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Spruce Grouse

Falcipennis canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Spruce Grouse or Canada Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis) is a medium-sized grouse closely associated with the coniferous boreal forests or taiga of North America. It is one of the most arboreal grouse, fairly well adapted to perching and moving about in trees. When approached by a predator, it relies on camouflage and immobility to an amazing degree, for example letting people come to within a few feet before finally taking flight, a behavior that has earned it the moniker "fool hen". It is present in Quebec and its French name is "tétras du Canada". Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
  Falcipennis

Scientific:
  Falcipennis canadensis

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao canadensis

Avibase ID:
  4BCA4FFF85E6B1E2

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4BCA4FFF

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 553896

Geographic range:

  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis {canadensis or labradorius}: Coniferous forests of Canada (central Alberta to Labrador)
  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis (torridus): Nova Scotia
  • Falcipennis canadensis osgoodi: Alaska and Yukon to Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabasca
  • Falcipennis canadensis atratus: S Alaska (Bristol Bay) to Prince William Sound and Kodiak I.
  • Falcipennis canadensis canace: SE Canada and adjacent US (Minnesota to Maine)
  • Falcipennis canadensis [franklinii or isleibi]: Coniferous forests of extreme se Alaska to nw US
  • Show more...
English:
Spruce Grouse
Czech:
tetřívek kanadský
German:
Tannenhuhn
Danish:
Granhjerpe
Spanish:
Gallo Canadiense
Finnish:
kanadanpyy
French:
Tétras du Canada
Icelandic:
Trjáorri
Italian:
Pernice delle peccete
Japanese:
harimomiraichou
Japanese:
ハリモミライチョウ
Dutch:
Bossneeuwhoen
Norwegian:
Granjerpe
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Granjerpe
Polish:
borowiak kanadyjski
Portuguese:
Tetraz-dos-abetos
Russian:
Канадская дикуша
Slovak:
jariabok jedľový
Swedish:
granjärpe
Ukrainian:
Дикуша канадська
Chinese:
枞树镰翅鸡


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Tétras du Canada ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tétras du Canada ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Spruce Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falcipennis canadensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falcipennis canadensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Grèvol del Canadà
Czech: Tetrívek kanadský, tetřívek kanadský
Danish: Granhjerpe
German: Tannenhuhn
English: American Spruce-Grouse, Canada, Canada Grouse, Franklin's grouse, Spruce Grouse, Spruce Partridge
English (IOC): Spruce Grouse
Spanish: Gallo Canadiense, Urogallo del Canada
Spanish (Spain): Gallo Canadiense
Spanish (HBW): Gallo Canadiense
Estonian: kuusepüü
Finnish: Kanadanpyy
French: Tétras des savanes, Tétras du Canada, Tètras du Canada
Croatian: Smrekin tetrijeb
Hungarian: lucfajd
Icelandic: Trjáorri
Italian: Pernice delle peccete, Tetraone delle peccette canadese
Japanese: harimomiraichou
Japanese: ハリモミライチョウ
Scientific: Canachites canadensis, Canachites canadensis canadensis, Dendragapus canadensis, Dendragapus canadensis canadensis, Falcipennis canadensis, Tetrao canadensis
Lithuanian: Kanadinis tetervinas
Latvian: Kanādas rubenis
Dutch: Bossneeuwhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Granjerpe
Norwegian: Granjerpe
Polish: borowiak kanadyjski, Jarząbek kanadyjski
Portuguese: Tetraz-dos-abetos
Russian: Канадская Дикуша
Slovak: jariabok jedľový
Serbian: Smrekin tetreb
Swedish: Granjärpe
Turkish: Amerika Ladin Tavuğu
Ukrainian: Дикуша канадська
Chinese: 枞树镰翅鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 樅樹雞

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