желанный гость

Желна

Dryocopus martius (Linnaeus, 1758)

The black woodpecker is a large woodpecker that lives in mature forests across the northern Palearctic. It is the sole representative of its genus in that region. Its range is expanding. It does not migrate. This species is closely related to, and fills the same ecological niche in Europe as, the pileated woodpecker of North America and the lineated woodpecker of South America. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Отряд:
  Piciformes
Семейство:
  Picidae
Род:
   Dryocopus
Научный:
  Dryocopus martius


Original description

цитирование:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Справка:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.112

Протоним:
  Picus martius

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727017


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  EDB4BBA6E765E593

Avibase ID:
  avibase-EDB4BBA6

Короткая ссылка:
  https://avibase.ca/EDB4BBA6


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 554101

Geographic range:

  • Dryocopus martius [martius or pinetorum]: Coniferous and beech forests of Eurasia
  • Dryocopus martius khamensis: Tibet and sw China
Английский:
Black Woodpecker
Каталанский:
Picot negre euroasiàtic
Чешский:
datel černý
датский:
Sortspætte
Немецкий:
Schwarzspecht
Испанский:
Picamaderos Negro
Spanish (Spain):
Picamaderos negro
Финский:
palokärki
Французский:
Pic noir
Хорватский:
Crna žuna
Венгерский:
Fekete harkály
Исландский:
Svartspæta
Итальянский:
Picchio nero
Японский:
kumagera
японский:
クマゲラ
Литовский:
Juodoji meleta
Голландский:
Zwarte Specht
норвежском:
Svartspett
Норвежский:
Svartspett
Польский:
dzięcioł czarny
Португальский:
Pica-pau-preto
Русский:
Желна
Словакский:
tesár čierny
Сербский:
Crna žuna
Шведский:
spillkråka
Украинский:
Жовна чорна
Китайский:
黑啄木鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
黑啄木


Источники, признающие этот таксон

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Pic noir ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Pic noir ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Dryocopus martius [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Dryocopus martius [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Dryocopus martius [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Woodpecker ( Dryocopus martius) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Dryocopus martius [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Dryocopus martius [version 1]

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: full species

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Связанные таксоны

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Другие синонимы


Abkhazian: аКЬаркьал, аҮларкәыкә еиқәаүәа , аҮларкәыкәеиқәаүәа
Бурский: Swartspeg
Asturian: Picafayes, Picafayes européu
Азербайджанский: Qara ağacdələn
Bashkir: ҡара туҡран, ҡара тумыртҡа
Белорусский: žaŭna, жаўна, Жаўна чорная, Чорная жаўна
Болгарский: čeren k"lvač, Черен кълвач
бенгальский: কারা কাঠমঠাকযা
Bengali (transliteration): kālā kāṭhaṭhōkarā*
Бретонский: Ar speg du, speg du
Каталанский: Formiguer, Picot negre, Picot negre euroasiàtic
Valencian: Formiguer
Montenegrin: crna žuna, црна жуна
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црна жуна
Чешский: datel, Datel cerný, Datel černý, datel èerný
Chuvash: тăхран, хора катка, хора тăхран, хура кайăк, хура ула такка, хура улатакка
Уэльский: cnocell ddu, coblyn du
датский: Sortspætte
Немецкий: Schwarzspecht, Schwarzspecht 
Греческий: [maurotsiklitara], maurotsiklitara, Μαύρος Δρυοκολάπτης, Μαυροτσικλιτάρα
Emiliano-romagnolo: Coltort
Английский: Black Woodpecker, Great Black Woodpecker
English, HBW: Black Woodpecker
English (IOC): Black Woodpecker
English (United States): Black Woodpecker
Эсперанто: nigra pego
Испанский: Picamaderos Negro, Pico negro, Pito Negro
Spanish (Spain): Picamaderos negro, Pito Negro
Spanish (HBW): Picamaderos negro
Эстонский: Musträhn
Баскский: okil beltz, Okil beltza, Picot negre
Evenki: кирэктэ, кирэктэвун, кирэктэл, хорнокун
персидский: دارکوب سیاه
Финский: Palokärki
Фарерский: svartspæta
Французский: Pic noir
Friulian: pic, pic neri, picot, picot neri
Фризский: Swarte Spjocht, wâldspjocht
Ирландский: cnagaire dubh, peto
Гаэльский (шотландский): Cnag dhubh
галисийский: Peto formigueiro, Peto negro, Picot negre
Мэнский: snoggeyder doo
Иврит: נקר שחור
Хорватский: crna žuna, Crni mravozub
Венгерский: Fekete harkály
армянский: [Sev Paytpor ], Սև Փայտփոր
Исландский: Svartspæta
Итальянский: Colstòrt, Picchio nero
Modenese: Colstòrt
Японский: kumagera, Kuma-gera
японский: クマゲラ
Japanese (Kanji): 熊啄木鳥
грузинский: შავი კოდალა, ხეკაკუნა
Kara-Kalpak: қара тоқылдаўық
Kabardian: жыгыуӀуфӀыцӀэ
Mongolian, Halh: тогшуурга
Khakas: Хара тас
Kazakh: Дүпілдек, желна, Қара тоқылдақ, күркілдек
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara toqıldaq
корейский: 가막딱다구리, 까막딱다구리, 까막딱따구리
Korean (Transliteration): kkamak-ttakdaguri
Kanuri: 까막딱다구리
North Karelian: palokärki
Cornish: Casek-cos du, kasek koes du
киргизский: кара доңкулдак, кара тоңкулдак
научный: Dryocopus martius, Dryocopus martius martius, Picus martius
Ladino: becalen fosch
Люксембургский: Schwaarze Spiecht , Schwaarzspiecht
Литовский: Juodasis genys, juodoji meleta
Латышский: Klienis, melna dzilna, melnā dzilna
Македонский: crn klukajdrvec, црн клукаjдрвец, Црн клукајдрвец
монгольский: тогшуурга, Улаан сарт тоншуурга, Хар тогшуурга, Хар тоншуул
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хар тоншуул
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar togshuurag , khar toŋshuul, ulaaŋ sart toŋshuurag
Moldavian: Ciocănitoare neagră
Мальтийский: bulebbiet aħdar, Bullebiet iswed
Голландский: Zwarte Specht
норвежском: Svartspett
Норвежский: Gjertrudsfugl, Regnpip, Svartspett
окситанском: pic negre
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): närhi, närhin, närhit
Польский: dzieciol czarny, dzięcioł czarny, Dzieciol zielony, Dzięcioł zielony
Pinyin: dà-hēi dǎ-mù, hēi zhuó-mù-niǎo, shān zhuó-mù-niǎo
Португальский: peto preto, Peto-preto, Pica-pau-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Pica-pau-preto
Romansh: pitgalain nair
Рето-романский: Pitgalain nair
Румынский: ciocanitoare neagra, ciocănitoare neagră, kali-chiplitarka, kalo-chuplitari
Русский: želna, Zhelna, Желна, или Желна, Чёрная желна, Черный дятел, чёрный дятел
Yakut: киргил
Sardinian: Biccalinna niedda, Biccalinna nieddu, Biccamatta niedda, Biccamatta nieddu, Biccamuru niedda, Biccamuru nieddu
Scots: cnag dhubh
Северный Саамский: ruovddagas
Словакский: ďateľ, ďateľ čierny, tesár čierny
Словенский: crna žolna, črna žolna
Албанский: qukapiku i zi
Сербский: crna žuna, Crna žunja, crni djetlic, crni djetlić, црна жуна, Црна жунја, Црна жуња
Шведский: Spillkråka
Tajik: залғам, эзорсурхаки сиѐҳ, эзорсурхаки сиѐҳи калон
туркменский: kara ağaçkakan
Турецкий: Kara ağaçkakan, Kara Aşaçkakan, Қара тоқылдақ
Tatar: кара тукран
Tuvan (Tuvinian): кызыл чалаалыг кара торга, Кызыл-чиңзелиг торга, Улуг кара-торга
Udmurt: ӟакы, кыр, сьӧд кыр, сьӧд сизь
Украинский: žovna, жовна, Жовна чорна , Чорна жовна, Чорний дятел
узбекский: қора қизилиштон
Sorbian, Lower: carny źiśelc, wjeliki šnapac
Sorbian, Upper: čorna žołma, čorny dypornak, dypak
Kalmyk: ик хар тоңшур, хар тоңшур
Китайский: [hei zhuo-mu-niao], 大黑打木, 山啄木鸟, 黑啄木鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 大黑打木, 山啄木鳥, 黑啄木, 黑啄木鳥

С 24 июня 2003 года Avibase посетили 343 948 701 раз. © Denis Lepage | Политика конфиденциальности Перевод этой страницы на русский язык выполнила Виктория Маслакова