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желанный гость

Гагарка

Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758

The Razorbill (Alca torda) is a colonial seabird that only comes to land in order to breed. This agile bird chooses one partner for life; females lay one egg per year. Razorbills nest along coastal cliffs in enclosed or slightly exposed crevices. The parents spend equal amounts of time incubating. Once the chick has hatched, the parents take turns foraging for their young and sometimes fly long distances before finding prey. Source: Wikipedia




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Изображение размещено при поддержке flickr.com.


Отряд:
  Charadriiformes
Семейство:
  Alcidae
Род:
  Alca

Научный:
  Alca torda

цитирование:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Справка:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.130

Протоним:
  Alca Torda

Avibase ID:
  64F4DD81371B269F

Короткая ссылка:
  https://avibase.ca/64F4DD81

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176971

Geographic range:

  • Alca torda torda: NE North America; Scandinavia to Murmansk and White Sea
  • Alca torda islandica: Iceland and Br. Isles to France; winters to Mediterranean
Английский:
Razorbill
Чешский:
alka malá
Немецкий:
Tordalk
датский:
Alk
Испанский:
Alca Común
Финский:
ruokki
Французский:
Petit Pingouin
Исландский:
Álka
Итальянский:
Gazza marina
Японский:
oohashiumigarasu
японский:
オオハシウミガラス
Голландский:
Alk
Норвежский:
Alke
норвежском:
Alke
Польский:
alka
Португальский:
Torda-mergulheira
Русский:
Гагарка
Словакский:
alka vrúbkozobá
Шведский:
tordmule
Украинский:
Гагарка мала
Китайский:
刀嘴海雀


Источники, признающие этот таксон

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Petit Pingouin ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Petit Pingouin ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Alca torda [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Alca torda [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Alca torda [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Alca torda [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Alca torda [version 1]

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: full species

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Связанные таксоны

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Другие связанные понятия

Другие синонимы


Asturian: Alca, Monxa
Болгарский: Дебелоклюна гагарка
Бретонский: An erv beg plat, Ero beg plat
Каталанский: Gavot, Pingdai
Catalan (Balears): Pingdai
Montenegrin: oštrokljuna njorka
Чешский: Alka malá
Уэльский: Aderyn brith, Gwalch y penweig, Gwalch y pysgod, Llurs
датский: Alk
Немецкий: Tordalk
Английский: Razorbill, Razor-billed Auk
English (IOC): Razorbill
Эсперанто: aûko
Испанский: Alca, Alca Común
Spanish (Spain): Alca Común
Spanish (HBW): Alca común
Эстонский: Alk
Баскский: Gavot , Pottorro arrunta
Финский: Ruokki
Фарерский: Álka, Nakkalanga
Французский: Gode, Petit Pingouin, Pingouin torda, Pinguin torda
Ирландский: Crosán
Гаэльский (шотландский): Coltraiche, Falc
галисийский: Carolo, Gavot
Мэнский: Coltrag
Иврит: אלקה
Хорватский: Oštrokljuna njorka
Венгерский: Alka
Исландский: Álka
Итальянский: Gazza marina
Японский: oohashiumigarasu
японский: オオハシウミガラス
Гренландский: Apparluk
Cornish: Gelvyn lym
научный: Alca torda, Alca torda torda
Литовский: Alka
Латышский: Lielais alks
Мальтийский: Mus, Mus tal-Baħar
Голландский: Alk
норвежском: Alke
Норвежский: Alke, Brednebbet alke, Klubbalke
Польский: alka, alka (zwyczajna), Alka krzywonosa, Alka zwyczajna, Nurzyk polarny
Португальский: torda mergulhadeira, Torda-mergulhadeira, Torda-mergulheira
Portuguese (Portugal): Torda-mergulheira
Русский: Gagarka, Гагарка
Северный Саамский: Hálkka
Словакский: Alka vrúbkozobá
Словенский: mala njorka, njorka
Сербский: Alk, mala njorka, Oštrokljuna njorka, Алк
Шведский: Tordmule
Турецкий: Usturagaga
Украинский: Гагарка мала
Китайский: 刀嘴海雀
Chinese (Traditional): 刀嘴海雀

С 24 июня 2003 года Avibase посетили 297 129 370 раз. © Denis Lepage | Политика конфиденциальности Перевод этой страницы на русский язык выполнила Виктория Маслакова