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Nihoa Finch

Telespiza ultima Bryan, 1917

The Nihoa Finch (Telespiza ultima) is one of the two endemic bird species of the tiny Hawaiian island Nihoa, the other being the Nihoa Millerbird. When it was classified in 1917, scientists thought that it would be the last endemic species named. This was later found untrue. The island's population is 1000-3000 birds. The Nihoa Finch was added to the Endangered Species List by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on March 11, 1967. An attempt to protect the species against extinction was made by starting a colony on French Frigate Shoals, another leeward island. This would ensure its continued existence in the event that the Nihoa population was wiped out. This attempt, however, failed. Nihoa is part of a group of islands that make up the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge which provides protected land for the Nihoa Finch to roam on. The Nihoa Finch looks much like the Laysan Finch but is smaller, and less dark. The diet of this bird includes items like sea birds' eggs, small arthropods, and the seeds and flowers of some of the native flora. The birds have a yellow throat and the front is streaked with brown; the head and back are brown streaked with black. It measures about 6 inches in length. Nihoa Finches build their nests in small spaces in rocky cliffs about 100 to 800 feet above the sea level. The breeding season begins in February and might go on till early July, ending with a clutch of usually three eggs. The Nihoa Finch will get its adult plumage in about a single year. Source: Wikipedia

Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Fringillidae
Genus:
  Telespiza

Scientific:
  Telespiza ultima

Citation:
  Bryan, 1917

Reference:
  Auk 34 p.70,71

Protonym:
  Telespiza ultima

Avibase ID:
  DB422AD094235903

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/DB422AD0

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 554450


CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Telespiza ultima: Nihoa I. (nw Hawaiian Islands)
English:
Nihoa Finch
Czech:
šatovník nihojský
German:
Nihoakleidervogel
Danish:
Nihoafinke
Spanish:
Palila de Nihoa
Finnish:
nihoanpalila
French:
Psittirostre de Nihoa
Italian:
Fringuello di Nihoa
Japanese:
nihoahawaimashiko
Japanese:
ニホアハワイマシコ
Dutch:
Nihoavink
Norwegian:
Nihoafink
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Nihoafink
Polish:
hawajka tegodzioba
Portuguese:
Palila-de-nihoa
Russian:
Нихоанская вьюрковая цветочница
Slovak:
havajčan skalný
Swedish:
nihoafink
Ukrainian:
Гавайниця нигойська
Chinese:
尼岛拟管舌雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Psittirostre de Nihoa ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Psittirostre de Nihoa ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespyza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespyza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespyza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespyza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespyza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Loxioides cantans ultima [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Loxioides cantans ultima [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Nihoa Finch ( Telespiza ultima) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Telespiza ultima [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Telespiza ultima [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Telespiza [cantans or ultima] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: palila de l'illa Nihoa
Czech: Šatovník nihojský
Danish: Nihoafinke
German: Nihoagimpel, Nihoakleidervogel
English: Nihoa Finch
English (Hawaii): Palihoa - Nihoa Finch
English (IOC): Nihoa Finch
Spanish: Certiola de Nihoa, Palila de Nihoa
Spanish (Spain): Palila de Nihoa
Spanish (HBW): Nihoa Finch
Estonian: niihau nestevint
Finnish: Nihoanpalila
French: Drépanide de Nihoa, Pinson de Nihoa, Pinson nihoha, Psittirostre de Nihoa
Hungarian: Nihoa-pinty
Italian: Fringuello di Nihoa
Japanese: nihoahawaimashiko
Japanese: ニホアハワイマシコ
Scientific: Loxioides cantans ultima, Telespiza ultima, Telespyza ultima
Lithuanian: Didžioji telespiza
Dutch: Nihoavink, Nihoa-vink
Norwegian Nynorsk: Nihoafink
Norwegian: Nihoafink
Polish: hawajka tegodzioba, hawajka tęgodzioba
Portuguese: Palila-de-nihoa
Russian: Нихоанская вьюрковая цветочница
Slovak: havajčan skalný
Serbian: Nihoa zeba
Swedish: Nihoafink
Ukrainian: Гавайниця нигойська
Chinese: 尼岛拟管舌雀
Chinese (Traditional): 尼哈管舌鳥

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