.,N.F. p.483

Protonym:
  Larus Graellsii

Avibase ID:
  DC679FC75E87312F

Ligação curta:
  https://avibase.ca/DC679FC7

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176822

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
inglês:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Catalan:
Gavià fosc (graellsii)
Checo:
racek žlutonohý (ssp. graellsii)
dinamarquês:
Sildemåge, Britisk (ssp. graellsii)
alemão:
Heringsmöwe (graellsii)
espanhol:
Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Spain):
Gaviota sombría (graellsii)
finlandês:
selkälokki (graellsii)
francês:
Goéland brun (graellsii)
Húngaro:
Heringsirály (graellsii)
Islândico:
Sílamáfur (graellsii)
italiano:
Zafferano (graellsii)
Japonês:
nishisegurokamome (graellsii)
japonês:
ニシセグロカモメ(graellsii)
Lituano:
Silkinis kiras (graellsii)
neerlandês:
Kleine Mantelmeeuw (graellsii)
Norueguês:
sildemåke (graellsii)
Polonês:
mewa brytyjska (L.f. graellsii)
Portuguęs (Brasil):
gaivota-da-asa-escura (graellsii)
Russo:
Клуша (graellsii)
Eslovaco:
čajka tmavochrbtá (skup.)
Sérvio:
Mrki galeb (graellsii)
Sueco:
silltrut (atlantsilltrut)
Ucraniano:
Мартин чорнокрилий (підвид graellsii)
Mandarim:
小黑背银鸥 (graellsii)


Autoridades reconhecendo esse conceito taxonômico:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Larus fuscus graellsii
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsii
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Clements, version 2021:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements, version 2015:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2016:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2017:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2018:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2019:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
eBird version 1.50:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.52:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.55:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 2015:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2016:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2017:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2018:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2019:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2021:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
James Lee Peters (original):
Larus fuscus graellsii
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]

Estatuto taxonómico:

Estatuto específico: subspecies (candidate for split)

Este taxon é uma subespécie de Larus fuscus

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táxons relacionados

Arranjos alternativos: 1  2  3  4  5  6  7 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Outros conceitos relacionados

Outros sinónimos


Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu (graellsii)
Árabe : نورس أغبس (graellsii)
Asturian: Gaviota escura (graellsii)
Azerbaijão: Kiçik qarabel qağayı (graellsii yarımnövü)
Búlgaro: Малка черногърба чайка (ssp. graellsii)
Catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavià fosc (graellsii)
Checo: racek žlutonohý (ssp. graellsii)
dinamarquês: Britisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge (graellsii), Sildemåge, Britisk (ssp. graellsii)
alemão: Heringsmöwe (graellsii), Heringsmöwe-graellsii
Grego: Μελανόγλαρος (graellsii)
inglês: Dark-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii), Western Lesser Black-backed Gull
English, HBW: Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
English (IOC): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
English (United States): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
espanhol: Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Cuba): Gallegón pequeño de espalda negra (graellsii)
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor (graellsii)
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (HBW): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor (graellsii)
Estoniano: atlandi tõmmukajakas
Basco: Kaio iluna (graellsii)
Persa: کاکایی پشت ‌سیاه کوچک (graellsii)
finlandês: selkälokki (alalaji graellsii), selkälokki (graellsii)
Faroês: Likka, Likka (graellsii)
francês: Goéland brun, Goéland brun (graellsii), Goéland brun occidental
Galego: Gaivota escura (graellsii)
Hebraico: שחף שחור בריטי
Húngaro: Heringsirály (graellsii)
Armênio: Փոքր ծովաորոր (graellsii)
Islândico: Sílamáfur (graellsii)
italiano: Zafferano (graellsii)
Japonês: nishisegurokamome (graellsii)
japonês: ニシセグロカモメ (graellsii), ニシセグロカモメ(graellsii)
Científico: Larus fuscus britannicus, Larus fuscus graellsi, Larus fuscus graellsii, Larus graellsii
Lituano: Silkinis kiras (graellsii)
Latviano: Rietumu reņģu kaija
neerlandês: Kleine Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw (graellsii)
Norueguês: Sildemåke (graellsii), Sildemåke, underarten graellsii
Polonês: mewa brytyjska, mewa brytyjska (L.f. graellsii)
Portuguęs (Brasil): gaivota-da-asa-escura (graellsii)
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivota-d'asa-escura (graellsii)
Russo: Клуша (graellsii), Клуша (подвид graellsii)
Eslovaco: čajka tmavochrbtá, čajka tmavochrbtá (skup.)
Esloveno: Rjavi galeb (graellsii)
Sérvio: Mrki galeb (graellsii)
Sueco: silltrut (atlantsilltrut), silltrut (graellsii)
Tailandês: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก (ตะวันตก)
Turco: Kara Sırtlı Martı (graellsii)
Ucraniano: Мартин чорнокрилий (підвид graellsii)
Mandarim: 小黑背银鸥 (graellsii)

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