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Melro-preto

Turdus [merula or mandarinus] (= Turdus merula) Linnaeus, 1758

The Common Blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush. It is also called Eurasian Blackbird (especially in North America, to distinguish it from the unrelated New World blackbirds), or simply Blackbird, where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. It breeds in Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand. It has a number of subspecies across its large range; a few of the Asian subspecies are sometimes considered to be full species. Depending on latitude, the Common Blackbird may be resident, partially migratory or fully migratory. Source: Wikipedia




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ordem:
  Passeriformes
família:
  Turdidae
Gênero:
  
Turdus

científico:
  Turdus merula

Citação:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Referência:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.170

Protonym:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  929A4ECEA453DACD

Ligação curta:
  https://avibase.ca/929A4ECE

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: breeds eastern China (from southern Gansu and southern Shaanxi south through eastern Sichuan to western Yunnan, east to Hebei and Guangdong); partially migratory, wintering to Hainan and northern Indochina
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: east central China (central Sichuan); resident?
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Mostre mais...
inglês:
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird
Checo:
Kos černý
alemão:
Amsel
dinamarquês:
Solsort
espanhol:
Mirlo Común
finlandês:
mustarastas
francês:
Merle noir ou M. de Chine
Islândico:
Svartþröstur
italiano:
Merlo
Japonês:
kuroutadori
japonês:
クロウタドリ
neerlandês:
Merel
Norueguês:
Svarttrost
Polonês:
kos
português:
Melro-preto
Russo:
Чёрный дрозд
Eslovaco:
drozd čierny
Sueco:
Koltrast
Ucraniano:
Дрізд чорний
Mandarim:
乌鸫


Autoridades reconhecendo esse conceito taxonômico:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird ( Turdus [merula or mandarinus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird ( Turdus [merula or mandarinus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird ( Turdus [merula or mandarinus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird ( Turdus [merula or mandarinus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird ( Turdus [merula or mandarinus])
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Blackbird (Eurasian) ( Turdus merula [merula Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Turdus merula [version 1]

Estatuto taxonómico:

Estatuto específico: species group (sometimes a species)

Este taxon é uma subespécie de Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus]

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Outros sinónimos


Árabe : الشحرور
Asturian: Ñerbatu
Azerbaijão: Qara qaratoyuğu
Belarusian: Чорны дрозд
Búlgaro: Кос
Bengali: পাতি কালিদামা
Bretão: Ar voualc'h du
Catalan: Merla, merla comuna
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
Checo: Kos cerný, Kos černý
Galês: Mwyalchen
dinamarquês: Solsort
alemão: Amsel
Grego: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, Μαυρόπουλλος
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπουλλος
inglês: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird (Eurasian), Eurasian or Chinese Blackbird
Esperanto: merlo
espanhol: Mirlo Común
Estoniano: Musträstas
Basco: Zozo arrunta
finlandês: mustarastas
Faroês: kvørkveggja
francês: Merle noir, Merle noir ou M. de Chine
Frisão: swarte lyster
Irlandês: Lon Dubh
Gaélico: Lon-Dubh
Galego: Merlo
Hebraico: שחרור
Croata: Kos
Húngaro: Fekete rigó
Armênio: Սև Կեռնեխ
Islândico: Svartþröstur
italiano: Merlo
Japonês: kuro uta-dori, kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
japonês: クロウタドリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒歌鳥
Georgiano: შაშვი
Cazaque: Қара сайрақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara sayraq
Coreano: 대륙검은지빠귀
Cornish: Molgh dhu
Científico: Turdus [merula or mandarinus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula [merula Group], Turdus merula merula
Luxemburguês: Märel
Lituano: Juodasis strazdas
Latviano: Melnais meža strazds
Macedônio: Ќос
Malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
Mongolês: Хар хөөндэй
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khööndei
Maltês: Malvizz Iswed
neerlandês: Merel
Norueguês: Svarttrost
Polonês: kos
Pinyin: wū-dōng
português: Melro-preto
Romansh: Merlotscha
Romeno: Mierlă
Russo: Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Northern Sami: Cáhppesrásttis
Eslovaco: drozd čierny
Esloveno: Kos
Albanês: Mëllënja
Sérvio: kos
Sueco: Koltrast
Tailandês: นกเดินดงสีดำ
Turcomeno: karatavuk
Turco: Karatavuk, Қара сайрақ
Ucraniano: Дрізд чорний
Mandarim: 乌鸫
Chinese (Traditional): 烏鶇

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