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желанный гость

Чёрный дрозд

Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus] (= Turdus merula) Linnaeus, 1758




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Изображение размещено при поддержке flickr.com.


Отряд:
  Passeriformes
Семейство:
  Turdidae
Род:
  Turdus

Научный:
  Turdus merula

цитирование:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Справка:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.170

Протоним:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Короткая ссылка:
  https://avibase.ca/1BB50DE8

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: breeds eastern China (from southern Gansu and southern Shaanxi south through eastern Sichuan to western Yunnan, east to Hebei and Guangdong); partially migratory, wintering to Hainan and northern Indochina
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: east central China (central Sichuan); resident?
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Показать больше...
Английский:
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
Чешский:
kos černý
Немецкий:
Amsel
датский:
Solsort
Испанский:
Mirlo Común
Финский:
mustarastas
Французский:
Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Исландский:
Svartþröstur
Итальянский:
Merlo
Японский:
kuroutadori
японский:
クロウタドリ
Голландский:
Merel
Норвежский:
Svarttrost
Польский:
kos
Португальский:
Melro-preto
Русский:
Чёрный дрозд
Словакский:
drozd čierny
Шведский:
Koltrast
Украинский:
Чорний дрізд
Китайский:
乌鸫


Источники, признающие этот таксон

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
European Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Merle noir ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Turdus merula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Turdus merula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Turdus merula [version 1]

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: species group (sometimes a species)

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Связанные таксоны

Альтернативные варианты: 1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Другие синонимы


Арабский: الشحرور
Asturian: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
Азербайджанский: Qara qaratoyuğu
Белорусский: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
Болгарский: kos, Кос
бенгальский: পাতি কালিদামা
Бретонский: Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
Каталанский: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
Чешский: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
Уэльский: Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
датский: Solsort
Немецкий: Amsel
Греческий: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπουλλος
Английский: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
Эсперанто: merlo
Испанский: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
Эстонский: Musträstas
Баскский: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
Финский: Mustarastas, rastas
Фарерский: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
Французский: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Friulian: mierli
Фризский: swarte lyster
Ирландский: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
Гаэльский (шотландский): Lon-Dubh
галисийский: melro común, Merla , Merlo
Мэнский: lhondoo
Иврит: שחרור
Хорватский: Kos
Венгерский: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
армянский: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
Исландский: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
Итальянский: Merlo, Merlo comune
Японский: kuro uta-dori, kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
японский: クロウタドリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒歌鳥
грузинский: შაშვი
Kazakh: Қара сайрақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara sayraq
корейский: 대륙검은지빠귀
Cornish: molgh dhu
научный: Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus], Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
Ladino: merlo
Люксембургский: Märel
Литовский: juodasis strazdas
Латышский: melnais meža strazds
Македонский: kos, кос, Ќос
малаялам: കരിങ്കിളി
монгольский: Хар хөөндэй
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khööndei
Мальтийский: malvizz iswed
Голландский: Merel
Норвежский: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
окситанском: mèrle
Польский: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Pinyin: wū-dōng
Португальский: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
Румынский: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
Русский: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Sardinian: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
Scots: lon dubh
Северный Саамский: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
Словакский: drozd, Drozd čierny
Словенский: kos
Албанский: mëllënja
Сербский: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
Шведский: Koltrast
тайский: นกเดินดงสีดำ
туркменский: karatavuk
Турецкий: Karatavuk, Қара сайрақ
Украинский: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
Китайский: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇
Chinese (Traditional): 烏鶇

С 24 июня 2003 года Avibase посетили 291 914 092 раз. © Denis Lepage | Политика конфиденциальности Перевод этой страницы на русский язык выполнила Виктория Маслакова