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Common Crane

Grus grus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common Crane (Grus grus), also known as the Eurasian Crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes. A medium-sized species, it is the only crane commonly found in Europe besides the Demoiselle Crane. It is also one of only four crane species (with the Sandhill and Demoiselle Cranes and the Brolga) not currently classified as threatened with extinction or conservation dependent at the species level. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
  Grus

Scientific:
  Grus grus

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.141

Protonym:
  Ardea Grus

Avibase ID:
  99B8841E764117B1

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/99B8841E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176183

Geographic range:

  • Grus grus: Breeds n Eurasia; winters to n Africa, s India and SE Asia
English:
Common Crane
Czech:
jeřáb popelavý
German:
Kranich
Danish:
Trane
Spanish:
Grulla Común
Finnish:
kurki
French:
Grue cendrée
Icelandic:
Grátrana
Italian:
Gru
Japanese:
kurozuru
Japanese:
クロヅル
Dutch:
Kraanvogel
Norwegian:
Trane
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Trane
Polish:
żuraw
Portuguese:
Grou-comum
Russian:
Серый журавль
Slovak:
žeriav popolavý
Swedish:
trana
Ukrainian:
Журавель сірий
Chinese:
灰鹤


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue cendrée ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue cendrée ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Eurasian Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Grus grus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Grus grus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Grus grus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Common Crane ( Grus grus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus grus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus grus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kraanvoël
Arabic: الكركي, الكٌركي, الكٌركي كرك
Asturian: Grulla
Azerbaijani: Ağ durna, Boz durna
Belarusian: Журавель шэры, Шэры жораў, Шэры журавель
Bulgarian: Сив жерав
Bengali: পাতি সারস
Breton: Ar c'haran louet, Garan
Catalan: Grua, Grua europea, Grua.
Catalan (Balears): Grua, Grua.
Montenegrin: ždral
Czech: jeøáb popelavý, Jeráb popelavý, Jeřáb popelavý
Chuvash: Тăрна
Welsh: Garan
Danish: Trane
German: Kranich
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκός) Γερανός, Γερανός
Greek (Cypriot): Γερανός
English: Common Crane, Crane, Eurasian crane, European Crane, Gray Crane, Grey Crane
English (IOC): Common Crane
English (Kenya): Common Crane
Esperanto: Gruo
Spanish: Grulla, Grulla Comun, Grulla Común
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Común
Spanish (HBW): Grulla común
Estonian: Sookurg
Basque: Grua, Kurrilo arrunt, Kurrilo arrunta
Persian: درنای معمولی
Finnish: Kurki
Faroese: Trani
French: Grue cendrée
Frisian: Kraan
Irish: Corr mhóna, Grús
Gaelic: Corra Mhonaich
Galician: Grou, Grua
Manx: Coar
Hebrew: עגור אפור
Croatian: Sivi ždral, Ždral
Hungarian: Daru
Armenian: [Mokhraguyn Krunk ], [spitak kŗunk], Մոխրագույն Կռունկ, սպիտակ կռունկ
Icelandic: Grátrana
Italian: Gru, Gru cenerina
Japanese: kuroduru, kurozuru, Kuro-zuru, Nezumi-zuru
Japanese: クロヅル, ネズミヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 黒鶴, 鼠鶴
Georgian: რუხი წერო
Khakas: Пора турна
Kazakh: Ақ тырна, Сұр тырна
Kazakh (Transliteration): sur tırna
Korean: 검은목두루미
Korean (Transliteration): geomeun-mok-durumi
Karachay-Balkar: Акъ турна
Cornish: Garan
Kirghiz: Ак турна
Scientific: Ardea Grus, Grus grus, Grus grus grus
Luxembourgish: Huergäns , Krukert
Limburgish: Siberische kraan
Lithuanian: Gervė, Pilkoji gerve, Pilkoji gervė
Latvian: (pelēkā) dzērve, Dzērve, Kluicāns, pelēkā dzērve
Macedonian: Жерав, Пепелав (Сив) жерав, сив жерав
Mongolian: Хархираа тогоруу
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хөх тогоруу
Mongolian (Transliteration): kharkhiraa togoruu, khökh togoruu
Moldavian: Cocor
Maltese: Grawwa
Dutch: Europese Kraanvogel, Kraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Trane
Norwegian: Trane
Polish: zuraw, Żuraw, żuraw (zwyczajny), Żuraw pospolity, Żuraw zwyczajny
Pinyin: cānggēng, cāng-guā, fānshǔ hè, huī-hè, ōu-yà hè, xuán-hè
Portuguese: grou, Grou-comum
Portuguese (Portugal): Grou-comum
Romansh: Gru grisch
Romanian: Cocor
Russian: Cерый журавль, Sery Zhuravl, Журавль серый, Серый журавль
Sardinian: Fusellu
Scots: Corra mhonaich
Sindhi: ى وٍبي ډٮم ڃًي
Northern Sami: Goarga
Slovak: Žeriav popolavý
Slovenian: Navadni žerjav, sivi žerjav, žerjav
Albanian: Krilla, Krillë
Serbian: sivi ždral, Ždral, Ждрал
Swedish: Trana
Thai: นกกกระเรียนพันธุ์ยุโรป, นกกระเรียนธรรมดา, นกกระเรียนพันธุ์ยุโรป
Thai (Transliteration): nók krà-rian pʰan yú-rôop, nók krà-rian tʰam-ma-daa
Turkmen: Ak durna
Turkish: Turna, Сұр тырна
Tatar: Aq turna
Tuvinian: Бора дуруяа
Ukrainian: Журавель сірий , Сірий журавель
Vietnamese: Chim Sếu cổ trắng, Sếu cổ trắng
Chinese: [canggeng], [cang-gua], [hui-he], [xuan-he], 仓庚, 欧亚鹤, 灰 鹤, 灰鶴, 灰鹤, 玄鹤, 番薯鹤, 苍庚, 鸧鸹
Chinese (Traditional): 倉庚, 歐亞鶴, 灰鶴, 玄鶴, 番薯鶴, 蒼庚, 鶬鴰
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 灰鶴
Chinese (Taiwan): [hui-he], 灰鶴, 灰鹤

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