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gaivotão-real

Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

The Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus), also known as the Greater Black-backed Gull or, informally, as the Black-back, is the largest member of the gull family. It breeds on the European and North American coasts and islands of the North Atlantic and is fairly sedentary, though some Black-backs move farther south or inland to large lakes or reservoirs. Source: Wikipedia




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ordem:
  Charadriiformes
família:
  Laridae
Gênero:
  
Larus

científico:
  Larus marinus

Citação:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Referência:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus marinus

Avibase ID:
  E826E9F3FBAED223

Ligação curta:
  https://avibase.ca/E826E9F3

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176815

Geographic range:

  • Larus marinus: Palearctic and ne N Am.; winters to W Indies and Iberian Pen.
inglês:
Great Black-backed Gull
Catalan:
Gavinot atlàntic
Checo:
racek mořský
dinamarquês:
Svartbag
alemão:
Mantelmöwe
espanhol:
Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (Spain):
Gavión Atlántico
finlandês:
merilokki
francês:
Goéland marin
Croata:
Veliki tamnoleđi galeb
Húngaro:
Dolmányos sirály
Islândico:
Svartbakur
italiano:
Mugnaiaccio
Japonês:
ookamome
japonês:
オオカモメ
Lituano:
Balnotasis kiras
neerlandês:
Grote Mantelmeeuw
Nynorsk:
Svartbak
Norueguês:
Svartbak
Polonês:
mewa siodłata
português:
gaivotão-real
Russo:
Морская чайка
Eslovaco:
čajka morská
Sérvio:
Crni galeb
Sueco:
havstrut
Ucraniano:
Мартин морський
Mandarim:
大黑背鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
大黑背鷗


Autoridades reconhecendo esse conceito taxonômico:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Larus marinus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Larus marinus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Larus marinus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus marinus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus marinus [version 1]

Estatuto taxonómico:

Estatuto específico: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Este taxon é considerado uma subespécie de Larus [marinus or dominicanus] (sensu lato) por alguns autores

Seus avistamentos

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Outros sinónimos


Árabe : النورس اسود, نورس أسود الظهر كبير
Asturian: Gaviluetu, Gavión, Gaviotón atlánticu
Azerbaijão: böyük beliqara qağayı, böyük qarabel qağayı
Bashkir: диңгеҙ аҡсарлағы
Belarusian: Марская чайка, Чайка марская
Búlgaro: Голяма черногърба чайка
Bretão: Ar gouelan bras, Gouelan bras, Guillou
Catalan: Gavinot, Gavinot atlàntic
Catalan (Balears): Gavinot
Montenegrin: crni galeb, црни галеб
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црни галеб
Checo: racek moøský, Racek morský, Racek mořský
Chuvash: тинĕс чарланĕ
Galês: Copsyn y môr, Gwylan gefnddu fawr, Gwylan gefnddu fwyaf
dinamarquês: Svartbag
alemão: Mantelmöve, Mantelmowe, Mantelmöwe
Grego: Γιγαvτόγλαρoς, Γιγαντόγλαρος, Πελαγόγλαρος
Greek (Cypriot): Πελαγόγλαρος
inglês: Great Black-backed Gull, Great-Black-backed Gull, Greater Black-backed Gull
English, HBW: Great Black-backed Gull
English (IOC): Great Black-backed Gull
English (United States): Great Black-backed Gull
Esperanto: nigramantela mevo
espanhol: Gavión, Gavión Atlántico, Gaviota de Espalda Negra Mayor, Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, Gaviota Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Spanish (Colombia): Gavión
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (Cuba): Gallegón
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gavión
Spanish (Spain): Gavión Atlántico
Spanish (HBW): Gavión atlántico
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, Gaviota Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Gaviota Espaldinegra
Estoniano: Merikajakas
Basco: Gavinot, Kaio beltz, Kaio beltza
Persa: کاکایی پشت‌ سیاه بزرگ, کاکایی پشت‌سیاه بزرگ
finlandês: Merilokki
Faroês: Bakur, Svartbakur, Svartbakur/bakur
francês: Goéland à manteau noir, Goéland marin
Frisão: Grutte sjouwerman
Irlandês: Droimneach Mór
Gaélico: Farspach, Farspag
Galego: Gaivotón, Gaivotón atlántico, Gavinot
Manx: Juan Mooar
Haitian Creole French: Mòv pye nwa
Hebraico: שחף ימי
Croata: Veliki galeb, Veliki tamnoleđi galeb
Húngaro: Dolmányos sirály
Islândico: Svartbakur
italiano: Mugnaiaccio
Inuktitut: Naajarluk
Japonês: ookamome
japonês: オオカモメ
Georgiano: ზღვის დიდი თოლია, ზღვის თოლია
Cazaque: теңіз шағаласы, Тењіз шағала
Groenlandês: Naajarluk
North Karelian: merilokka
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du
Quirquiz: деңиз ири чардагы, ири деңиз чардагы
Científico: Larus marinus
Luxemburguês: Mantelméiw
Lituano: Balnotasis kiras, Balnuotasis kiras
Latviano: Melnspārnu kaija
Macedônio: Голем морски галеб, Голем црногрб галеб
Moldovo: Pescăruș negru
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): mishi-tshiashku
Maltês: Gawwija Imperjali
neerlandês: Grote Mantelmeeuw
Nynorsk: Svartbak
Norueguês: Havskår, Stormåse, Svartbak
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): selgykajoi
Polonês: Mewa blada, mewa siodlata, mewa siodłata
português: Alcatraz-comum, gaivota grande, Gaivota-grande, Gaivotão-real
Portuguęs (Brasil): Gaivotão-real [portugais]
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivotão-real
Romansh: Muetta da mar
Rhaeto-Romance: Muetta da mar
Romeno: Pescăruș negru, Pescăruş negru
Russo: Morskaya Chayka, Большая морская чайка, Морская чайка, Чайка морская
Northern Sami: Gáiru
Eslovaco: Čajka morská
Esloveno: veliki galeb
Albanês: Pulëbardha shpinëzezë
Sérvio: Crni galeb, Veliki galeb, Велики галеб
Sueco: Havstrut
Turco: Büyük Kara Sırtlı Martı, büyük kara syrtly marty, Büyük Karasırtlı Martı, Büyük Kara-sırtlı Martı, Büyük Siyah Martı
Tártaro: диңгез акчарлагы
Ucraniano: Великий морський мартин, Мартин морський , Морський мартин
Uzbeque: денгиз балиқчиси
Kalmyk: мөрн цах
Mandarim: 大黑背鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 大黑背鷗

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