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Chestnut-fronted Macaw

Ara severus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Chestnut-fronted Macaw or Severe Macaw (Ara severus) is one of the largest of the Mini-Macaws. It reaches a size of around 45 cm (18 in) of which around half is the length of the tail. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Psittacidae
Genus:
  Ara

Scientific:
  Ara severus

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.97

Protonym:
  Psittacus severus

Avibase ID:
  25BE172968F96FCC

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/25BE1729

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 714034

Geographic range:

  • Ara severus: Tropical e Panama to the Guianas, n Bolivia and Amaz. Brazil
English:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw
Czech:
ara malý
German:
Rotbugara
Danish:
Dværgara
Spanish:
Guacamayo Severo
Finnish:
valkonaama-ara
French:
Ara vert
Italian:
Ara frontecastana
Japanese:
himekongouinko
Japanese:
ヒメコンゴウインコ
Dutch:
Dwergara
Norwegian:
Brunpanneara
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Brunpanneara
Polish:
ara kasztanowoczelna
Portuguese:
Maracanã-guacu
Portuguese (Brazil):
Maracanã-guaçu
Russian:
Каштановозобый ара
Slovak:
ara tmavočelá
Swedish:
dvärgara
Ukrainian:
Ара синьокрилий
Chinese:
栗额金刚鹦鹉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Ara vert ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Ara vert ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Ara severa [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Ara severa [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Ara severa [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severa) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Chestnut-fronted Macaw ( Ara severus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ara severus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ara severus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Other synonyms


Catalan: Guacamai verd petit
Carib: Kajakaja
Czech: Ara malý
Danish: Dværgara
German: Rotbugara
English: Brazilian Green Macaw, Chestnut fronted Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Severa Macaw, Severe Macaw
English (IOC): Chestnut-fronted Macaw
Spanish: Guacamaya Cariseca, Guacamayo Severo, Maracaná, Maracaná Grande
Spanish (Colombia): Guacamaya Cariseca
Spanish (Ecuador): Guacamayo Frenticastaño
Spanish (Spain): Guacamayo Severo
Spanish (HBW): Chestnut-fronted Macaw
Spanish (Panama): Guacamaya Frenticastaña
Spanish (Peru): Guacamayo de Frente Castaña
Spanish (Venezuela): Maracaná
Estonian: jõgiaara
Finnish: Joikuara, valkonaama-ara
French: Ara à front châtain, Ara sévère, Ara vert
Hungarian: vörösszárnyélű ara
Italian: Ara frontecastana, Ara severa
Japanese: himekongouinko
Japanese: ヒメコンゴウインコ
Scientific: Ara severa, Ara severus, Ara severus severus, Psittacus severus
Lithuanian: Rudakaktė ara
Ndyuka-trio Pidgin: Dyabaa
Dutch: Dwergara
Norwegian Nynorsk: Brunpanneara
Norwegian: Brunpanneara, Dvergara
Wayampi: Alalamalakanã
Palikúr: Marakna
Polish: ara kasztanowoczelna
Portuguese: anacã, ararica, ararinha, ararinha-de-fronte-castanha, maracanã, maracanã-açu, Maracanã-guacu, maracanã-guaçu
Portuguese (Brazil): anacã, ararica, ararinha, ararinha-de-fronte-castanha, maracanã, maracanã-açu, maracana-guacu, Maracanã-guaçu
Portuguese (Portugal): Maracanã-guaçu
Russian: Каштановозобый ара, Каштановолобый ара
Slovak: ara tmavocelá, ara tmavočelá
Serbian: Ara severa
Saramaccan: Pikí-alalá
Sranan: Rafruprakiki
Swedish: Dvärgara
Ukrainian: Ара синьокрилий
Wayana: Malakana
Chinese: 栗额金刚鹦鹉
Chinese (Traditional): 偉格勒氏麥鷎

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