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Spruce Grouse

Falcipennis canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

The spruce grouse, Canada grouse, spruce hen or fool hen is a medium-sized grouse closely associated with the coniferous boreal forests or taiga of North America. It is the only member of the genus Canachites. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
   Falcipennis
Scientific:
  Falcipennis canadensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao canadensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727066


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  4BCA4FFF85E6B1E2

Avibase ID:
  avibase-4BCA4FFF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4BCA4FFF


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 553896

Geographic range:

  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis {canadensis or labradorius}: Coniferous forests of Canada (central Alberta to Labrador)
  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis (torridus): Nova Scotia
  • Falcipennis canadensis osgoodi: Alaska and Yukon to Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabasca
  • Falcipennis canadensis atratus: S Alaska (Bristol Bay) to Prince William Sound and Kodiak I.
  • Falcipennis canadensis canace: SE Canada and adjacent US (Minnesota to Maine)
  • Falcipennis canadensis franklinii: British Columbia south through the northern Rocky Mountains to northeastern Oregon and central Idaho
  • Falcipennis canadensis isleibi: southeastern Alaska (Prince of Wales Island, and adjacent islands in the Alexander Archipelago)
  • Show more...
English:
Spruce Grouse
Catalan:
Grèvol del Canadà
Czech:
tetřívek kanadský
Danish:
Granhjerpe
German:
Tannenhuhn
Spanish:
Gallo Canadiense
Spanish (Spain):
Gallo Canadiense
Finnish:
kanadanpyy
French:
Tétras du Canada
Croatian:
Smrekin tetrijeb
Hungarian:
lucfajd
Icelandic:
Trjáorri
Italian:
Pernice delle peccete
Japanese (romaji):
harimomiraichou
Japanese:
ハリモミライチョウ
Lithuanian:
Kanadinis tetervinas
Dutch:
Bossneeuwhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Granjerpe
Norwegian:
Granjerpe
Polish:
borowiak kanadyjski
Portuguese:
Tetraz-dos-abetos
Russian:
Канадская дикуша
Slovak:
jariabok jedľový
Serbian:
Smrekin tetreb
Swedish:
granjärpe
Ukrainian:
Дикуша канадська
Chinese:
枞树镰翅鸡
Chinese (Traditional):
樅樹雞


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Tétras du Canada ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tétras du Canada ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falcipennis canadensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falcipennis canadensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Belarusian: Канадская дзікуша
Breton: Skilgog-Kanada
Catalan: Grèvol de pícea, Grèvol del Canadà
Chipewyan: t’dee
Cree: oskahtako pihêw, oskatagaoo peheoo, sakâwi pihêw
Cree, Plains: oskatagaoo peheoo
Cree (syllabic): ᓴᑳᐏ ᐱᐦᐁᐤ
Czech: Tetrívek kanadský, tetřívek kanadský
Chuvash: Канада дикуши
Welsh: Grugiar Canada
Danish: Granhjerpe
German: Tannenhuhn
English: American Spruce-Grouse, Canada, Canada Grouse, Franklin's grouse, Spruce Grouse, Spruce Partridge
English, HBW: Spruce/Franklin's Grouse
English (IOC): Spruce Grouse
English (United States): Spruce Grouse
Esperanto: Kanada lagopo
Spanish: Gallo Canadiense, Urogallo del Canada
Spanish (Spain): Gallo Canadiense
Spanish (HBW): Gallo Canadiense
Inupiatun, North Alaskan: napaaqtuum
Estonian: kuusepüü
Finnish: Kanadanpyy
French: Tétras des savanes, Tétras du Canada, Tètras du Canada
Irish: Sprúschearc
Galician: Galiña do Canadá
Manx: Kellagh juys
Croatian: Kanadska lještarka, Smrekin tetrijeb
Hungarian: lucfajd
Icelandic: Trjáorri
Italian: Pernice delle peccete, Tetraone canadese, Tetraone delle peccette canadese
Japanese (romaji): harimomiraichou
Japanese: ハリモミライチョウ
Scientific: Canachites canadensis, Canachites canadensis canadensis, Dendragapus canadensis, Dendragapus canadensis canadensis, Falcipennis canadensis, Falcipennis canadensis canadensis, Tetrao canadensis
Lithuanian: Kanadinis tetervinas
Latvian: Kanādas rubenis
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): innineu
Dutch: Bossneeuwhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Granjerpe
Norwegian: Granjerpe
Polish: borowiak kanadyjski, Jarząbek kanadyjski
Portuguese: Galinha-do-canadá, Tetraz-dos-abetos
Portuguese (Portugal): tetraz-canadiano
Rhaeto-Romance: Giaglina da pign
Romanian: Ieruncă canadiană
Russian: Канадская Дикуша
Northern Sami: Guossabakku
Slovak: jariabok jedľový
Serbian: Smrekin tetreb
Swedish: Granjärpe
Turkish: Amerika Ladin Tavuğu
Tatar: Канада чыршы көртлеге
Ukrainian: Дикуша канадська
Chinese: 枞树镰翅鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 樅樹雞

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